Utilization of jojoba oil and salicylic acid as postharvest treatment on storability and fruit quality of ‘Late Swelling’ peach cultivar


  • Khalid S. ALSHALLASH Imam Mohammed Bin Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), College of Science and Humanities - Huraymila, Riyadh Province 11432 (SA)
  • Ibrahim A. ELNAGGAR Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Cairo 11884 (EG)
  • Abd El-wahed N. ABD EL-WAHED Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Cairo 11884 (EG)
  • Ashraf E. HHMDY Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Cairo 11884 (EG) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1984-2585
  • Hosny F. ABDEL-AZIZ Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Cairo 11884 (EG)
  • Magdy A. OMAR Al-Azhar University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Botany, Cairo 11884 (EG)




antioxidant activity, coating, Prunus persica, shelf-life


The ‘Late-Swelling’ peach is an important cultivar due to its attributes of fruit quality, such as handling ability and late harvest season. Peaches rapidly deteriorate during storage, which shortens their shelf-life. The preservation of quality traits of ‘Late-Swelling’ peach during handling and storage investigated. Fruits harvested in the early ripe stage (last week of June) were either dipped in jojoba oil (JO) 500, 1000, and 1500 ppm and salicylic acid (SA) 100, 200, and 300 ppm, then stored at 5+1 °C and 85% RH for 35 days besides 7 days as shelf-life the fruits were examined every 7 days until the end of the experiment. Positive influences were observed for JO and SA on the different chemical and physical characteristics of the peach fruits under study especially those related to storability and fruit quality. All fruits treated with JO 1500 and 1000 ppm, and SA 300 ppm maintained the fruit firmness, hº, total acidity, and ascorbic acid over the whole storage period, in addition to the lowest decay and weight loss, as well as maintaining the fruit sensory quality and decreased peroxidase [PPO] activity while increasing polyphenol oxidase [POD], catalase [CAT], and ascorbate peroxidase [APX] activities compared with the control at the end of shelf-life period. In conclusion, our results suggest using JO and SA to enhance and prolong the storability of peach fruits at 5+1 °C and 85% RH.


Abd El-Gawad G, El-Moghazy T (2018). Extracting some essential oils and studying their effects on extending storage life and improving quality of ‘Florida Prince’ peach fruits. Middle East Journal 7(4):1545-1560.‏

Abdel-Salam MM (2016). Improving grapefruit quality during storage life by using some coating materials on different temperature. Middle East Journal 5(1):29-36.

Aboryia MS, Omar AS (2020) Effectiveness of some edible coatings on storage ability of Zaghloul date palm fruits. Journal of Plant Production, Mansoura University 11(12):1477-1485.

Aebi H (1984). Catalase in vitro. In: Methods in Enzymology 105:121-126. https://doi.org10.1016/s0076-6879(84)05016-3

Ali A, Maqbool M, Alderson PG, Zahid N (2013). Effect of gum Arabic as an edible coating on antioxidant capacity of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruit during storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology 76:119-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2012.09.011

Ali A, Maqbool M, Ramachandran S, Alderson PG (2010). Arabic gum as a novel edible coating for enhancing shelf-life and improving postharvest quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicun L.) fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 58(1):42-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.05.005

Antunes M, Cavaco A (2010). The use of essential oils for postharvest decay control. A review. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 25:351-366. https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1986

AOAC (2005). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 18th Ed, Washington, D.C., USA.

Badawy MEI, Rabea EI, El-Nouby M, Ismail RIA, Taktak NEM (2016). Strawberry shelf-life, composition, and enzymes activity in response to edible chitosan coatings. International Journal of Fruit Science 17:1-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/15538362.2016.1219290

Baibakova EV, Nefedjeva EE, SuskaMalawska M, Wilk M, Zheltobriukhov VF (2019). Modern fungicides: Mechanisms of action, fungal resistance and phytotoxic effects. Annual Research & Review in Biology 32:1-16. https://dx.doi.org/10.9734/arrb

Baldwin EA, Niesperos MO, Shaw PE, Burns JK (1995). Effect of coatings and prolonged storage conditions on fresh orange flavour volatiles, degrees brix and ascorbic acid levels. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 43(5):1321-1331. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00053a037

Bill M (2012). Advancing harvesting maturity and improving storability of ‘Triumph’ persimmons. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agri-Sciences, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. Bioprocess Technology 6:303-329.

Bisen A, Pandey SK (2008). Effect of postharvest treatment on biochemical composition and organoleptic quality in Kagzi lime fruit during storage. Journal of Horticultural Sciences 3(1):53-56.

Chakraborty S, Mukherjee A, Khuda-Bukhsh AR, Das TK (2014). Cadmium-induced oxidative stress tolerance in cadmium resistant Aspergillus foetidus: its possible role in cadmium bioremediation. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 106:46-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.04.007

Chance B, Maehly A (1955). Assay of catalases and peroxidases. Methods in Enzymology 2:764-775. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470110171.ch14

Chen L, Zhao X, Wu J E, He Y, Yang H (2020). Metabolic analysis of salicylic acid-induced chilling tolerance of banana using NMR. Food Research International 128:108796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108796

Chiabrando V, Giacalone G (2016). Effect of edible coatings on quality maintenance of fresh-cut nectarines Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 28(3):201-207. https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.2015-09-771

Dat I, Vandenabeele S, Vra Nova E, Vanmontagu M, Inze D, Vanbreusegem F (2000). Dual action of the active oxygen species during plant stress responses. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 57:779-795. https://doi.org/10.1007/s000180050041

Ding P, Ding Y (2020). Stories of salicylic acid: A plant defense hormone. Trends in Plant Science 25(6):549-565. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2020.01.004

Duckworth HW, Coleman JE (1970). Physicochemical and kinetic properties of mushroom tyrosinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 245(7):1613-1625.

El-Abbasy UK, Abd El-Khalek AF, Mohamed MI (2018). Postharvest applications of 1-methylcyclopropene and salicylic acid for maintaining quality and enhancing antioxidant enzyme activity of apricot fruits cv. ‘Canino’ during cold storage. Egyptian Journal of Horticulture 45:1-23. https://doi.org/10.21608/EJOH.2017.2405.1037

El-Dengawy EF, Niamatt-AllahM M, Wanas ALI, Saima AMA (2018). Physical and physiological effects of pre-and postharvest treatments using calcium chloride and jojoba oil on the guava fruits storage. Journal of Plant Production 9(8):649-655. https://doi.org/10.21608/JPP.2018.36382

El-Emam MA, Ahmed SF, Sabah MA, Nasif S, Shi W, Zhou L (2019). Design and construction of a pneumatic harvesting and cleaning machine for jojoba seeds. Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food 12(4):451-459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eaef.2019.08.001

El-Motty EZA, El-Faham SY (2013). Effect of oil coating and different wrapping materials on prolonging storage periods of Florida prince peach fruits. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 9(4):2927-2937.

Elnaggar IA, Fahmy MA, Abd-Alrazik AM, Sultan MZ (2021). Effect of some postharvest treatments with edible coating materials on storability and quality of Murcott tangor fruits during cold storage. Al-Azhar Journal of Agricultural Research 46(1):16-27. https://doi.org/10.21608/ajar.2021.218193

FAO (2011). Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations internet site. Agricultural statistics. https://www.fao.org

Ghasemnezhad M, Shiri MA, Sanavi M (2010). Effect of chitosan coatings on some quality indices of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) during cold storage. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences 8:25-33.

Hassan ZH, Lesmayati S, Qomariah R, Hasbianto A (2014). Effects of wax coating applications and storage temperatures on the quality of tangerine citrus (Citrus reticulata) var. Siam Banjar. International Food Research Journal 21(2):641-648.

Hassanpour H, Hamidoghli Y, hajilou J, Adlipour M (2011). Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical properties of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) genotypes in Iran. Scientia Horticulturae 129:459-463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.04.017

Hayat S, Ahmad A, Alyemeni MN (2013). Salicylic acid: Plant growth and development. Springer.

Khademi Z, Ershadi A (2013). Postharvest application of salicylic acid improves storability of peach (Prunus persica cv Elberta) fruits. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Science 5:651- 655.

Khalifa SM, Hamdy AE (2018). Effect of some pre-harvest treatments on yield and fruit quality of ‘Swelling’ peach trees. Annals of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor 56(2):397-404. https://doi.org/10.21608/assjm.2018.116148

Lawless HT, Heymann H (2010). Sensory evaluation of food: principles and practices. Springer Science and Business Media.

Liplap P (2013). Respiration rate in transient period, its implication on the effect of hyperbaric pressure treatment; the treatment advantage in shelf-life extension of various commodities. PhD thesis, University, Montreal Quebec, Canada.

Mihaylova D, Popova A, Desseva I, Manolov I, Petkova N, Vrancheva R, Zhivondov A (2021). Comprehensive evaluation of late season peach varieties (Prunus persica L.): fruit nutritional quality and phytochemicals. Molecules 26(9):2818.‏ https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092818

Nakano Y, Asada K (1981). Hydrogen peroxide is scavenged by ascorbate-specific peroxidase in spinach chloroplasts. Plant and Cell Physiology 22:867-880. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a076232

Nasrin TAA, Rahman MA, Arfin MS, Islam MN, Ullah MA (2020). Effect of novel coconut oil and beeswax edible coating on postharvest quality of lemon at ambient storage. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research 2:100019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2019.100019

Obenland D, Collin S, Sievert J, Fjeld K, Doctor J, Arpaia M L (2008). Commercial packing and storage of navel oranges alters aroma volatiles and reduces flavor quality. Postharvest Biology and Technology 47:159-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2007.06.015

Prodhan MY, Munemasa S, Nahar MN, Nakamura Y, Murata Y (2018). Guard cell salicylic acid signaling is integrated into abscisic acid signaling via the Ca2+/CPK- dependent pathway. Plant Physiology 178(1):441-450. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.18.00321

Raskin I (1992). Salicylate, a new plant hormone. Plant Physiology 99:799-803. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.99.3.799

Razavi F, Hajilou J, Aghdam MS (2018). Salicylic acid treatment of peach trees maintains nutritional quality of fruits during cold storage. Advances in Horticultural Science 32(1):33-40. https://doi.org/10.13128/ahs-21323

Saeed M, Salah Y, Marzouk H, Kassem H (2019). Late Swelling peaches storability improvement with chitosan and modified atmosphere packing. International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology 05(10):12-21.

Saif MI (2022). Reducing fruit quality losses in peach fruits and increasing profitability during postharvest storage using salicylic acid and aspirin. Egyptian Journal of Horticulture 49(1):35-57. https://doi.org/10.21608/EJOH.2021.102605.1189

Shokri Heydari H, Askari Sarcheshmeh MA, Babalar M, Ranjbar Malidarreh T, Ahmadi A (2020). Effect of pre-harvest salicylic acid and iron treatments on postharvest quality of peach fruits. International Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology 7(2):187-198. https://doi.org/10.22059/IJHST.2020.229309.183

Singleton V, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Ravento´s R (1999). Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. In: Packer L (Ed). Oxidants and antioxidants. Part A. Methods in Enzymology 299:152-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(99)99017-1

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG (1989). Statistical methods. 7th Ed. The Iowa State University Press. Press Amers., Iowa, U.S.A., pp 507.

Sturtevant D, Lu S, Zhou ZW, Shen Y, Wang S, Song JM, … Guo L (2020). The genome of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis): A taxonomically isolated species that directs wax ester accumulation in its seeds. Science Advances 6(11):eaay3240. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay3240

Tahereh Boshadi F, Moradinezhad M, Jahani M (2018). Effect of pre- and postharvest application of salicylic acid on quality attributes and decay of pomegranate fruit (cv. Shishe- Kab). Journal of Applied Horticulture 20(2):154-160. https://doi.org/10.37855/jah.2018.v20i02.27

Taheri A, Behnamian M, Dezhsetan S, Karimirad R (2020). Shelf-life extension of bell pepper by application of chitosan nanoparticles containing Heracleum persicum fruit essential oil. Postharvest Biology and Technology 170:111313. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2020.111313

Tang T, Huang DW, Zhou CQ, Li X, Xie QJ, Liu FS (2012). Molecular cloning and expression patterns of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase and manganese superoxide dismutase in Musca domestica. Gene 505(2):211-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2012.06.025

Tareen MJ, Abbasi NA, Hafiz IA (2012). Effect of salicylic acid treatments on storage life of peach fruits cv. ‘Flordaking’. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44(1):119-124.‏

Tietel Z, Lewinsohn E, Fallik E, Porat R (2012). Importance of storage temperatures in maintaining flavor and quality of mandarins. Postharvest Biology and Technology 64(1):175-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2011.07.009

Wolucka BA, Goossens A, Inze D (2005). Methyl jasmonate stimulates the de novo biosynthesis of vitamin C in plant cell suspensions. Journal of Experimental Botany 56(419):2527-2538. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eri246

Xu X, Tian S (2008). Salicylic acid alleviated pathogen-induced oxidative stress in harvested sweet cherry fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology 49:379-385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2008.02.003

Yang H, Wu F, Cheng J (2011). Reduced chilling injury in cucumber by nitricoxide and the antioxidant response. Food Chemistry 127:1237-1242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.02.011



How to Cite

ALSHALLASH, K. S., ELNAGGAR, I. A., ABD EL-WAHED, A. E.- wahed N., HHMDY, A. E., ABDEL-AZIZ, H. F., & OMAR, M. A. (2023). Utilization of jojoba oil and salicylic acid as postharvest treatment on storability and fruit quality of ‘Late Swelling’ peach cultivar. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 51(2), 12999. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha51212999



Research Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha51212999

Most read articles by the same author(s)