PEAR VARIETIES AND SELECTIONS, WITH EXTRA-EARLY AND EARLY RIPENING, OBTAINED AT THE FRUIT RESEARCH STATION CLUJ (FRS CLUJ)
Keywords:breeding, pear, varieties, selections
AbstractPear-breeding in the Fruit Research Station Cluj started in 1953 when the Fruit Research Station was founded, carrying the following objectives: productivity, quality and different ripening periods in order to assure fresh fruits for a longer period of time. Due to this activity, the following pear varieties have been certificated: Napoca, Doina, Haydeea, Ina Estival, Virgiliu Hibernal, Jubileu 50 and Milenium. To obtain the first generation of hybrids were used the 400 existent varieties at FRS Cluj. The method used concerning the issue of variety was conducted hybridisation. Taken by the improvement objectives which were proposed, there were chosen as genitors the varieties and selections that were suitable for the aim to follow. At the time being, in the trial fields of FRS Cluj, there are over 140 selections of pear hybrids, obtained by selections. From the large number of tested selections can be noticed a few selections with extra-early and early ripening, with great perspectives for being certificated: 72-17-11, 72-2-16, 72-15-45, 99-7-51, 72-21-13. We recommend studying them in production conditions and promoting the best selections for propagation and for being included in the local and national range of varieties.
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