Triterpenoid saponins in Aralia elata subjected to combined nutrient availability and light quality

Authors

  • Yuxiang SUN Jilin University, School of Business and Management, Department of Human Resources Management, Changchun 130021 (CN)
  • Mingyang SUN Jilin Jianzhu University, College of Art and Design, Changchun, 130118 (CN)
  • Huijia QIU Jilin University, School of Business and Management, Department of Human Resources Management, Changchun 130021 (CN)
  • Long TAN Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Harbin 150040; Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Key Laboratory of Basic and Application Research of Beiyao, Ministry of Education, Harbin 150040 (CN)
  • Shenglei GUO Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, College of Pharmacy, Harbin 150040; Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Key Laboratory of Basic and Application Research of Beiyao, Ministry of Education, Harbin 150040 (CN)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51113036

Keywords:

Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem, araloside, fertility, light quality, triterpene saponins

Abstract

Combined light spectra and nitrogen (N) availability may modify contents of triterpenoid saponins (TSs) in leaves of Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem. In this study, A. elata seedlings were raised under light-emitting diode spectra in red- (26.6% red, 59.9% green, and 13.5% blue) and green-colours (12.6% red, 84.6% green, and 2.9% blue) both at a photosynthetic photon flux density of about 77.4 µmol m-2 s-1. N availability was employed at low and high rates of 30 and 90 mg kg-1, respectively. Aralosides-A and -VI did not show any responses to either light or N treatments (ranges of 1.98‒3.75 mg g-1 and 0.21‒1.41 mg g-1, respectively). Compared to the green light, the red light resulted in greater growth but lower foliar N assimilation and aralosides-B (~0.7 mg g-1) and -V concentrations (~16 mg kg-1). The high N availability resulted in greater growth, biomass, foliar chlorophyl and protein concentrations but lower N assimilation and TS concentrations. We conclude that araloside B can be taken as an objective TS harvested in A. elata food-used leaves as a bioactive compound that can be adjusted by light and N manipulations.

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Published

2023-03-15

How to Cite

SUN, Y., SUN, M., QIU, H., TAN, L., & GUO, S. (2023). Triterpenoid saponins in Aralia elata subjected to combined nutrient availability and light quality. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(1), 13036. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51113036

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Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51113036