Phenolic Profile of the Kernel of Selected Persian Walnut (<i>Juglans regia</i> L.) Cultivars

  • Géza BUJDOSÓ Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Pomology, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
  • György VÉGVÁRI Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Soil Science and Water Management, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
  • Veronika HAJNAL Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Pomology, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
  • Gitta FICZEK Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Pomology, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
  • Magdolna TÓTH Corvinus University of Budapest

Abstract

The Persian walnut (Juglans regia L.) also known as English, Carpathian or common walnut is an important fruit species for Central and Eastern Europe, as its productivity increases annually due to its good market situation. Phenolic compounds of fifteen Persian walnut cultivars and two selected genotypes were examined by HPLC in this research paper. If we rank the phenolic compounds of the examined cultivars based on their quantity into increasing relative order, the quantity of Vanillic acid was the highest compound followed by Cathechin, Pyrocathechin, Epicathechin, Rutin, Syringic acid, Gallic acid, Juglone and Cinnamic acid. As results it can be considered that the Hungarian bred walnut cultivars had higher phenolic content compared to foreign cultivars. Among foreign bred cultivars evaluated in this paper the Serbian cultivars ‘Srem’ and ‘Sampion’ had the best results.

Author Biographies

Géza BUJDOSÓ, Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Pomology, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
Dept.of Pomology, Senior Lecturer
György VÉGVÁRI, Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Soil Science and Water Management, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
Dept. of Soil Science and Water Management, Professor, head of the Department
Veronika HAJNAL, Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Pomology, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
Dept. of Pomology, PhD student
Gitta FICZEK, Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Pomology, 29-43, Villányi út, Budapest
Dept. of Pomology, Senior Lecturer
Magdolna TÓTH, Corvinus University of Budapest
Dept. of Pomology, Professor, head of the department
Published
2014-06-03
How to Cite
BUJDOSÓ, G., VÉGVÁRI, G., HAJNAL, V., FICZEK, G., & TÓTH, M. (2014). Phenolic Profile of the Kernel of Selected Persian Walnut (<i>Juglans regia</i&gt; L.) Cultivars. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 42(1), 24-29. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha4219400
Section
Research Articles