Several Fruit Characteristics of Rosa sp. Genotypes from the Northeastern Region of Romania

  • Craita Maria ROSU NIRDBS-Institute of Biological Research, Department of Cell Biology and Microbiology, 47 Lascar Catargi Street, 700 107, Iasi
  • Ciprian MANZU ”œAlexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
  • Zenovia OLTEANU Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
  • Lacramioara OPRICA Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
  • Adrian OPREA NIRDBS-Institute of Biological Research, Department of Cell Biology and Microbiology, 47 Lascar Catargi Street, 700 107, Iasi
  • Elena CIORNEA Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
  • Maria Magdalena ZAMFIRACHE

Abstract

There is great evidence regarding the beneficial influence of rose hips on human and animal health. In this respect, fruits of native populations of Rosa spp. collected from the northeastern part of Romania (400-1060 m altitude) were assayed for nutritional and some morphological properties, in order to select the best genotypes. The results show a great quantitative variability of analyzed genotypes, regarding dimensions and biochemical indicators as follow: ascorbic acid: 866.91 mg/100 g fw (R. rubiginosa), 615.98 mg/100 g fw (R. caesia); carotenes: 34.95 mg/100 g fw (R. subcanina), 24.64 mg/100 g fw (R. nitidula); protein content: 0.47 g/100 g fw (R. micrantha), 0.25 g/100 g fw (R. caesia); total sugars: 17.63 g/100 g fw (R. andegavensis), 11.55 g/100 g fw (R. caryophyllacea). The fruits length, width and dry weight were: 25 mm (R. canina), 12 mm (R. micrantha), 16.5 mm (R. corymbifera), 8 mm (R. micrantha) and 25% dry weight (R. rubiginosa), 38% dry weight (R. nitidula), respectively. The present study demonstrates the existence of a rich rose germplasm source in north-east area, with good biotechnological fruit quality, which recommends them as functional foods according to their chemical contents (R. rubiginosa, R. vosagiaca, R. subcanina, R. canina and R. caryophyllacea) and also as sources for natural colorants in food technology.

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Author Biographies

Craita Maria ROSU, NIRDBS-Institute of Biological Research, Department of Cell Biology and Microbiology, 47 Lascar Catargi Street, 700 107, Iasi
CELL BIOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY
Ciprian MANZU, ”œAlexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
FACULTY OF BIOLOGY
Zenovia OLTEANU, Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
FACULTY OF BIOLOGY
Lacramioara OPRICA, Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
FACULTY OF BIOLOGY
Adrian OPREA, NIRDBS-Institute of Biological Research, Department of Cell Biology and Microbiology, 47 Lascar Catargi Street, 700 107, Iasi
ECOLOGY
Elena CIORNEA, Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University, Faculty of Biology, 20A Carol I Bdv, 700506, Iasi
FACULTY OF BIOLOGY
Maria Magdalena ZAMFIRACHE
FACULTY O BIOLOGYF
Published
2011-11-21
How to Cite
ROSU, C. M., MANZU, C., OLTEANU, Z., OPRICA, L., OPREA, A., CIORNEA, E., & ZAMFIRACHE, M. M. (2011). Several Fruit Characteristics of Rosa sp. Genotypes from the Northeastern Region of Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 39(2), 203-208. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha3926333
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha3926333