Stability of the expression of the maize productivity parameters by AMMI models and GGE-biplot analysis

  • Dragan BOŽOVIĆ University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Zemun-Belgrade
  • Vera POPOVIĆ Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Institute of National Importance for the Republic of Serbia, Maksim Gorky 30, 21000 Novi Sad
  • Vera RAJIČIĆ University of Niš, Faculty of Agriculture, Kosančićeva 4, 37000 Kruševac
  • Marko KOSTIĆ University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad
  • Vladimir FILIPOVIĆ Institute of Medicinal Plant Research, “Dr Josif Pančić“, Tadeuša Košćuška 1, 11000 Belgrade
  • Ljubiša KOLARIĆ University of Belgrade, Faculty of Agriculture, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Zemun-Belgrade
  • Vladan UGRENOVIĆ Institute of Soil, Teodora Drajzera 7, Belgrade
  • Velibor SPALEVIĆ University of Montenegro, Faculty of Philosophy, Geography, D. Bojovića bb, 81400 Nikšić
Keywords: G×Y×L×T interaction; number of rows of grains; PCA1 and PCA2; Zea mays

Abstract

The objective of this study was to estimate genotype by locality, by year, by treatments (G×LxYxT) interaction using AMMI model, to identify maize genotypes with stable number of rows of grains performance in different growing seasons. The trials conducted with seven maize lines/genotypes, four treatments, two years and at the two locations. The results showed that the influence of genotype (G), year (Y), locality (L), and G×L, G×T, G×L×T, G×Y×T, G×Y×L×T interaction on maize number of rows of grains were significant (p<0.01). The genotype share in the total phenotypic variance for the grains number rows of was 53.50%, and the interaction was 21.15%. The results also show that the sums of the squares of the first and second major components (PC1 and PC2) constitute 100% of the sum of the squares of the interaction G×L. The first PC1 axis belongs to all 100%, which points to the significance of the genotype in the total variation and significance of the genotype for overall interaction with other observed sources of variability. The highest stability in terms of expression of the grains number of rows had the genotype L-6, followed by the genotypes L-4, L-5 and L-3. The lowest stability was demonstrated by the genotypes L-2 and L-1, which confirmed that these genotypes are not important for further selection in terms of this trait.

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Published
2020-09-29
How to Cite
BOŽOVIĆ, D., POPOVIĆ, V., RAJIČIĆ, V., KOSTIĆ, M., FILIPOVIĆ, V., KOLARIĆ, L., UGRENOVIĆ, V., & SPALEVIĆ, V. (2020). Stability of the expression of the maize productivity parameters by AMMI models and GGE-biplot analysis. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(3), 1387-1397. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48312058
Section
Research Articles