Performance of fourteen genotypes of durum wheat under Eastern Mediterranean conditions

  • Ioanna KAKABOUKI Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Crop Science, Laboratory of Agronomy, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855 Athens (GR)
  • Dimitrios BESLEMES Alfa Seeds ICSA, Research and Development Department, 41500 Larissa (GR)
  • Evangelia L. TIGKA Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, Institute of Industrial and Forage Crops, 41335 Larissa (GR)
  • Ioannis ROUSSIS Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Crop Science, Laboratory of Agronomy, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855 Athens (GR)
  • Antonios MAVROEIDIS Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Crop Science, Laboratory of Agronomy, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855 Athens (GR)
  • Varvara KOUNELI Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Crop Science, Laboratory of Agronomy, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855 Athens (GR)
  • Nikolaos KATSENIOS Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, Institute of Technology of Agricultural Products, Sofokli Venizelou 1, Lykovrissi, 14123 Attica (GR)
  • Aspasia EFTHIMIADOU Hellenic Agricultural Organization Demeter, Institute of Technology of Agricultural Products, Sofokli Venizelou 1, Lykovrissi, 14123 Attica (GR)
  • Stella KARYDOGIANNI Agricultural University of Athens, Department of Crop Science, Laboratory of Agronomy, 75 Iera Odos str., 11855 Athens (GR)
  • Chariklia KOSMA University of Patras, Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, 30200 Messolonghi (GR)
  • Anastasios ZOTOS University of Patras, Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, 30200 Messolonghi (GR)
  • Vassilios TRIANTAFYLLIDIS University of Patras, Department of Business Administration of Food and Agricultural Enterprises, 30100 Agrinio (GR)
Keywords: durum wheat varieties, GDDs, protein content, relative production efficiency, vitreousness

Abstract

Durum wheat is used as raw material for many foods. Climate change might be responsible for larger or smaller changes in crop yields. For the combined assessment of climate and crop, growing degree days (GDDs) have a crucial role. Two experimental lines and twelve commercial wheat (Triticum durum) varieties from diverse backgrounds were cultivated to compare their crop properties, yield, and protein content in terms of GDDs. The experiment was established in typical Mediterranean environment, using a randomized complete block design with blocks of varieties and lines for two growing seasons. For all varieties, GDDs to head emergence was affected by factor year, whereas GDDs from head emergence to harvest were influenced by both varieties and year. Protein content (%) was not affected by genotypes. Factor of variety and interaction variety × year had an impact on vitreousness; it was ranged from 79.75 % (‘Makaras’ variety) to 44.00 % (‘Levante’ variety). Yield had no statistically significant difference among varieties/lines. In durum wheat cultivation, up to head emergence, when GDDs increased, yield would be declined in contrast to GDDs from emergence to harvest; with the increasing of GDDs to harvest, yield was climbed. Nowadays, the integrations of and interpretation of GDDs in the evaluation of crop performance seem vital.

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Published
2022-03-24
How to Cite
KAKABOUKI, I., BESLEMES, D., TIGKA, E. L., ROUSSIS, I., MAVROEIDIS, A., KOUNELI, V., KATSENIOS, N., EFTHIMIADOU, A., KARYDOGIANNI, S., KOSMA, C., ZOTOS, A., & TRIANTAFYLLIDIS, V. (2022). Performance of fourteen genotypes of durum wheat under Eastern Mediterranean conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(1), 12682. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50112682
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha50112682

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