A different factor in the use of plants in landscape architecture: Sound (type, intensity and duration) in the example of Hyacinthus orientalis L.


  • Arzu ÇIĞ Siirt University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Kezer, Siirt (TR)
  • Arzu KOÇAK MUTLU Siirt University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Kezer, Siirt (TR)
  • Nazire MİKAİL Siirt University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Sciences, Kezer, Siirt (TR)




flower, growth, hyacinth, intensity, landscaping, sound


The effect of music on people has been known for years and is still being researched from different aspects. The effects of music and sound waves on ornamental plants, whose effects on some vegetables, fruits and grains are examined, are also inquired.  Especially the positive change in the development and showiness of the flowers of ornamental plant species with commercial importance will increase the market value of the plant. Again, with the effect of this sound wave, in order for the plants and their flowers to show the expected development, they should benefit from the planting environment and growing conditions at the maximum level.  In the measurements taken from hyacinths (Hyacinthus orientalis L.) at the end of the duration that the plants were exposed to different types of sounds in different intensities, it was observed that these factors positively affected these parameters successively; 1 hour of bird sound in 50 dB, the number of leaves; 1 hour of bird sound in 90 dB, leaf width and floret length; 3 hours of bird sound in 70 dB,  floret number; 3 hours of bird sound in 90 dB, the plant and flower height; 1 hour of bee sound in 50 dB, the stem thickness; 3 hours of vehicle sound in 50 dB,  flower and floret width; 3 hours of vehicle sound in 70 dB,  leaf length. At the end of the study, whereas it was determined that the bee sound had the least effect on the growth and flowering of the hyacinth, it was observed that the bird and vehicle sounds, that the plants were expose to in different intensities and durations, had a positive effect.


Anonymous (2017). Investigating the effects of sound energy on plant growth. TDSC2172/ SP2172-Investigating Science. Theme: Energy, Project Report. Mynn, T. S., Shiqin, H., Jean Mentor: Dr. Ong Bee Lian, 23. Retrieved 2023 January 25th from: https://milbert.com/Files/articles/BiologyBotanyCymatics/Tanshen-study_music_plants_2009.pdf

Aşur F (2019). Ornamental plants which can be used in visual landscape improvement in cold climate regions. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 14(4):152-159.

Aşur F (2022). Determination of user preferences on visual landscape at urban context: Van/Edremit (Turkey) Example. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 31(2):1543-1550. https://doi.org/10.15244/pjoes/140169

Aşur F, Akpinar Kulekci E, Perihan M (2022). The role of urban landscapes in the formation of urban identity and urban memory relations: the case of Van/Turkey. Planning Perspectives 37(4):841-857. https://doi.org/10.1080/02665433.2022.2090418

Bache DH, MacAskill IA (1984). Vegetation in Civil and Landscape Engineering. Granada, London, pp 317.

Benford MS (2002). Implications of plant genome research to alternative therapies: A case for radiogenic metabolism in humans. Journal of Theoretics 4(6):1-14.

Bochu W, Hucheng Z, Yiyao L, Yi J, Sakanishi A (2001). The effects of alternative stress on the cell membrane deformability of Chrysanthemum callus cells. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 20:321-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7765(00)00181-8

Braam J, Davis RW (1990). Rain-, wind-, and touch-induced expression of calmodulin and calmodulin-related genes in Arabidopsis. Cell 60(3):357-364. https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(90)90587-5

Chivukula V, Ramaswamy S (2014). Effect of different types of music on Rosa chinensis plants. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 5(5):431-434. https://doi.org/10.7763/IJESD.2014.V5.522

Chowdhury AR, Gupta A (2015). Effect of music on plants – an overview. International Journal of Integrative Sciences, Innovation and Technology (IJIIT) 4(6):30-34.

Creath K, Schwartz G (2004). Measuring effects of music, noise, and healing energy using a seed germination bioassay. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 1(1):113-122. https://doi.org/10.1089/107555304322849039

Düzgüneş A, Kesici, OT, Kavuncu O, Gürbüz F (1987). Research and Experiment Methods II (Statistical Methods). Ankara Univ. Agr. Fac. Publ. No: 1021, Ankara, pp 381. (in Turkish)

El-Naby A, Zeinab M, Sakr HO (2012). Influence of ecological factors on seed setting and fertility of five Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) cultivars. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research 2(4):388-395.

Gagliano M (2013). Green symphonies: a call for studies on acoustic communication in plants. Behavioral Ecology 24(4):789-796. https://doi.org/10.1093/beheco/ars206

Hicks C (1963). Growing corn to music. Popular Mechanics 183:118-121.

Hou TZ, Luan JY, Wang JY, Li MD (1994). Experimental evidence of a plant meridien system III. the sound chracteristics of Phylodendron (Alocasia) and the effects of acupuncture on those properties. The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 22(3-4):205-214. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X94000267

Johnson KA, Sistrunk ML, Polisensky DH, Braam J (1998). Arabidopsis thaliana response to mechanical stimulation do not require ETR1 or EIN2. Plant Physiology 116(2):643-649. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.116.2.643

Kristen U (1997). Use of higher plants as screens for toxicity assessment. Toxicology in Vitro 11(1-2):181-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0887-2333(97)00005-2

Martens MJ, Michelsen A (1981). Absorption of acoustic energy by plant leaves. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 69(1):303-306. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.385313

Pixton M (1977). Plant growth in a sound polluted environment. Botany and Plant Science Department, Brigham Young University.

Qin YC, Lee WC, Choi YC, Kim TW (2003). Biochemical and physiological changes in plants as a result of different sonic exposures. Ultrasonics 41(5):407-411. https://doi.org/0.1016/s0041-624x(03)00103-3

R Core Team (2021). R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Retrieved 2022 May 1st from: https://www.R-project.org/

Raghav A, Kasera PK (2012). Seed germination behaviour of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) under in-vivo and in-vitro conditions. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research 2(4):409-413.

Sharma D, Gupta UA, Fernandes J, Mankad A, Solanki HA (2015). The effect of music on physico-chemical parameters of selected plants. Internationa Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences 5(1):282-287.

Singh A, Jalan A, Chatterjee J (2013). Effect of sound on plant growth. Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research 3(4):28-30.

Spillane M (1991). Brawe New Waves. TCI for Plants. No. 6:36. Retrieved 2023 January 23 from: http://originalsonicbloom.com/published/bravenewwaves1991.html

Tianzhen H, Baoming L, Guanghui T, Qing Z, Yingping X, Lirong Q (2009). Application of acoustic frequency technology to protected vegetable production. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 25(2):156-159. (in Chinese)

Tuncer B (2017). Investigation of the in vitro regeneration of some medical and aromatic wild plant species. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 15(4):905-914. http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1504_905914

Vanol D, Vaidya R (2014). Effect of types of sound (music and noise) and varying frequency on growth of guar or cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) seed germination and growth of plants. Quest 2(3):9-14.

Winer BJ (1962). Statistical Principles in Experimental Design. McGraw-Hill, Inc. USA.

Xiao H (1990). Vegetables and music. Pictorial Science 6:36.

Xiaocheng Y, Bochu W, Chuanren D, Yi J (2003). Effects of sound stimulation on ATP content of Actinidia chinensis callus. hongguo Sheng wu Gong Cheng za zhi= Journal of Chinese Biotechnology 23(5):95-97.

Yang XC, Wang BC, Ye M (2004). Effects of different sound intensities on roots development of Actinidia chinensis plantlet. Chinise Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology 10:274-276 (in Chinese).

Yi J, Bochu W, Xiujuan W, Daohong W, Chuanren D, Toyama Y, Sakanishi A (2003). Effect of sound wave on the metabolism of Chrysanthemum roots, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 29(2-3):115-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7765(02)00155-8

Yiyao L, Wang B, Xuefeng L, Chuanren D, Sakanishi A (2002). Effects of sound field on the growth of Chrysanthemum callus. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 24(3-4):321-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-7765(01)00275-2

Yuca N, Aşur F (2022). Visual landscape quality assessment in the example of Van Yüzüncü Yıl University-Ferit Melen Airport highway route. Journal of Ege University Faculty of Agriculture 59(1):135-145. https://doi.org/10.20289/zfdergi.850123 (in Turkish)

Additional Files



How to Cite

ÇIĞ, A., KOÇAK MUTLU, A., & MİKAİL, N. (2023). A different factor in the use of plants in landscape architecture: Sound (type, intensity and duration) in the example of Hyacinthus orientalis L . Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(3), 13271. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51313271



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51313271