Alleviating the adverse effects of plant pathogens, drought and salinity stress factors using plant growth promoting bacteria
Keywords:chlorophyll, drought, enzymes, hydrogen peroxide, pathogens, PGPB
Climate change is one of the most important threats to agricultural production, therefore, more attention must be paid to study the environmental stresses that affect plant production. Pathogen stress is one of the most important stresses that negatively affect growth and yield, also drought and salinity are very dangerous abiotic factors. Pathogens, drought and salinity stresses led to decrease morphological characters and yield production of plant. However, the application of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) positively affect morphological, physiological, and yield characters such as number of leaves, stem height, chlorophyll concentration, relative water content, antioxidant enzymes and crop yield. PGPB can play a pivotal role in facilitating nutrient uptake, bioactive compounds and scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) to control various pathogens and increase plant tolerance to drought and salinity stresses. Finally, the latest studies of these beneficial bacteria have been presented comprehensively under stress conditions to highlight the recent trends with the aim to maximize the crop production.
Aasfar A, Bargaz A, Yaakoubi K, Hilali A, Bennis I, Zeroual Y, Meftah K I (2021). Nitrogen fixing azotobacter species as potential soil biological enhancers for crop nutrition and yield stability. Frontiers in Microbiology 12:354. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.628379
Abdelaal Kh AA (2015a) Pivotal role of bio and mineral fertilizer combinations on morphological, anatomical and yield characters of sugar beet plant (Beta vulgaris L.). Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research 4(4):717-734.
Abdelaal KhA (2015b). Effect of salicylic acid and abscisic acid on morpho-physiological and anatomical characters of faba bean plants (Vicia faba L.) under drought stress. Journal of Plant Production 6:1771-1788. https://doi.org/10.21608/jpp.2015.52096
Abdelaal KhAA, Tawfik SF (2015). Response of sugar beet plant (Beta vulgaris L.) to mineral nitrogen fertilization and bio-fertilizers. International Journal of Currant Microbiology and Applied Science 4(9):677-688.
Abdelaal KhAA, Badawy ShA, Abdel Aziz RM, Neana ShM (2015). Effect of mineral nitrogen levels and biofertilizer on morphophysiological characters of three sweet sorghum varieties (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench). Journal of Plant Production Mansoura University 6(2):189-203. Https://doi.org/10.21608/jpp.2015.49298
Abdelaal KhA, Hafez YM, EL Sabagh A, Saneoka H (2017). Ameliorative effects of Abscisic acid and yeast on morpho-physiological and yield characteristics of maize plant (Zea mays L.) under drought conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 26:7372-7383.
Abdelaal KhA, Hafez YM, El-Afry M, Tantawy DS, Alshaal T (2018). Effect of some osmoregulators on photosynthesis, lipid peroxidation, antioxidative capacity and productivity of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) under water deficit stress. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25:30199-30211. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-3023-x
Abdelaal KhA, Attia KA, Alamery SF, El-Afry M, Ghazy AI, Tantawy DS, … Hafez YM (2020a). Exogenous application of proline and salicylic acid can mitigate the injurious impacts of drought stress on barley plants associated with physiological and histological characters. Sustainability 12:1736. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051736
Abdelaal KhA, EL-Maghraby LM, Elansary H, Hafez YM, Ibrahim EI, El-Banna M, El-Esawi M, Elkelish A (2020b). Treatment of sweet pepper with stress tolerance-inducing compounds alleviates salinity stress oxidative damage by mediating the physio-biochemical activities and antioxidant systems. Agronomy 10:26. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10010026
Abdelaal KhAA, EL-Shawy ElA, Hafez YM, Abdel-Dayem SM, Chidya RCG, Saneoka H, EL Sabagh A (2020c). Nano-Silver and non-traditional compounds mitigate the adverse effects of net blotch disease of barley in correlation with up-regulation of antioxidant enzymes. Pakistan Journal of Botany 52(3):1065-1072. http://dx.doi.org/10.30848/PJB2020-3(13)
Abdelaal KhA, AlKahtani MDF, Attia K, Hafez Y, Király L, Künstler A. (2021a). The role of plant growth-promoting bacteria in alleviating the adverse effects of drought on plants. Biology 10:520. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10060520
Abdelaal Kh, Elafry M, Abdel-Latif, Elshamy R, Hassan M, Hafez Y (2021b). Pivotal role of yeast and ascorbic acid in improvement the morpho-physiological characters of two wheat cultivars under water deficit stress in calcareous soil. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(3):2554-2565.
Abdelaal KhA, Attia KA, Niedbała G, Wojciechowski T, Hafez Y, Alamery S, Alateeq TK, Arafa SA (2021c). Mitigation of drought damages by exogenous chitosan and yeast extract with modulating the photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant defence system and improving the productivity of garlic plants. Horticulturae 7:510. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7110510
Abdelaal Kh, El-Okkiah S, Metwaly M, El-Afry L (2021d). Impact of Ascorbic acid and proline application on the physiological machinery in soybean plants under salinity stress. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(11A):12486-12497.
Abdelaal KhAA, Essawy M, Quraytam A, Abdallah F, Mostafa H, Shoueir K, Fouad H, Fahmy ASH, Hafez Y (2021e). Toxicity of essential oils nanoemulsion against Aphis craccivora and their inhibitory activity on insect enzymes. Processes 9(4):624. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9040624
Abdelaal Kh, Mazrou Y, Hafez Y (2022b). Effect of silicon and carrot extract on morphophysiological characters of pea (Pisum sativum L.) under salinity stress conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 31(1):608-615.
Abdel Latef AAH, Alhmad MFA, Kordrostami M, Abo-Baker A-BA-E, Zakir A (2020) Inoculation with Azospirillum lipoferum or Azotobacter chroococcum reinforces maize growth by improving physiological activities under saline conditions. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 39:1293-1306. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-020-10065-9
Abou-Attia FAM, Abdelaal KhAA (2007). Effect of Bio and Mineral fertilization on the main insect pests and some characters of sugar beet plants. Journal of Agricultural Science Mansoura University 32(2):1471-1485.
Ahemad M, Khan MS (2012). Productivity of green gram in tebuconazole-stressed soil, by using a tolerant and plant growth promoting Bradyrhizobium sp. MRM6 strain. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 34:245-254. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-011-0823-8
Ahemad M, Khan MS (2011). Insecticide-tolerant and plant growth promoting Bradyrhizobium sp. (vigna) improves the growth and yield of greengram [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] in insecticide stressed soils. Symbiosis 54:17-27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13199-011-0122-6
Ahmed I, Nadira U (2015). Tolerance to combined stress of drought and salinity in barley. In: Mahalingam R (Ed). Combined Stresses in Plants. Springer, Cham, pp 93-121.
Ahmad F, Ahmad I, Khan MS (2008). Screening of free-living rhizospheric bacteria for their multiple plant growth promoting activities. Microbiology Research 163:173-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2006.04.001
Akram W, Anjum T, Ali B (2016). Phenylacetic acid is ISR determinant produced by Bacillus fortis IAGS162, which involves extensive re-modulation in metabolomics of tomato to protect against Fusarium wilt. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:498. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.00498
ALKahtani MDF, Attia KA, Hafez YM, Khan N, Eid AM, Ali MAM, Abdelaal KhAA (2020a). Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and antioxidant défense system can display salt tolerance of salt acclimated sweet pepper plants treated with chitosan and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Agronomy 10:1180. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081180
ALKahtani MDF, Fouda A, Attia K, Al-Otaibi F, Eid AM, Ewais E, … Abdelaal KhAA (2020b). Isolation and characterization of plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria from desert plants and their application as bioinoculants for sustainable agriculture. Agronomy 10:1325. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10091325
AlKahtani MDF, Hafez YM, Attia K, Al-Ateeq T, Ali MAM, Hasanuzzaman M, Abdelaal KhAA (2021). Bacillus thuringiensis and silicon modulate antioxidant metabolism and improve the physiological traits to confer salt tolerance in lettuce. Plants 10(5):1025. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10051025
AlKahtani MDF, Hafez YM, Attia K, Rashwan E, Husnain LA, AlGwaiz HIM, Abdelaal KhAA (2021b). Evaluation of silicon and proline application on the oxidative machinery in drought-stressed sugar beet. Antioxidants 10(3):398. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox10030398
Alnusairi GSH, Mazrou YSA, Qari SH, Elkelish AA, Soliman MH, Eweis M, Abdelaal Kh, El-Samad GA, Ibrahim MFM, ElNahhas N (2021). Exogenous nitric oxide reinforces photosynthetic efficiency, osmolyte, mineral uptake, antioxidant, expression of stress-responsive genes and ameliorates the effects of salinity stress in wheat. Plants 10(8):1693. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10081693
Arafa SA, Attia KA, Niedbała G, Piekutowska M, Alamery S, Abdelaal Kh, … Attallah Sh Y (2021) Seed priming boost adaptation in pea plants under drought stress. Plants 10:2201. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10102201
Ashraf M, Harris PJC (2013). Photosynthesis under stressful environments: An overview. Photosynthetica 51:163-190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-013-0021-6
Asseri IA, El-Shamy MA, Mosalem ME, Okba AB, Abdelaal KhAA (2021). Effect of planting methods on yield and water requirements for some rice varieties (Oryaz sativa L.). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(6A):6623-6632.
Backman PA, Sikora RA (2008). Endophytes: an emerging tool for biological control. Biological Control 46:1-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2008.03.009
Bano A, Fatima M (2009). Salt tolerance in Zea mays (L). following inoculation with Rhizobium and Pseudomonas. Biology and Fertility of Soils 45:405-413. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-008-0344-9
Barnawal D, Bhart N, Pandey SS, Pandey A, Chanotiya SC, Kalra A (2017). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria enhance wheat salt and drought stress tolerance by altering endogenous phytohormone levels and TaCTR1/TaDREB2 expression. Physiologia Plantarum 161(4):502-514. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12614
Beneduzi A, Ambrosini A, Passaglia LM (2012). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): their potential as antagonists and biocontrol agents. Genetics and Molecular Biology 35:1044-1051. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1415-47572012000600020
Çakmakçi R, Dönmez F, Aydın A, Şahin F (2006). Growth promotion of plants by plant growth promoting rhizobacteria under greenhouse and two different field soil conditions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38(6):1482-1487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.09.019
Casanovas EM, Barassi CA, Sueldo RJ (2002). Azospiriflum inoculation mitigates water stress effects in maize seedlings. Cereal Research Communication 30:343-350. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03543428
Compant S, Duffy B, Nowak J, Clément C, Barka EA (2005) Use of plant growth-promoting bacteria for biocontrol of plant diseases: principles, mechanisms of action, and future prospects. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71(9):4951-4959. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.71.9.4951-4959.2005
Danish S, Zafar-ul-Hye M (2019) Co-application of ACC-deaminase producing PGPR and timber-waste biochar improves pigments formation, growth and yield of wheat under drought stress. Scientific Reports 9:5999. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42374-9
Dastager SG, Deepa CK, Pandey A (2011). Potential plant growth-promoting activity of Serratia nematodiphila NII-0928 on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 27:259-265.
de Souza JT, de Boer M, de Waard P, van Beek TA, Raaijmakers JM (2003). Biochemical, genetic, and zoosporicidal properties of cyclic lipopeptide surfactants produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69(12):7161-7172. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.69.12.7161-7172.2003
El-Banna MF, Abdelaal KhAA (2018). Response of strawberry plants grown in the hydroponic system to pretreatment with H2O2 before exposure to salinity stress Journal of Plant Production, Mansoura University 9(12):989-1001. https://doi.org/10.21608/jpp.2018.36617
El-Flaah RF, El-Said AR, Nassar MA, Hassan M, Abdelaal KhA (2021). Effect of Rhizobium, nano silica and ascorbic acid on morpho-physiological characters and gene expression of POX and PPO in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) Under salinity stress conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(6):5751-5764.
Elhity MA, Omer AM, Zayed BA, Assra AA, Hafez YM, El-Sharnouby M, Abdelaal KhAA (2021a). Improvement of grain quality and nutrition of rice under saline sodic conditions and foliar spray with phosphoric acid. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(8):9814-9821.
Elhity MA, Omer AM, Zayed BA, Assra AA, Hassan MM, Hafez YM, Abdelaal KhAA (2021b). Effect of phosphoric acid spray on rice growth and yield under saline sodic soils. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(5):4935-4942.
El Nahhas N, AlKahtani M, Abdelaal KhA, Al Husnain L, AlGwaiz H, Hafez YM, … Elkelish A (2021). Biochar and jasmonic acid application attenuates antioxidative systems and improves growth, physiology, nutrient uptake and productivity of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) irrigated with saline water. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 166:807-817166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2021.06.033
El-Nashaar F, Hafez YM, Abdelaal KhA, Abdelfatah A, Badr M, El-Kady S, Yousef A (2020). Assessment of host reaction and yield losses of commercial barley cultivars to Drechslera teres the causal agent of net blotch disease in Egypt. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29:2371-2377.
EL Sabagh A, Hossain A, Barutcular C, Islam MS, Awan SI, Galal A, … Saneoka H (2019). Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production under drought and heat stress-adverse effects, mechanisms and mitigation: A review. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17:8307-8332. http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1704_83078332
El‐Tarabily KA, Soliman MH, Nassar AH, Al‐Hassani HA, Sivasithamparam K, McKenna F, Hardy GSJ (2000). Biological control of Sclerotinia minor using a chitinolytic bacterium and actinomycetes. Plant Pathology 49(5):573-583. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3059.2000.00494.x
Egamberdieva D (2009) Alleviation of salt stress by plant growth regulators and IAA producing bacteria in wheat. Acta Physiologia Plantarum 31:861-864. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-009-0297-0
Esmail SM, Omara RI, Abdelaal, KhAA, Hafez M (2019). Histological and biochemical aspects of compatible and incompatible wheat-Puccinia striiformis interactions. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 106:120-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.11.004
Essawy MM, Keratum AY, Abdallah F, Mohamed HM, Mazrou Y, Hafez Y, Abdelaal KhAA (2020). Susceptibility of some faba bean varieties to infestation with the main insect pests associated with physiological, biochemical and yield characters. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29(7A):6147-4758.
Furlan F, Saatkamp K, Volpiano CG, Franco F, Santos MF, Vendruscolo EC, Guimarães VF, da Costa AC (2017). Plant growth-promoting bacteria effect in withstanding drought in wheat cultivars. Scientia Agrarian 18:104-113.
Ghanem AE-MFM, Mohamed E, Kasem AMMA, El-Ghamery AA (2021). Differential salt tolerance strategies in three halophytes from the same ecological habitat: augmentation of antioxidant enzymes and compounds. Plants 10:1100. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants1006110
Glandorf DCM, Verheggen P, Jansen T, Jorritsma J-W, Smit E, Leeflang P (2001). Effect of genetically modified Pseudomonas putida WCS358r on the fungal rhizosphere microflora of field-grown wheat. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67:3371-3378. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.67.8.3371-3378.2001
Glick BR (2012). Plant growth-promoting bacteria: mechanisms and applications. Scientifica 963401. https://doi.org/10.6064/2012/963401
Gonzalez AM, Victoria DE, Merino FCG (2015). Efficiency of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) in sugarcane. Terra Latinoam 33:321-330.
Gouda S, Kerry RG, Das G, Paramithiotis S, Shin HS, Patra JK (2018). Revitalization of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria for sustainable development in agriculture. Microbiology Research 206:131-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2017.08.016
Gupta A, Bano A, Rai S, Dubey P, Khan F, Pathak N, Sharma S (2021). Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR): A sustainable agriculture to rescue the vegetation from the effect of biotic stress: a review. Letters in Applied NanoBioScience 10(3):2459-2465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2017.08.016
Gruau C, Trotel-Aziz P, Villaume S, Rabenoelina F, Clement C, Baillieul F, Aziz A (2015). Pseudomonas fluorescens PTA-CT2 triggers local and systemic immune response against Botrytis cinerea in grapevine. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 28:1117-1129. https://doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-04-15-0092-R
Hafez YM, Attia KA, Alamery S, Ghazy A, Al-Dosse A, Ibrahim E, … Abdelaal KhA (2020c). Beneficial effects of biochar and chitosan on antioxidative capacity, osmolytes accumulation, and anatomical characters of water-stressed barley plants. Agronomy 10:630. https://doi.org/10.3390/Agronomy10050630
Hafez YM, Abdelaal KhAA, Eid ME, Mehiar FF (2016). Morpho-physiological and biochemical responses of barley plants (Hordeum vulgare L.) against barley net blotch disease with application of non-traditional compounds and fungicides. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 26:261-268.
Hafez YM, Abdelaal Kh AA, Badr M, Esmaeil R (2017). Control of Puccinia triticina the causal agent of wheat leaf rust disease using safety resistance inducers correlated with endogenously antioxidant enzymes up-regulation. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control 27(1):1-10.
Hafez YM, Attia KA, Kamel S, Alamery S, El-Gendy S, Al-Dosse A, Mehiar F, Ghazy A, Abdelaal KhA (2020a). Bacillus subtilis as a bio-agent combined with nano molecules can control powdery mildew disease through histochemical and physiobiochemical changes in cucumber plants. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 111:101489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2020.101489
Hafez Y, Elkohby W, Mazrou YA, Ghazy M, Elgamal A, Abdelaal KhA (2020b). Alleviating the detrimental impacts of salt stress on morpho-hpysiological and yield characters of rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) using actosol, Nano-Zn and Nano-Si. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29(8):6882-6897.
Hafez Y, El-Kazzaz K, El-Kady E, Riad N, Attia K, Abdelaal Kh (2022a) Molecular identification of new races of Agrobacterium SPP using genomic sequencing-based on 16s primers: screening of biological agents and nano-silver which mitigated the microbe in vitro. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 31(10):10447-10458.
Hafez Y, Mazrou Y, Shahin A, Mehiar F, Eid M, Abdelaal KhA (2022b). Yield losses in wheat genotypes caused by stripe rust (Puccinia striifarmis f. sp. tritici) in North Delta, Egypt. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 50(2):12622. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50212622
Hafez Y, Ali G, Shahin A, Badr M, Esmaeil R, Abdelaal KhA (2022c). Screening of resistance sources to stem rust (Ug99) in international wheat genotypes (CIMMYT)I Egypt, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 31(6):5940-5948
Haroon U, Khizar M, Liaquat F, Ali M, Akbar M, Tahir K, Batool SS, Kamal A, Chaudhary HJ, Munis MFH (2021). Halotolerant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria induce salinity tolerance in wheat by enhancing the expression of SOS genes. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 41(6):2435-2448. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-021-10457-5
Hasan MK, El Sabagh A, Sikdar Md SI, Alam MdJ, Ratnasekera D, Barutcular C, Abdelaal KhAA, Islam MS (2017) Comparative adaptable agronomic traits of Blackgram and mungbean for saline lands. Plant Archives 17(1):589-593.
Hesse C, Schulz F, Bull CT, Shaffer BT, Yan Q, Shapiro N, Hassan KA, Varghese N, Elbourne LDH, Paulsen IT, Kyrpides N, Woyke T, Loper JE (2018). Genome-based evolutionary history of Pseudomonas spp. Environmental Microbiology 20(6):2142-2159. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.14130
Heinrichs R, Meirelles GC, Santos LFdM, Lira MVdS, Lapaz AdM, Nogueira MA, Bonini CdSB, Soares Filho CV, Moreira A (2020). Azospirillum inoculation of ‘Marandu’ palisade grass seeds: effects on forage production and nutritional status. Semina: Ciências Agrárias 41(2):465-478. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n2p465
Hungria M, Rondina ABL, Nunes ALP, Araujo RS, Nogueira MA (2021). Seed and leaf-spray inoculation of PGPR in brachiarias (Urochloa spp.) as an economic and environmental opportunity to improve plant growth, forage yield and nutrient status. Plant and Soil 463:171-186. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-021-04908-x
Huang Y, Wu Z, He Y, Ye BC, Li C (2017). Rhizospheric Bacillus subtilis exhibits biocontrol effect against Rhizoctonia solani in pepper (Capsicum annuum). Biomed Research International 2017:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9397619
Indiragandhi P, Anandham R, Kim KA, Yim WJ, Madhaiyan M, Sa TM (2008). Induction of defense responses in tomato against Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato by regulating the stress ethylene level with Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 containing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 24:1037-1345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-007-9572-7
Jahanian A, Chaichi MR, Rezaei K, Rezayazdi K, Khavazi K (2012). The effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (pgpr) on germination and primary growth of artichoke (Cynara scolymus). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences (IJACS) 4:923-929.
Juan WC, Yahui G, Chao W, Xia LH, Dong ND, Peng WY, Hua GJ (2012). Enhancement of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) tolerance to drought stress by plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) Bacillus cereus AR156. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology 20:1097-1105.
Khaffagy AE, Mazrou YA, Morsy AR, El-Mansoury MAM, El-Tokhy AI, Hafez Y, Abdelaal K, Khedr RA (2022). Impact of irrigation levels and weed control treatments on annual weeds, physiological traits and productivity of soybean under clay soil conditions. Agronomy 12(5):1037. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12051037
Khanghahi MY, Crecchio C, Verbruggen E (2021). Shifts in the rhizosphere and endosphere colonizing bacterial communities under drought and salinity stress as affected by a biofertilizer consortium. Microial Ecology 84:483-495. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-021-01856-y
Kloepper JW, Ryu CM, Zhang S (2004). Induced systemic resistance and promotion of plant growth by Bacillus species. Phytopathology 94:1259-1266. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.11.1259
Kloepper JW, Leong J, Teintze M, Schroth MN (1980). Pseudomonas siderophores: A mechanism explaining disease- suppressive soils. Current Microbiology 4:317-320. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02602840
Kour D, Rana KL, Yadav AN, Yadav N, Kumar M, Kumar V (2020). Microbial biofertilizers: bioresources and eco-friendly technologies for agricultural and environmental sustainability. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology 23:101487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101487
Kusale SP, Attar YC, Sayyed RZ, Malek, RA, Ilyas N, Suriani NL, Khan N, El Enshasy HA (2021). Production of plant beneficial and antioxidants metabolites by Klebsiella variicola under salinity stress. Molecules 26(7):1894. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26071894
Kumar A, Singh S, Gaurav AK, Srivastava S, Verma JP (2020). Plant growth-promoting bacteria: biological tools for the mitigation of salinity stress in plants. Frontiers in Microbiology 11:14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01216
Lawongsa P, Boonkerd N, Wongkaew S, O’Gara F, Teaumroong N (2008). Molecular and phenotypic characterization of potential plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas from rice and maize rhizospheres. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 24:1877-1884. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-008-9685-7
Lozano GL, Holt J, Ravel J, Rasko DA, Thomas MG, Andelsman J (2016) Draft genome sequence of biocontrol agent Bacillus cereus UW85. Genome Announcements 4(5):5-6. https://doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00910-16
Ma Y, Rajkumar M, Luo Y, Freitas H (2011). Inoculation of endophytic bacteria on host and non-host plants-effects on plant growth and Ni uptake. Journal of Hazardous Materials 195:230-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.08.034
Miethke M, Marahiel MA (2007). Siderophore-based iron acquisition and pathogen control. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 71:413-415. https://doi.org/10.1128/MMBR.00012-07
Migunova VD, Sasanelli N (2021) Bacteria as biocontrol tool against phytoparasitic nematodes. Plants 10(2):389. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020389
Mokrani S, Elhafid N (2020). Rhizospheric microbiome: biodiversity, current advancement and potential biotechnological application. Yadav AN et al. (Eds). Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture, Microorganisms for Sustainability 19:39-60. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3208-5_2
Mohamed A, Mazrou Y, El-Henawy AS, Awad NM, Abdelaal Kh, Hafez Y, Hantash RA (2022a). Effect of sulfur applied and foliar spray of yeast on growth and yield of sugar beet under irrigation deprivation conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 31(4):4199-4209.
Mohamed A, Mazrou Y, Zayed B, Badawy Sh, Nadier S, Hafez Y, Abdelaal Kh (2022b) Effect of soil salinity wizards on ion selectivity, growth and productivity of rice. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 31(5):5129-5138.
Mokrani S, Rai A, Belabid L, Cherif A, Cherif H, Mahjoubi M, Nabti E (2019). Pseudomonas diversity in western Algeria: role in the stimulation of bean germination and common bean blight biocontrol. European Journal of Plant Pathology 153:397-415. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-018-1566-9
Morsy SZ, Belal EA, Mosbah NM, Abdelaal KhA (2021). Assessment of fungicide alternatives against Sclerotium cepivorum and their anatomical properties on onion leaves under greenhouse conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(4A):4533-4543.
Murphy JF, Zehnder GW, Schuster DJ, Sikora EJ, Polstan JE, Kloepper JW (2000). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria mediated protection in tomato against tomato mottle virus. Plant Diseases 84:779-784. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2000.84.7.779
Omar A, Zayed B, Abdel Salam A, Hafez YM, Abdelaal KhAA (2020). Folic acid as foliar application can improve growth and yield characters of rice plants under irrigation with drainage water, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29(10):9420-9428.
Omara RI, El-Kot GA, Fadel FM, Abdelaal KhAA, Saleh EM (2019). Efficacy of certain bioagents on patho-physiological characters of wheat plants under wheat leaf rust stress. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 106:102-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.12.010
Omara R, Abdelaal Kh (2017). Molecular and genetic analysis of leaf rust resistance genes in two new Egyptian Wheat cultivars. Egypt Journal Phytopathology 45(2):33-52. https://doi.org/10.21608/ejp.2017.88576
Omara RI, Abdelaal KhA (2018). Biochemical, histopathological and genetic analysis associated with leaf rust infection in wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.). Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 104:48-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2018.09.004
Ordentlich A, Elad Y, Chet I (1988). The role of chitinase of Serratia marcescens in biocontrol of Sclerotium rolfsii. Phytopathology 78:84-88.
Pathania P, Rajta A (2020). Role of plant growth-promoting bacteria in sustainable agriculture. Biocatal Agric Biotechnology 30:101842.
Pindi PK, Sultana T (2013). Bacterial and fungal diversity in rhizosphere soils of Bt and non-Bt cotton in natural systems. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 19:1306-1310.
Phi QT, Park YM, Seul KJ, Ryu CM, Park SH, Kim JG, Ghim SY (2010). Assessment of root-associated Paenibacillus polymyxa groups on growth promotion and induced systemic resistance in pepper. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 20:1605-1613.
Qurashi AW, Sabri AN (2012). Bacterial exopolysaccharide and biofilm formation stimulate chickpea growth and soil aggregation under salt stress. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 43:1183-1191. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-838220120003000046
Raheem A, Shaposhnikov A, Belimov AA, Dodd IC, Ali B (2018). Auxin production by rhizobacteria was associated with improved yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under drought stress. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 64:574-587. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2017.1362105
Rashid U, Yasmin H, Hassan MN, Naz R, Nosheen A, Sajjad M, Ilyas N, Keyani R, Jabeen Z, Mumtaz S, Alyemeni MN, Ahmad P (2022). Drought-tolerant Bacillus megaterium isolated from semi-arid conditions induces systemic tolerance of wheat under drought conditions. Plant Cell Reports 41(3):549-569. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-020-02640-x
Rashwan E, Alsohim AS, El-Gammaal A, Hafez Y, Abdelaal KhAA (2020). Foliar application of nano zink-oxide can alleviate the harmful effects of water deficit on some flax cultivars under drought conditions. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 29(10):8889-8904.
Rijavec T, Lapanje A (2016). Hydrogen cyanide in the rhizosphere: not suppressing plant pathogens, but rather regulating availability of phosphate. Frontiers in Microbiology 7:1785. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01785
Rolli E, Marasco R, Vigani G, Ettoumi B, Mapelli F, Deangelis ML, … Daffonchio D (2015). Improved plant resistance to drought is promoted by the root-associated microbiome as a water stress-dependent trait. Environmental Microbiology 17(2):316-331. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.12439
Reiss A, Jørgensen LN (2017). Biological control of yellow rust of wheat (Puccinia striiformis) with Serenade® ASO (Bacillus subtilis strain QST713). Crop Protection 93:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CROPRO.2016.11.009
Sandhya V, Ali SZ, Grover M, Reddy G, Venkateswarlu B (2010) Effect of plant growth promoting Pseudomonas spp. on compatible solutes, antioxidant status and plant growth of maize under drought stress. Plant Growth Regulation 62(1):21-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-010-9479-4
Sapre S, Gontia-Mishra I, Tiwari S (2021). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria ameliorates salinity stress in pea (Pisum sativum). Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 41:647-656. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-021-10329-y
Schouten A, van der Berg G, Edel-Hermann V, Steinberg C, Gautheron N, Alabouvette C (2004). Defense responses of Fusarium oxysporum to 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol, a broadspectrum antibiotic produced by Pseudomonas fluorescens. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interaction 17:1201-1211. https://doi.org/10.1094/MPMI.2004.17.11.1201
Shahin A, Esmaeil RA, Badr M, Abdelaal KhA, Hassan FAS, Hafez YM (2021). Phenotypic characterization of race-specific and slow rusting resistance to stem rust disease in promising wheat genotypes. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 30(6):6223-6236.
Shen Z, Mustaph A, Lin M, Zheng G (2017). Biocontrol of the internalization of Salmonella enterica and Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli in mung bean sprouts with an endophytic Bacillus subtilis. International Journal of Food Microbiology 250:37-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2017.03.016
Showkat S, Murtaza I, Laila O, Ali A (2012). Biological control of Fusarium oxysporum and Aspergillus sp. by Pseudomonas fluorescens isolated from wheat rhizosphere soil of Kashmir. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 1(4):24-32. https://doi.org/10.9790/3008-0142432
Sukweenadhi J, Balusamy SR, Kim Y-J, Lee CH, Kim Y-J, Koh SC, Yang DC (2018) A growth-promoting bacteria, Paenibacillus yonginensis DCY84T enhanced salt stress tolerance by activating defense-related systems in Panax ginseng. Frontiers in Plant Science 9:813. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00813
Tahir HA, Gu Q, Wu H, Raza W, Hanif A, Wu L, ... Gao X (2017). Plant growth promotion by volatile organic compounds produced by Bacillus subtilis SYST2. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:171. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00171
Tank N, Saraf M (2010). Salinity-resistant plant growth promoting rhizobacteria ameliorates sodium chloride stress on tomato plants. Journal of Plant Interactions 5:51-58. https://doi.org/10.1080/17429140903125848
Thomas P, Sekhar AC (2016). Effects due to rhizospheric soil application of an antagonistic bacterial endophyte on native bacterial community and its survival in soil: a case study with Pseudomonas aeruginosa from banana. Frontiers in Microbiology 7:493. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00493
Tran H, Ficke A, Asiimwe T, Höfte M, Raaijmakers JM (2007). Role of the cyclic lipopeptide massetolide a in biological control of Phytophthora infestans and in colonization of tomato plants by Pseudomonas fluorescens. New Phytologist 175(4):731-742. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02138.x
Trivedi P, Pandey A, Palni LMS (2008). In vitro evaluation of antagonistic properties of Pseudomonas corrugate. Microbiology Research 163:329-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2006.06.007
Upadhyay SK, Singh DP (2015). Effect of salt-tolerant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria on wheat plants and soil health in a saline environment. Plant Biology 17:288-293. https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12173
Vanhaverbeke C, Heyraud A, Mazeau K (2003). Conformational analysis of the exopolysaccharide from Burkholderia caribensis strain MWAP71: Impact on the interaction with soils. Biopolymers 69:480-497.
Van Loon LC, Rep M, Pieterse CMJ (2006). Significance of inducible defence-related proteins in infected plants. Annual Reviews in Phytopathology 44:1-28. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.phyto.44.070505.143425
Verma P, Kour D, Rana KL, Kumar V, Singh B (2017). Plant microbiomes and its beneficial multifunctional plant growth promoting attributes. International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources 3:1-8. https://doi.org/10.19080/IJESNR.2017.03.555601
Vessey JK (2003). Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria as biofertilizers. Plant and Soil 255:571-586. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026037216893
Yuwono T, Handayani D, Soedarsono J, Yuwono T, Handayani D, Soedarsono J (2005). The role of osmotolerant rhizobacteria in rice growth under different drought conditions. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 56: 715-721. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR04082
Zakry FAA, Shamsuddin ZH, Abdul Rahim K, Zawawi Z, Abdul Rahim A (2012). Inoculation of Bacillus sphaericus UPMB-10 to young oil palm and measurement of its uptake of fixed nitrogen using the 15N isotope dilution technique. Microbes and Environments 27:257-262. https://doi.org/10.1264/jsme2.me11309
Zhang M, Yang L, Hao R, Bai X, Wang Y, Yu X (2020). Drought-tolerant plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria isolated from jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) and their potential to enhance drought tolerance. Plant and Soil 452(1):423-440. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-020-04582-5
Zhu J, Fan Y, Shabala S, Li C, Lv C, Guo B, ... Zhou M (2020). Understanding mechanisms of salinity tolerance in barley by proteomic and biochemical analysis of near-isogenic lines. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21(4):1516. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21041516
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Ayman F. OMAR, Medhat REHAN , Ahmad AL-TURKI
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.