Battling arid adversity: unveiling the resilience of cotton in the face of drought and innovative mitigation approaches


  • Ayesha BIBI University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Botany, 38000 Faisalabad (PK)
  • Wang LIHONG Baicheng Normal University, College of Tourism and Geographic Science, Baicheng 137000, Jilin (CN)
  • Athar MAHMOOD University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Agronomy, 38000 Faisalabad (PK)
  • Muhammad M. JAVAID University of Sargodha, College of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Sargodha (PK)
  • Basharat ALI Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Rahim Yar Khan 62400 (PK)
  • Muhammad YASIN University of Sargodha, College of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Sargodha (PK)
  • Kashif KAMRAN University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Physics, 38000 Faisalabad (PK)
  • Bilal A. KHAN University of Sargodha, College of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Sargodha (PK)
  • Adnan RASHEED Hunan Agricultural University, College of Agronomy, Changsa 410128 (CN)
  • Muhammad U. HASSAN Jiangxi Agricultural University, Research Center on Ecological Sciences, Nanchang (CN)
  • Abeer HASHEM King Saud University, College of Science, Botany and Microbiology Department, P.O. Box. 2460, Riyadh 11451 (SA)
  • Mouna MECHRI National Institute of Field Crops, Boussalem 8170 (TN)
  • Elsayed F. ABD_ALLAH King Saud University, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Plant Production Department, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451 (SA)



Crisper/Cas gene, drought stress, fiber quality, management strategies, source sink relationship


Climate change has had significant impacts on agriculture, particularly on cotton production, where drought has emerged as a major threat worldwide. Long and intense dry periods in cotton-growing regions have become more frequent and severe. Drought stress severely affects various aspects of cotton plants, including chlorophyll pigments, carbohydrate metabolism, and enzyme activities related to fiber development, such as vacuolar invertase and sucrose synthase. Furthermore, drought stress disrupts the movement of nutrients toward the reproductive tissues in cotton, resulting in compromised pollen function, propagative failure, and fiber characteristics. To tackle these issues, scientists have made advancements in creating drought-resistant cotton varieties through transgenic methods or molecular breeding techniques, genome editing, CRISPR/Cas9, utilizing quantitative trait loci (QTL). Moreover, the application of plant growth regulators and mineral elements has displayed the potential to improve cotton’s ability to endure drought stress while also enhancing fiber yield and quality. These approaches activate stress-responsive signaling pathways, which could contribute to mitigating reproductive failure and improving fiber characteristics. While the impact of drought stress on cotton plants has been extensively studied, the variations in fiber quality resulting from drought stress are not yet completely understood. Current research has been focused on unraveling the mechanisms underlying these changes, including the physiological, biochemical, and molecular alterations during the multiplicative growth phase that contribute to poor fiber development. Understanding these mechanisms will facilitate the development of novel strategies to alleviate the adverse impact of worldwide weather changes on cotton growth and fiber quality. This research focuses on the drought stress in cotton cultivation and explores its different effects on cotton morphology, physiology, crop yield, and fiber characteristics as well as mechanisms by which cotton exhibits drought tolerance and highlights innovative strategies to mitigate drought stress.


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How to Cite

BIBI, A., LIHONG, W., MAHMOOD, A., JAVAID, M. M., ALI, B., YASIN, M., KAMRAN, K., KHAN, B. A., RASHEED, A., HASSAN, M. U., HASHEM, A., MECHRI, M., & ABD_ALLAH, E. F. (2024). Battling arid adversity: unveiling the resilience of cotton in the face of drought and innovative mitigation approaches. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 52(1), 13468.



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DOI: 10.15835/nbha52113468

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