Changes in mango postharvest quality due to nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium dose and production season

Authors

  • Liliana BAEZA-HERRERA College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • David JAEN-CONTRERAS College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Cesar SAN-MARTÍN-HERNÁNDEZ College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Sergio H. CHÁVEZ-FRANCO College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Alfredo LOPÉZ-JIMÉNEZ College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Alfonso MURATALLA-LUA College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Cecilia GARCIA-OSORIO College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha52113522

Keywords:

Ascorbic acid, gallic acid, fruit color, fruit maturity, Mangifera indica L

Abstract

This study analysed the impact of two production seasons (PS): off-season (OS) and main-season (MS); plus, three fertilization doses (FD): proposed (PR), regional (RE) and no fertilization (NF); and the PSxFD interaction, on the quality of ‘Ataulfo’ mango produced in a commercial orchard. A completely randomized factorial design with four replications was used. The experimental unit was a 12-year-old mango tree. The variables evaluated at physiological maturity and maturity of consumption were firmness, color, titratable acidity (TA), total soluble solids (TSS), TSS/TA ratio, total sugars (TS), reducing sugars (RS), β-carotene, total phenols, vitamin C and weight loss (5, 10 and 15 days) only at the stage of maturity of consumption. PS and FD differentially affected (according to fruit maturity stage) the physicochemical and nutraceutical quality. A similar behavior was observed for the PSxFD interaction. The outstanding results were, at physiological maturity, the PR dose elevated TSS, phenols and TSS/TA ratio; in PS, OS increased Hue, TA, TSS and phenols. At maturity of consumption, the RE dose increased TSS, TSS/TA ratio, phenols, β-carotene and RS; at PS, OS increased TS, luminosity, TSS/TA ratio, β-carotene and vitamin C. The best fruit quality is achieved with the MS:PR combination at physiological maturity and OS:RE at maturity of consumption. Depending on the degree of maturity of the fruits, this study showed how the fertilization dose, the production seasons, and their interaction modify the physicochemical and nutraceutical quality of mango fruits.

References

Ali L, Svensson B, Alsanius BW, Olsson ME (2011). Late season harvest and storage of Rubus berries—Major antioxidant and sugar levels. Scientia Horticulturae 129(3):376-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.03.047

Almanza-Merchán PJ, Velandia DJD, Tovar LYP (2016). Propiedades fisicoquímicas durante el crecimiento y desarrollo en dos variedades de frutos de lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam.) [Physicochemical properties during growth and development of fruits of two varieties of lulo (Solanum quitoense Lam)]. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas 10(2):222-231. https://doi.org/10.17584/rcch.2016v10i2.5065

AOAC (1990) Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Vol. II. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, D.C.

AOAC (2002). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. Association of Official Analytical Chemists (17th ed), Washington DC. https://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5280541&fecha=29/11/2012#gsc.tab=0

Astudillo-Miller MX, Maldonado-Astudillo RI, Segura-Pacheco HR, Pallac MY (2020). Mango marketing chains and export potential in Costa Grande, Guerrero. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 11(1):111-124. https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v11i1.1769

Azam M, Qadri R, Aslam A, Khan MI, Khan AS, Anwar R, … Chen J (2021). Effects of different combinations of N, P and K at different time interval on vegetative, reproductive, yield and quality traits of mango (Mangifera indica. L) cv. Dusehri. Brazilian Journal of Biology 82. https://doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.235612

Cárdenas K, Rojas E (2003). Efecto del paclobutrazol y los nitratos de potasio y calcio sobre el desarrollo del mango ‘Tommy Atkins’ [Effect of paclobutrazol and potassium and calcium nitrates on 'Tommy Atkins' mango development]. Bioagro 15(2):83-90 https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=85715202

Casierra-Posada F, García RN. (2006). Producción y calidad de fruta en cultivares producción y calidad de fruta en cultivares de fresa (Fragaria sp.) Afectados por estrés salino [Yield and fruit quality of salt-stressed strawberry cultivars (Fragaria sp.)]. Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomía Medellín 59(2):3527-3542. http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=179914075009

Conversa G, Lazzizera C, Bonasia A, Elia A (2020). Harvest season and genotype affect head quality and shelf-life of ready-to-use broccoli. Agronomy 10(4):527. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040527

Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA, Smith F (1956). Colorimetric method for the determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry 28(3):350-356. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60111a017

Farías TR, Olivas SMP, Flores MJP, Martínez RNR, Alvarez PE (2019). Efecto de la salinidad y nitrógeno inorgánico del suelo en los compuestos fenólicos y capacidad antioxidante de Lycium berlandieri [Effect of salinity and inorganic nitrogen of soils in phenols compounds and antioxidant capacity of Lycium berlandieri]. Terra Latinoamericana 37(1):81-90. https://doi.org/10.28940/tl.v37i1.388

Feng HD, Chen HY, Dang ZG, Ni B, He CC, Wei ZY, Chen YY (2020). Soil properties, leaf nutrients and fruit quality response to substituting chemical fertilizer with organic manure in a mango orchard. Applied Ecology & Environmental Research 18(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1803_40254033

García MR, López JA, Saucedo VC, Salazar-García S, Suárez EJ. (2015). Maduración y calidad de frutos de mango 'Kent' con tres niveles de fertilización [Ripening and fruit quality of mango ‘Kent’ with three levels of fertilization]. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 6(4):665-678. https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v6i4.610

García-Gallegos E, Vázquez-Cuecuecha OG, Chávez-Gómez JA, Hernández-Acosta E, López-López A (2020). Relación entre parámetros edáficos y criterios de calidad postcosecha de frutos de Prunus persica (L.) Batsch por análisis multivariado [Relationship between edaphic parameters and postharvest quality criteria of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch fruits by multivariate analysis]. Scientia Agropecuaria 11(4):565-573. https://doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2020.04.12

Goykovic CV, Saavedra RG (2007). Algunos efectos de la salinidad en el cultivo del tomate y prácticas agronómicas de su manejo [Some effects of salinity on the tomato cultivars and agronomic practices in its managing]. IDESIA (Chile) 25(3):47-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292007000300006

Guzmán-Camposeco F, Aguirre-Medina JF, Espinosa Zaragoza S, Villarreal-Fuentes JM, Villalobos-Villalobos V, Aguirre-Cadena JF (2021). Morphological and biochemical characteristics in fruits of Mangifera indica L. var. Ataulfo with and without conventional management. Agro Productividad. https://doi.org/10.32854/agrop.v14i9.1888

Harhash M, Ahmed M (2018). Effect of organic and mineral fertilization on yield and fruit quality of Ewaise mango cultivar. Alexandria Journal of Soil and Water Sciences 2(2):102-115. https://doi.org/10.21608/ajsws.2018.225456

Husen S, Ishartati E, Muhidin M, Siskawardani DD, Rizky A, Syaifudin A, Onthong, J (2021). Modified Off–Season Technology to the Flowering Time and Fruit Yield of Arumanis Mango (Mangifera indica L.). E3S Web of Conference. https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202122600045

Jiménez-Maldonado MI, Tovar-Pedraza JM, León-Félix J, Muy-Rangel MD, Islas-Osuna MA (2022). Respuesta fisiológica y calidad de mango cv Ataulfo infectado por Colletotrichum spp [Physiological response and quality of mango cv Ataulfo infected with Colletotrichum spp]. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 13(6):1103-1115 https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v13i6.3028

Kaviarasu A, Balakrishnan S, Indirakumar K (2017). Environmental influence under off-season production on yield and quality attributes of mango. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(2):494-502. http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.056

López MJD, Salas-Pérez L, Valenzuela SR, Borroel GVJ, Pablo PR, Ramírez SAR (2017). Efecto del potasio en el contenido fenólico y capacidad antioxidante de Ocimum basilicum L [Effect of potassium on the phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of Ocimum basilicum L]. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 8(1):133-145. https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v8i1.77

Luna EG, Arévalo GML, Anaya RS, Villegas MA, Acosta RM, Leyva RG (2006). Calidad de mango ´ataulfo´ sometido a tratamiento hidrotérmico [Quality of ‘Ataulfo’ mango after a hot water treatment]. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 29(Es2): 123-128. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=61009821

Maldonado-Astudillo YI, Navarrete-García HA, Ortiz-Morales ÓD, Jiménez-Hernández J, Salazar-López R, Alia-Tejacal I, Álvarez-Fitz P (2016). Propiedades físicas, químicas y antioxidantes de variedades de mango crecidas en la costa de Guerrero [Physical, chemical and antioxidant properties of mango varieties grown at the Guerrero Coast]. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 39(3): 207-214. https://doi.org/10.35196/rfm.2016.3.207-214

Maldonado-Celis ME, Yahia EM, Bedoya R, Landázuri P, Loango N, Aguillón J, Guerrero OJC (2019). Chemical composition of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit: nutritional and phytochemical compounds. Frontiers in Plant Sciences 10:1073. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01073

Maldonado-Peralta R, Maldonado-Peralta MA, Rojas-Garcia AR, Salinas-Vargas D (2021). Efecto del estrés hídrico en poblaciones nativas de tomate mexicano [Effect of water stress on tomato Mexican landraces]. Ecosistemas y Recursos Agropecuarios Núm. Esp. II: e2889. https://doi.org/10.19136/era.a8nII.2889

Martínez FE, Sarmiento J, Fischer G, Jiménez F (2008). Efecto de la deficiencia de N, P, K, Ca, Mg y B en componentes de producción y calidad de la uchuva (Physalis peruviana L.) [Effect of N, P, K, Ca, Mg and B deficiency on production and quality components of cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.)]. Agronomía Colombiana 26(3):389-398. https://revistas.unal.edu.co/index.php/agrocol/article/view/11470

McGuire RG (1992). Reporting of objective color measurements. HortScience 27(2):1254–1255. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.27.12.1254

Mendoza-Hernández C, Rosas-Quijano R, Vázquez-Ovando A, Gálvez-López D (2020). Retos y controversias del mango Ataulfo [Challenges and controversies of the Ataulfo mango]. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 11(7):1633-1645. https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v11i7.2199

Miller G (1959). Use of dinitrosalicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar. Analitycal Chemistry 31 (3):426-428. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60147a030

Morales-Martinez M, Moscoso-Ramírez PA, Castelán-Estrada M, Contreras-Oliva A (2020). Efecto de nitratos solos o con paclobutrazol en la inducción floral y producción en mango cv. Tommy Atkins [Effect of nitrates alone or with paclobutrazol on flowering induction and production in mango cv. Tommy Atkins]. Biotecnia 22(2):20-27. https://doi.org/10.7440/res64.2018.03

Mosqueda-Lazcares G, Arévalo-Galarza M, Valdovinos-Ponce G, Rodríguez-Pérez JE, Colinas-León MT (2011). Época de corte y manejo poscosecha de ocho cultivares de rosa de corte [Time cutting and postharvest management of eight cut rose cultivars]. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 2(SPE3):591-602. http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=263122300015

Nasreen S, Kamal AM, Siddiky MA, Rannu RP, Islam MS (2014). Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulphur on the yield of mango. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 39(4):631-640. http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v39i4.22542

NMB (National Mango Board) (2019). Mango maturity and ripening guide. USA. Retrieved 2022 March 4 from https://www.mango.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Maturity-poster_SP_hi.pdf

NMX-FF-058-SCFI (2006). Non industrialized food products for human consumption – fresh fruit – mango (Mangifera indica L.) – specifications. Retrieved 2023 September 15 from http://www.economia-nmx.gob.mx/normas/nmx/2006/nmx-ff-058-scfi-2006.pdf

Nolasco-González Y, Osuna-García J (2017). Calidad poscosecha en mango ‘Kent’ con fertilización normal y alta [Postharvest quality in ‘Kent’ mango with normal and high fertilization]. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 8(SPE19):4009-4022. https://doi.org/10.29312/remexca.v0i19.669

NOM-188-SCFI-2012. (2012). Mango Ataulfo del Soconusco Chiapas (Mangifera caesia Jack ex Wall) specifications and test methods. Diario Oficial de la Federación de México. Retrieved 2023 September 15 from https://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5280541&fecha=29/11/2012#gsc.tab=0

Ornelas-Paz J, Gardea AA, Yahia EM, Failla ML (2010). Carotenoid composition in ‘Ataulfo’ mango and their bioavailability and bioconversion to vitamin A. Acta Horticulturae 877:1245-1252. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.877.170

Pérez LE, Rodríguez BD (2017). Estudio físico-químico para la formulación de un fertilizante líquido de composición completa [Physical-chemical study for the formulation of a full composition liquid fertilizer]. Universidad de Costa Rica. Pensamiento Actual 17(29):51-68. https://doi.org/10.15517/pa.v17i29.31551

Pérez MA., Vidal AY, Mulkay VT (2016). Contenido de fenoles totales en frutos de mango ′Super Haden′ dañados por antracnosis y tratados en poscosecha [Total phenolic content in ‘Super Haden’ mango fruits damaged by anthracnose and treated in postharvest]. Cultivos Tropicales 37(1):71-77. http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=193245041010

Prasad SR, Reddy YT, Upreti KK, Srilatha, V (2015). Chemical constituents during the main and off-season in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Royal Special. Journal of Horticultural Sciences 10(2):229-232. https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v10i2.135

Quijada O, Herrero B, González R., Casanova A., Castellano G, Camacho R (2008). Influence of pruning and potassium nitrate and potassium tiosulphate application on the production of mango (Mangifera indica L.) varieties Irwin and Tommy Atkins in the Maracaibo plain, Venezuela. Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnología Postcosecha 9(2):121-130. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=81315076005

Reddy YT, Prasad SS, Upreti KK (2013). Effect of paclobutrazol on fruit quality attributes in mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Totapuri. Journal of Horticultural Sciences 8(2):236-239. https://jhs.iihr.res.in/index.php/jhs/article/download/309/194

Ríos-Velasco C, Ornelas-Paz JJ, Ruíz-Cisneros MF, Parra-Quezada RA, Pérez-Corral DA, González-Vigil MV, Berlanga Reyes DI (2023). Effect of the harvest date, calcium and other chemicals on the quality and storability of ‘Golden Smoothie’ apples. Agro Productividad 15(12):31-39. https://doi.org/10.32854/agrop.v15i12.2296

San-Martín-Hernández C, Muy-Rangel MD, Quintana-Obregón EA, Rivera-Vargas G, Volke-Haller VH (2023). Diagnóstico de la cadena productiva del mango en el estado de Guerrero [Diagnosis of the mango production chain in the state of Guerrero]. Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A. C. Coordinación, Culiacán, Sinaloa, México pp 79.

San Martín-Hernández C, Ordaz-Chaparro VM, Sánchez-García P, Beryl Colinas-Leon MT, Borges-Gómez L (2012). Calidad de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum L.) producido en hidroponia con diferentes granulometrías de tezontle [Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) quality produced in hydroponics with different particle sizes of tezontle]. Agrociencia 46(3):243-254. https://www.scielo.org.mx/pdf/agro/v46n3/v46n3a4.pdf

Sarker BC, Rahim MA (2013). Yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L.) as influenced by foliar application of potassium nitrate and urea. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 38(1):145-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjar.v38i1.15201

Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera (SIAP) (2021). Cierre de la producción agrícola: anuario estadístico de la producción agrícola (mango ‘Ataulfo’) [Closing of the agricultural production: Statistical yearbook of agricultural production (‘Ataulfo’ mango)]. Retrieved 2023 September 21 from https://nube.siap.gob.mx/cierreagricola/

Siller-Cepeda J, Muy-Rangel D, Báez-Sañudo M, Araiza-Lizarde E, Ireta-Ojeda A (2009). Calidad poscosecha de cultivares de mango de maduración temprana, intermedia y tardía [Postharvest quality of mango cultivars of early, middle and late seasons]. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 32(1):45-52. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=61011105006

Torres P, Aular J, Rengel M, Montaño J, Rodríguez Y (2009). Correlación entre la calidad de la fruta del naranjo y los macronutrimentos, considerando el balance de los nutrimentos a través de relaciones binarias [Correlation between orange fruit quality and micronutrients considering the nutrient balance trough binary relationships]. Revista Científica UDO Agricola 9(1):21-28. https://dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/3293685.pdf

Vallejo-Pérez MR, Nieto-Ángel D, Martínez-Damián MT, Mora-Aguilera JA, Téliz-Ortiz D, Nava-Díaz C (2009). El riego y fertilización en la calidad postcosecha del zapote mamey [Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) H. E. Moore & Stearn]. The irrigation and fertilization on postharvest quality of sapote mamey [Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) HE Moore & Stearn]. Revista Chapingo Serie Horticultura 15(1):91-100. https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=60913518013

Vélez JE, Álvarez-Herrera JG, Alvarado-Sanabria OH (2012). El Estrés Hídrico en Cítricos (Citrus spp.): Una revisión [Water stress on citric fruit (Citrus spp): a review]. Orinoquia 16(2):32-39. https://doi.org/10.22579/20112629.245

Venkatesan T, Tamilmani C (2011). Effect of ethrel on softening of off-season fruits of mango (Mangifera indica L. var. Neelum) during ripening. Current Botany 1(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILNS.7.1

Venkateswarlu K, Krishna RPS (2014). Mango: Carotenoids. International Journal of Pharmamedix India 2(2):741-744.

Villamizar-Vargas R, Quiceno-Gómez C, Giraldo-Giraldo G (2019). Cambios fisicoquímicos durante la maduración del mango Tommy Atkins en la poscosecha [Physicochemical changes during the maturation of the Tommy Atkins mango in the post harvest]. Revista UDCA Actualidad & Divulgación Científica 22(1).

Zainuri Z, Sjah T, Nurrachman N, Ayu C (2019). Mango off-season technology (MOST): Innovative, applicable, adaptive to climate change, and brings many positive impacts. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 2199, No. 1) AIP Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5141295car

Downloads

Published

2024-03-12

How to Cite

BAEZA-HERRERA, L., JAEN-CONTRERAS, D., SAN-MARTÍN-HERNÁNDEZ, C., CHÁVEZ-FRANCO, S. H., LOPÉZ-JIMÉNEZ, A., MURATALLA-LUA, A., & GARCIA-OSORIO, C. (2024). Changes in mango postharvest quality due to nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium dose and production season. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 52(1), 13522. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha52113522

Issue

Section

Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha52113522

Most read articles by the same author(s)