The occurrence of Fusarium species in white spears of Asparagus officinalis

Authors

  • Roman Andrzejak Poznań University of Life Sciences (PL)
  • Beata janowska Poznań University of Life Sciences (PL)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49412559

Keywords:

asparagus spears, epidermis, Fusarium, parenchyma, plantation age

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the species composition of fungi of the Fusarium genus found on white Asparagus officinalis spears, depending on the presence or absence of disease symptoms, age of the plantation, date of harvest and the place from which samples were collected for mycological analysis. Additionally, the pathogenicity of selected Fusarium spp. isolates was determined. A. officinalis L. was cultivated for white spears. The research was conducted on the German dioecious cultivar ‘Eposs’. Samples of A. officinalis spears for tests were collected from two plantations. Six species of fungi of the Fusarium genus were identified in the asparagus spears: F. culmorum, F. equiseti, F. oxysporum, F. proliferatum, F. solani, and F. fujikuroi. Among the Fusarium species colonizing Asparagus officinalis the greatest threat is F. oxysporum. Always there are more isolates in the spears with the symptoms, in epidermis. The late harvest date favors the development of fusariosis. This means that the spears harvested at the latest date (late June) are the most heavily colonised by fungi. The isolates of fungi of the Fusarium genus collected from the spears exhibit pathogenicity against A. officinalis plants.

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Published

2021-12-21

How to Cite

Andrzejak, R., & janowska, B. (2021). The occurrence of Fusarium species in white spears of Asparagus officinalis. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(4), 12559. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49412559

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Research Articles
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DOI: 10.15835/nbha49412559