Effect of Rosa gorenkensis Besser aqueous extracts on germination and early growth of native plant species

  • Agnieszka TATOJ Pedagogical University of Krakow, Department of Botany, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków (PL)
  • Katarzyna MOŻDŻEŃ Pedagogical University of Krakow, Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków (PL)
  • Beata BARABASZ-KRASNY Pedagogical University of Krakow, Department of Botany, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków (PL)
  • Anna SOŁTYS-LELEK Ojców National Park, 32-045 Sułoszowa, Ojców 9 (PL)
  • Wojciech GRUSZKA Poznań University School of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Culture in Gorzów Wlkp., Department of Biological Sciences, Estkowskiego 13, 66-400 Gorzów Wielkopolski (PL)
  • Peiman ZANDI Yibin University, International Faculty of Applied Technology, Yibin 644000 (CN)
Keywords: alien species, allelopathy, biomass, electrolyte leakage, invasion, seedlings

Abstract

In Europe, Rosa gorenkensis Besser is considered an invasive species. However, its negative impact on native flora components or other habitat components has not been described so far. In the experiment, the germination reactions of mono- and dicotyledonous plant seeds to the aqueous extracts of R. gorenkensis were investigated to determine the allelopathic potential of this plant. Seeds of common plants – wild-growing Festuca rubra L. and cultivated Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula Pers. cv. ‘Rowa’ were treated with aqueous extracts from the roots, stalks, leaves, and flowers of rosa at concentrations of 1%, 2.5%, and 5%. Along with the increase in the concentration of allelochemical compounds in the extracts, the negative influence of the extracts on the germination capacity of the tested seeds species was found. Regardless of the type of extract, inhibition of the growth of the underground and aboveground parts of seedlings was also observed. Changes in biomass and water content, depending on the concentration and type of the extract, were found. The greatest differences in the electrolytes leakage in seedlings watered with 5% extracts were revealed. The study showed that the aqueous extracts of leaves and flowers of this species had the greatest allelopathic potential.

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Published
2022-03-24
How to Cite
TATOJ, A., MOŻDŻEŃ, K., BARABASZ-KRASNY, B., SOŁTYS-LELEK, A., GRUSZKA, W., & ZANDI, P. (2022). Effect of Rosa gorenkensis Besser aqueous extracts on germination and early growth of native plant species. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(1), 12668. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50112668
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha50112668

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