Fertilization methods and substrate particle size differentially affect growth and macronutrient status of Laelia anceps subsp. anceps

  • Olga TEJEDA-SARTORIUS College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Yolanda L. FERNÁNDEZ-PAVÍA College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • María G. PERALTA-SÁNCHEZ College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
  • Libia I. TREJO-TÉLLEZ College of Postgraduates in Agricultural Sciences Campus Montecillo, Montecillo, State of Mexico (MX)
Keywords: foliar fertilization, growth parameters, nutrient uptake, orchid nutrition, orchid substrates

Abstract

The effects of three fertilization methods (FM) using the Peters Professional® 30N-10P-10K water soluble fertilizer were analyzed: fertilization in irrigation water (FIW), foliar fertilization (FF), and their combination (FIW + FF), as well as two substrate particle sizes (SuPS): larger particle size (LPS) and smaller particle size (SPS), on the growth and macronutrient status of Laelia anceps subsp. anceps (Orchidaceae). A 3 × 2 factorial experiment was established. Aerial and root growth, dry weight and concentration of macronutrients N, P, K, Ca, and Mg in leaves, pseudobulbs, and roots were all evaluated. The interaction of the study factors resulted in a greater number of leaves, while by simple effects, greater leaf area, number of pseudobulbs, root volume, and dry matter of leaves and roots were obtained, when FIW and LPS were used. With FF, greater growth in root volume was observed. There were no differences in the concentration of N in the growth organs analyzed, but due to the interaction of factors, a higher concentration of P, K, Mg, and S was observed in roots, mainly with FIW + FF and SPS; although for P, there was a higher concentration in FIW and LPS. In the case of SPS, the concentrations of K and S were higher in leaves, and in pseudobulbs P, K, Ca, Mg, and S were higher. The results showed that there are positive effects on plant growth when FIW and LPS are used, while higher concentrations of nutrients in leaves, pseudobulbs and mainly in roots are observed when using SPS.

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Published
2021-06-23
How to Cite
TEJEDA-SARTORIUS, O., FERNÁNDEZ-PAVÍA, Y. L., PERALTA-SÁNCHEZ, M. G., & TREJO-TÉLLEZ, L. I. (2021). Fertilization methods and substrate particle size differentially affect growth and macronutrient status of Laelia anceps subsp. anceps. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 49(2), 12211. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha49212211
Section
Research Articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nbha49212211

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