Insights into the functional role of tea microbes on tea growth, quality and resistance against pests and diseases


  • Xiaoyang ZHANG Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045; Jiujiang Agricultural Technology Extension Centre, Jiujiang 332000 (CN)
  • Haozhi LONG Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045 (CN)
  • Da HUO Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045; College of Tea and Food Science (Wuyi University), Nanping 354300 (CN)
  • Masood I. AWAN University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Agronomy, Sub-Campus Depalpur, Okara, Faisalabad (PK)
  • Jinhua SHAO Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045; China Guangxi Hydraulic Research Institute, Key Laboratory of Water Engineering Materials and Structures, Nanning, 530023 (CN)
  • Athar MAHMOOD University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Agronomy, Faisalabad (PK)
  • Shuang LIU Jiujiang Agricultural Technology Extension Centre, Jiujiang 332000 (CN)
  • Jigang HUANG Jiujiang Agricultural Technology Extension Centre, Jiujiang 332000 (CN)
  • Alia PARVEEN University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Department of Agronomy, Sub-Campus Depalpur, Okara, Faisalabad (PK)
  • Muhammad AAMER Jiangxi Agriculture University, Research Center on Ecological Sciences, Nanchang 330045 (CN)
  • Muhammad U. HASSAN Jiangxi Agriculture University, Research Center on Ecological Sciences, Nanchang 330045 (CN)



AMF, disease, growth, microbes, quality, tea


Tea is an economical and most widely used beverage across the globe owing to its unique fragrance and flavor. Plant microbe interaction has emerged as an important topic which got the attention of scientists to improve plant performance. Tea microbes remained a prominent research topic for scientists over the years as tea microbes helps in nutrient cycling and stress management which in turn improve the tea growth, yield and quality. The roots of tea plants are colonized by various microbes including arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), bacterial communities, and endophytes increase root growth, development and nutrient uptake which in turn improve tea growth, yield and quality. These microbes also increase the concentration of nutrients, amino acids, soluble proteins, flavonoids, catechuic acid, glucose, fructose, sucrose contents caffeine, and polyphenols concentration in tea plants. Besides this, these microbes also protect the tea plants from harmful pest and diseases which in turn leads to an appreciable improvement in plant growth and development. The most important goal of any farming system is to establish a system with production of maximum food while minimizing impacts on the environment. The present review article highlights the role of various microbes in improving the growth, yield and quality of tea plants. In addition, we also discussed the research gaps to improve our understanding about the role of tea microbes in improving tea growth, yield, pest and diseases resistance. We believe that this review will provide a better insight into the existing knowledge of tea microbes in improving tea growth and yield.


Abbasi H, Akhtar A, Sharf R (2015). Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi: a tool for sustainable agriculture. American Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization Technology 5(2):40-49.

Adesemoye AO, Kloepper JW (2009). Plant-microbes interactions in enhanced fertilizer-use efficiency. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 85(1):1-12.

Ali M, Islam M, Saha N, Kanan AH (2014). Effects of microclimatic parameters on tea leaf production in different tea estates in Bangladesh. World Journal of Agriculture and Soil Science 10:134-140.

Alurappa R, Chowdappa S, Narayanaswamy R, Sinniah UR, Mohanty, SK, Swamy MK (2018). Endophytic fungi and bioactive metabolites production: an update. Microbial Biotechnology Springer, Singapore 455-482.

Anita S, Ponmurugan P, Ganesh BR (2012). Significance of secondary metabolites and enzymes secreted by Trichoderma atroviride isolates for the biological control of Phomopsis canker disease. African Journal of Biotechnology 11:10350-10357.

Arafat Y, Ud Din I, Tayyab M, Jiang Y, Chen T, Cai Z, … Lin S (2020). Soil sickness in aged tea plantation is associated with a shift in microbial communities as a result of plant polyphenol accumulation in the tea gardens. Frontiers in Plant Science 11:601.

Bag S, Mondal A, Banik A (2022). Exploring tea (Camellia sinensis) microbiome: Insights into the functional characteristics and their impact on tea growth promotion. Microbiological Research 254:126890.

Banik A, Chattopadhyay A, Ganguly S, Mukhopadhyay SK (2019a). Characterization of a tea pest specific Bacillus thuringiensis and identification of its toxin by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Industrial Crops and Products 137:549-556.

Banik A, Dash GK, Swain P, Kumar U, Mukhopadhyay SK, Dangar TK (2019b). Application of rice (Oryza sativa L.) root endophytic diazotrophic Azotobacter sp. Strain Avi2 (MCC 3432) can increase rice yield under green house and field condition. Microbiological Research 219:56-65.

Banik A, Ganguly S, Mukhopadhyay, BB, Mukhopadhyay SK (2014). A new report on rapid, cheap and easily extractable mass spore production of Beauveria bassiana using recyclable polyurethane foams as support medium. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research 4:1-6.

Barthakur BK (2011). Recent approach of Tocklai to plant protection in tea in North-east India. Science and Culture 77:381-384.

Baslam M, Garmendia I, Goicoechea N (2013). The arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis can overcome reductions in yield and nutritional quality in greenhouse-lettuces cultivated at inappropriate growing seasons. Scientia Horticulturae 164:145-154.

Begum N, Qin C, Ahanger MA, Raza S, Khan MI, Ashraf M, …. Zhang L (2019). Role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant growth regulation: implications in abiotic stress tolerance. Frontiers in Plant Science 10:1068.

Benizri E, Baudoin E, Guckert A (2001). Root colonization by inoculated plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Biocontrol Science and Technology11(5):557-74.

Bhardwaj D, Ansari MW, Sahoo RK, Tuteja N (2014). Biofertilizers function as key player in sustainable agriculture by improving soil fertility, plant tolerance and crop productivity. Microbial Cell Factories 13:66.

Bhattacharyya C, Banerjee S, Acharya U, Mitra A, Mallick I, Haldar A, … Ghosh A (2020). Evaluation of plant growth promotion properties and induction of antioxidative defense mechanism by tea rhizobacteria of Darjeeling. India. Scientific reports 10(1):1-19.

Bhattacharyya PN, Jha DK (2012). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): Emergence in agriculture. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 28:1327-1350.

Bhattacharyya PN, Sarmah SR (2018). The role of microbes in tea cultivation. Global Tea Science. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, pp 155-188.

Bhattacharyya PN, Sarmah SR, Dutta P, Tanti AJ (2015). Emergence in mapping microbial diversity in tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) soil of Assam, North-East India: A novel approach. Emergence 3(12).

Bhattacharyya PN, Tanti B, Barman P, Jha DK (2014). Culture-independent metagenomic approach to characterize the surface and subsurface soil bacterial community in the Brahmaputra valley, Assam, North-East India, an Indo-Burma mega-biodiversity hotspot. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 30:519-28.

Bora P, Bora LC (2021). Microbial antagonists and botanicals mediated disease management in tea, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze: an overview. Crop Protection 105711.

Borah A, Das R, Mazumdar R, Thakur D (2019). Culturable endophytic bacteria of Camellia species endowed with plant growth promoting characteristics. Journal of Applied Microbiology 127(3):825-844.

Boruta T (2018). Uncovering the repertoire of fungal secondary metabolites: from Fleming’s laboratory to the International Space Station. Bioengineered 9(1):12-16.

Cakmakci R, Akçura S, Mustafa E (2021). Effect of co-inoculation of multi-traits bacteria based bio-formulations on the growth, yield and enzyme activities of tea. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 8:594-604.

Çakmakçı R, Dönmez MF, Ertürk Y, Erat M, Haznedar A, Sekban R (2010). Diversity and metabolic potential of culturable bacteria from the rhizosphere of Turkish tea grown in acidic soils. Plant and Soil 332:299-318.

Cernava T, Chen X, Krug L, Li H, Yang M, Berg G (2019). The tea leaf microbiome shows specific responses to chemical pesticides and biocontrol applications. Science of Total Environment 667:33-40.

Chakraborty U, Chakraborty B, Basnet M (2006). Plant growth promotion and induction of resistance in Camellia sinensis by Bacillus megaterium. Journal of Basic Microbiology 46(3):186-195.

Chakraborty U, Chakraborty BN, Chakraborty AP (2012). Induction of plant growth promotion in Camellia sinensis by Bacillus megaterium and its bioformulations. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8(1):104-112.

Chakraborty U, Chakraborty BN, Chakraborty AP, Sunar K, Dey PL (2013). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria mediated improvement of health status of tea plants. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 12:20-31.

Chandra R, Banik A (2021). Detoxification and bioconversion of arsenic and chromium. Nanobiotechnology. Elsevier, pp 253-270.

Chelangat A, Gweyi-Onyango JP, Korir NK, Mwangi M (2021). Influence of arbuscular mycorrhizae on callusing and root colonization of tea (Camellia sinensis) clones in Kenya. Asian Soil Research Journal 5:21-26. Https://

Chen D, Ding Y, Ye H, Sun Y, Zeng X (2020). Effect of long-term consumption of tea (Camellia sinensis L.) flower polysaccharides on maintaining intestinal health in BALB/c mice. Journal of Food Science 85(6):1948-1955.

Chen ZM, Lin Z (2015). Tea and human health: biomedical functions of tea active components and current issues. Journal of Zhejiang University-Science B16:87-102.

Chopra A, Vandana UK, Rahi P, Satpute S, Mazumder PB (2020). Plant growth promoting potential of Brevibacterium sediminis A6 isolated from the tea rhizosphere of Assam, India. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology 27:101610.

Dash B, Soni R, Kumar V, Suyal DC, Dash D, Goel R (2019). Mycorrhizosphere: microbial interactions for sustainable agricultural production. Mycorrhizosphere and Pedogenesis. Springer, Singapore, pp 321-338.

Dhar G, Mangar P, Saha A, Saha D (2018). Evaluation of the biocontrol efficacy of a Serratia marcescens strain indigenous to tea rhizosphere for the management of root rot disease in tea. PLoS One 13(2):e0191761.

Dodd IC, Ruiz-Lozano JM (2012). Microbial enhancement of crop resource use efficiency. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 23:236-242.

Dutta BK, Kashyap MP, Morang P, Kumar D (2012). Growth promotion and bi-control approaches of brown root rot disease of tea by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PM 105). Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology.

Dutta J, Handique PJ, Thakur D (2015). Assessment of culturable tea rhizobacteria isolated from tea estates of Assam, India for growth promotion in commercial tea cultivars. Frontiers in Microbiology 6:1252.

Erturk Y, Ercisli S, Sekban R, Haznedar A, Donmez MF (2008). The effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on rooting and root growth of tea (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis) cuttings. Romanian Biotechnological Letters 13:3747-3756.

Fang W, Yang L, Zhu X, Zeng L, Li X (2013). Seasonal and habitat dependent variations in culturable endophytes of Camellia sinensis. Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology 4(3):2157-471.

Fauziah F, Setiawati MR, Pranoto E, Susilowati DN, Rachmiati Y (2019). Effect of indigenous microbes on growth and blister blight disease of tea plant. Journal of Plant Protection Research 529-534.

Fernando WGD, Nakkeeran S, Zhang Y (2005). Biosynthesis of antibiotics by PGPR and its relation in biocontrol of plant diseases. In: Siddiqui ZA (Ed). PGPR: Biocontrol and Biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 67-109.

Gnanamangai BM, Ponmurugan P (2012). Evaluation of various fungicides and microbial based biocontrol agents against bird’s eye spot disease of tea plants. Crop Protection 32:111-118.

Greenlon A, Chang PL, Damtew ZM, Muleta A, Carrasquilla-Garcia N, Kim D, … Patel JS (2019). Global-level population genomics reveals differential effects of geography and phylogeny on horizontal gene transfer in soil bacteria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 116(30):15200-15209.

Guo S, Wang Q, Tang L, Zhang T, Li J, Xiao Y, Gao Y, Bai J, Xiao B, Gong C (2021). Inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi reinforces tea plant’s tolerance to salinity. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 1-20.

Gurusubramanian G, Borthakur M, Sarmah M, Rahman A (2005). Pesticide selection, precautions, regulatory measures and usage. In: Dutta AK, Gurusubramanian G, Barthakur BK (Eds). Plant Protection in Tea. Assam Printing Works Private Ltd., TTRI, TRA, Jorhat, Assam, India pp 81-91.

Han L, Zhang H, Xu Y, Li Y, Zhou J (2021). Biological characteristics and salt-tolerant plant growth-promoting effects of an ACC deaminase-producing Burkholderia pyrrocinia strain isolated from the tea rhizosphere. Archives of Microbiology 1-12.

Hazarika LK, Bhuyan M, Hazarika BN (2009). Insect pests of tea and their management. Annual Review of Entomology 54:267-284.

Idris AL, Fan X, Muhammad MH, Guo Y, Guan X, Huang T (2020). Ecologically controlling insect and mite pests of tea plants with microbial pesticides: a review. Archives of Microbiology 1-10.

Kakoki S, Kamimuro T, Tsuda K, Sakamaki Y (2018). Use of a lower-volume, surface pesticide spray conserves spider assemblages in a tea field. Journal of Economic Entomology 111(4):1595-1604.

Khan T, Mahbub MDA, Shawon M, Ali NM, Apu B, Tahmina I, Saha ML (2017). Rhizosphere associated bacteria and soil physicochemical properties of tea garden. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 46(4):1389-1396.

Li Y, Li Z, Arafat Y, Lin W, Jiang Y, Weng B, Lin W (2017). Characterizing rhizosphere microbial communities in long-term monoculture tea orchards by fatty acid profiles and substrate utilization. European Journal of Soil Biology 81:48-54.

Li YC, Li Z, Li ZW, Jiang YH, Weng BQ, Lin WX (2016). Variations of rhizosphere bacterial communities in tea (Camellia sinensis L.) continuous cropping soil by high-throughput pyrosequencing approach. Journal of Applied Microbiology 121(3):787-799.

Li Q, Chai S, Li Y, Huang J, Luo Y, Xiao L, Liu Z (2018). Biochemical components associated with microbial community shift during the pile-fermentation of primary dark tea. Frontiers in Microbiology 9:1509.

Liu F, Weir BS, Damm U, Crous PW, Wang Y, Liu B, … Cai L (2015). Unravelling Colletotrichum species associated with Camellia: employing ApMat and GS loci to resolve species in the C. Gloeosporioides complex. Persoonia - Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi 35:63.

Liu J, Xiao B, Wang L, Zhou X (2014). Influence of AMF on salt tolerance of tea. Journal of Northwest A & F University-Natural Science Edition 42(3):220-234.

Liu J, Xiao B, Wang L, Li J, Pu G, Gao T, Liu W (2013). Influence of AM on the growth of tea plant and tea quality under salt stress. Journal of Tea Science 33:140-146.

Mareeswaran J, Nepolean P, Jayanthi R, Premkumar SA, Radhakrishnan B (2015). In vitro studies on branch canker pathogen (Macrophoma sp.) infecting tea. Journal of plant pathology and Microbiology 6:284.

Mei L, Yang X, Zhang S, Zhang T, Guo J (2019). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alleviate phosphorus limitation by reducing plant N: P ratios under warming and nitrogen addition in a temperate meadow ecosystem. Science of Total Environment 686:1129-1139.

Mia M, Shamsuddin ZH, Wahab Z, Marziah M (2010). Effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacterial (PGPR) inoculation on growth and nitrogen incorporation of tissue-cultured Musa plantlets under nitrogen-free hydroponics condition. AJCS 4:85-90.

Miransari M. (2011). Soil microbes and plant fertilization. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 92:875-885.

Mishra DJ, Singh R, Mishra UK, Kumar SS (2013). Role of bio-fertilizer in organic agriculture: A review. Research Journal of Recent Sciences 2: 239-41.

Mokhtar MM, El-Mougy NS (2014). Bio-compost application for controlling soil-borne plant pathogens - A review. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology 4:61-68.

Morang P, Dutta BK, Kumar, BS, Kashyap MP (2015). Growth promotion and bi-control approaches of brown root rot disease of tea by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PM 105). Plant Pathology & Microbiology 3(5):1000129.

Mu D, Pan C, Qi Z, Qin H, Li Q, Liang K, … Sun T (2021). Multivariate analysis of volatile profiles in tea plant infested by tea green leafhopper Empoasca onukii Matsuda. Plant Growth Regulation 95:111-120.

Nath R, Sharma GD, Barooah M (2015). Plant growth promoting endophytic fungi isolated from tea (Camellia sinensis) shrubs of Assam, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 13(3):877-891.

Nepolean P, Jayanthi R, Pallavi RV, Balamurugan A, Kuberan T, Beulah T, Premkumar R (2012). Role of biofertilizers in increasing tea productivity. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2(3):S1443-S1445.

Olanrewaju OS, Ayangbenro AS, Glick BR, Babalola OO (2019). Plant health: feedback effect of root exudates-rhizobiome interactions. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 103(3):1155-1166.

Pallavi RV, Nepolean P, lamurugan A, Jayanthi R, Beulah T, Premkumar R (2012). In vitro studies of biocontrol agents and fungicides tolerance against grey blight disease in tea. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 2(1):S435-8.

Pandey A, Singh S, Palni LMS (2013). Microbial inoculants to support tea industry in India. Indian Journal of Biotechnology 12:13-19.

Parada VD, Fuente DL, Landskron MK, Gonz´alez G, Quera MJ, Dijkstra R, … Hermoso MA (2019). Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs)-mediated gut epithelial and immune regulation and its relevance for inflammatory bowel diseases. Frontiers in Immunology 10:277.

Phour M, Sehrawat A, Sindhu SS, Glick BR (2020). Interkingdom signaling in plant-rhizomicrobiome interactions for sustainable agriculture. Microbiological Research 126589.

Phukan I, Madhab M, Bordoloi M, Sarmah SR, Dutta P, Begum R, ... Barthakur BK (2012). Exploitation of PGP microbes of tea for improvement of plant growth and pest suppression: a novel approach. Two and a Bud 59(1):69-74.

Premkumar R, Nepolean P, Vidhya Pallavi R, Balamurugan A, Jayanthi R (2012). Integrated disease management of grey blight in tea. Two and a Bud 59:27-30.

Rajendran K, Devaraj P (2004). Biomass and nutrient distribution and their return of Casuarina equisetifolia inoculated with bio-fertilizers in farm land. Biomass & Bioenergy 26:235-249.

Rungsirivanich P, Supandee W, Futui W, Chumsai-Na-Ayudhya V, Yodsombat C, Thongwai N (2020). Culturable bacterial community on leaves of Assam tea (Camellia sinensis var. assamica) in Thailand and human probiotic potential of isolated Bacillus spp. Microorganisms 8(10):1585.

Rustamova N, Bozorov K, Efferth T, Yili A (2020). Novel secondary metabolites from endophytic fungi: synthesis and biological properties. Phytochemistry Reviews 19(2):425-448.

Saha D, Mukhopadhyay A (2013). Insecticide resistance mechanisms in three sucking insect pests of tea in reference to North-East India; An appraisal. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 33(1):46-70.

Sanmartín C, Garmendia I, Romano B, Díaz M, Palop JA, Goicoechea N (2014). Mycorrhizal inoculation affected growth, mineral composition, proteins and sugars in lettuces biofortified with organic or inorganic selenocompounds. Scientia Horticulturae 180:40-51.

Saravanakumar D, Vijayakumar C, Kumar N, Samiyappan R (2007). PGPR induced defense responses in the tea plant against blister blight disease. Crop Protection 26:556-565.

Shan W, Zhou Y, Liu H, Yu X (2018). Endophytic actinomycetes from tea plants (Camellia sinensis): isolation, abundance, antimicrobial, and plant-growth-promoting activities. BioMed Research International 2018.

Shang J, Liu B (2021). Application of a microbial consortium improves the growth of Camellia sinensis and influences the indigenous rhizosphere bacterial communities. Journal of Applied Microbiology 130(6):2029-2040.

Shao YD, Hu XC, Wu QS, Yang TY, Srivastava AK, Zhang DJ Kuca K (2021). Mycorrhizas promote P acquisition of tea plants through changes in root morphology and P transporter gene expression. South African Journal of Botany 137:455-462.

Shao YD, Zhang DJ, Hu XC, Wu QS, Jiang CJ, Gao XB, Kuca K (2019). Arbuscular mycorrhiza improves leaf food quality of tea plants. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 47(3).

Shao YD, Zhang DJ, Hu XC, Wu QS, Jiang CJ, Xia TJ, … Kuča K (2018). Mycorrhiza-induced changes in root growth and nutrient absorption of tea plants. Plant, Soil and Environment 64(6):283-289.

Sharma D, Kayang H (2017). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze under greenhouse conditions. Journal of Experimental Biology 5:235-241.

Sharma E, Joshi R, Gulati A (2018). l-Theanine: an astounding sui generis integrant in tea. Food Chemistry 242:601-610.

Singh S, Pandey A, Kumar B, Palni LMS (2010). Enhancement in growth and quality parameters of tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] through inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in an acid soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils 46:427-433.

Sowndhararajan K, Marimuthu S, Manian S (2013). Integrated control of blister blight disease in tea using the biocontrol agent, Ochrobactrum anthropi strain BMO-111 with chemical fungicides. Journal of Applied Microbiology 114:1491-1499.

Trabelsi D, Mhamdi R (2013). Microbial inoculants and their impact on soil microbial communities: a review. BioMed Research International.

Tshikhudo PP, Ntushelo K, Mudau FN, Salehi B, Sharifi-Rad M, Martins N, Sharifi-Rad J (2019). Understanding Camellia sinensis using omics technologies along with endophytic bacteria and environmental roles on metabolism: a review. Applied Sciences (Basel) 9(2):281.

Vandana UK, Chopra A, Choudhury A, Adapa D, Mazumder PB (2018). Genetic diversity and antagonistic activity of plant growth promoting bacteria, isolated from tea-rhizosphere: a culture dependent study. Biomedical Research 29(4):853-864.

Vessey JK (2003). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers. Plant and Soil 255:571-86.

Wan X (2003). Tea Biochemistry, 3rd Edn, Vol. 76. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, pp 185.

Wang B (2019). Study on the correlation between microorganism and quality formation of pu’er tea during fermentation. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science: IOP Publishing), 032055.

Wang M, Deng B, Fu X, Sun H, Xu Z (2019). Characterizations of microbial diversity and machine oil degrading microbes in machine oil contaminated soil. Environmental Pollution 255:113190.

Wang M, Jiang P (2015). Colonization and diversity of AM fungi by morphological analysis on medicinal plants in southeast China. Transfusion and Apheresis Science 2015.

Wang M, Sun H, Xu L, Xu Z (2021). Bacterial diversity in tea plant (Camellia sinensis) rhizosphere soil from Qinling Mountains and its relationship with environmental elements. Plant and Soil 460(1):403-415.

Wardle DA, Bardgett RD, Klironomos JN, Setala H, van der Putten WH, Wall DH (2004). Ecological linkages between above ground and below ground biota. Science 304:1629-33.

Win PM, Matsumura E, Fukuda K (2017). Diversity of tea endophytic fungi: cultivar-and tissue preferences. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 16:677-695.

Wu QS, Shao YD, Gao XB, Xia TJ, Kuˇca K (2019). Characterization of AMF-diversity of endosphere versus rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis) crops. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(2):348-352.

Xie H, Feng X, Wang M, Wang Y, Kumar Awasthi, M, Xu P (2020). Implications of endophytic microbiota in Camellia sinensis: a review on current understanding and future insights. Bioengineered 11(1):1001-1015.

Yan X, Wang Z, Mei Y, Wang L, Wang X, … Wei C (2018). Isolation, diversity, and growth-promoting activities of endophytic bacteria from tea cultivars of Zijuan and Yunkang-10. Frontiers in Microbiology 9:1848.

Yu Y, Zhang J, Huang C, Hou X, Sun X, Xiao B (2018). Reference genes selection for quantitative gene expression studies in tea green leafhoppers, Empoasca onukii Matsuda. PLoS One 13(10):e0205182.

Zhao QH, Sun LT, Wang Y, Ding ZT, Li M (2014). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and nitrogen regimes on plant growth, nutrient uptake, and tea quality in Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. Journal of Plant Physiology 50(2):164-170.

Zubek S, Rola K, Szewczyk A, Majewska ML, Turnau K (2015). Enhanced concentrations of elements and secondary metabolites in Viola tricolor L. Induced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Plant Soil 390(1):129-142.



How to Cite

ZHANG, X., LONG, H., HUO, D., AWAN, M. I., SHAO, J., MAHMOOD, A., LIU, S., HUANG, J., PARVEEN, A., AAMER, M., & HASSAN , M. U. (2022). Insights into the functional role of tea microbes on tea growth, quality and resistance against pests and diseases. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(4), 12915.



Review Articles
DOI: 10.15835/nbha50312915

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>