Invasive alien forest insect species in south-eastern Romania

  • Nicolai OLENICI National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry ”Marin Drăcea” Câmpulung Moldovenesc Station, Forest Protection Laboratory, 73 bis Calea Bucovinei, 725100, Câmpulung Moldovenesc (RO)
  • Flavius BĂLĂCENOIU National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry ‘Marin Drăcea’ Bucharest, Forest Protection Department, 128 B-dul Eroilor, 077190, Voluntari; Transilvania University of Brașov, Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering, 1 Șirul Beethoven, 500123, Brașov (RO)
  • Romică TOMESCU National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry ‘Marin Drăcea’ Bucharest, Forest Protection Department, 128 B-dul Eroilor, 077190, Voluntari (RO)
  • Constantin NEȚOIU National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry ‘Marin Drăcea’ Craiova Station, Forest Protection Department, 24 George Enescu, 200144, Craiova (RO)
  • Andrei BUZATU Transilvania University of Brașov, Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering, 1 Șirul Beethoven, 500123, Brașov; National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry ‘Marin Drăcea’ Craiova Station, Forest Protection Department, 24 George Enescu, 200144, Craiova (RO)
  • Alina ALEXANDRU National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry ‘Marin Drăcea’ Bucharest, Forest Protection Department, 128 B-dul Eroilor, 077190, Voluntari (RO)
Keywords: alien insect species, biological invasions, forest, new pests

Abstract

Biological invasions in forest ecosystems are recognised as a global scale challenge. However, our current knowledge of invasive alien forest insect species (IAFIS) in Romania is still lacking and rather insufficient to support clear policies. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the distribution of IAFIS in the Muntenia and Dobrogea provinces of Romania. For this purpose, direct observations and insect collections were made two consecutive years, in 76 locations. Of these, 67 sampling locations forming a long field observation route were visited only once, and nine sampling locations were fixed monitoring points with primed traps used in first year for regular collection of insects at 1-2-week intervals. Seventeen non-native forest insect species from five orders and 11 families were detected: Aproceros leucopoda, Cameraria ohridella, Corythucha arcuata, Cydalima perspectalis, Dasineura gleditchiae, Eopineus strobus, Euura tibialis, Gilletteella cooleyi, Hyphantria cunea, Ips duplicatus, Macrosaccus robiniella, Neoclytus acuminatus, Obolodiplosis robiniae, Parectopa robiniella, Phyllonorycter issikii, Prociphilus fraxinifolii and Xylosandrus germanus.  Eleven IAFIS species originate from North America, four from Asia and two from Europe. All detected species were previously reported from Romania, but eight species had not been recorded in these two provinces. Seven species live on native tree species, while 10 thrive on exotic trees or shrubs. The highest number of IAFIS was recorded in urban areas. Except for E. tibialis, all found IAFIS have a significant ecological or economic impact across invaded habitats. The risks posed by biological invasions need more thorough consideration that deserves greater attention and scientific support.

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Published
2022-02-10
How to Cite
OLENICI, N., BĂLĂCENOIU, F., TOMESCU, R., NEȚOIU, C., BUZATU, A., & ALEXANDRU, A. (2022). Invasive alien forest insect species in south-eastern Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 50(1), 12618. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha50112618
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Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha50112618