Improvement of the nutraceutical quality and yield of tomato by application of salicylic acid

  • Oscar SARIÑANA-ALDACO Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Carretera Torreón-San Pedro Km 7.5, Ejido Ana, Torreón, Coahuila 27170
  • Esteban SANCHEZ-CHAVEZ Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A. C. Avenida Cuarta Sur No. 3820 Fraccionamiento Vencedores del Desierto, Delicias, Chihuahua C.P 33089
  • Manuel FORTIS-HERNÁNDEZ Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Carretera Torreón-San Pedro Km 7.5, Ejido Ana, Torreón, Coahuila 27170
  • José Antonio GONZÁLEZ-FUENTES Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro 1923, Buenavista. 25315 Saltillo, Coahuila
  • Alejandro MORENO-RESENDEZ Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro 1923, Buenavista. 25315 Saltillo, Coahuila
  • Alfonso ROJAS-DUARTE Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro 1923, Buenavista. 25315 Saltillo, Coahuila
  • Pablo PRECIADO-RANGEL Tecnológico Nacional de México, Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón, Carretera Torreón-San Pedro Km 7.5, Ejido Ana, Torreón, Coahuila 27170
Keywords: biostimulation; elicitors; human health; nutrient solution; phytochemicals

Abstract

Tomato fruits are a unique functional food and a natural reservoir of nutrients, antioxidants, vitamins and bioactive compounds that improve nutrition and human health. As an important vegetable throughout the world, tomatoes have attracted the attention of researchers to carry out various strategies to improve the functionality of this food aimed at the prevention of diseases, health and global well-being. An agronomic strategy in this study was to evaluate the influence of the application of "salicylic acid (SA)" on the yield and nutraceutical quality of the tomato crop, produced under hydroponic conditions. A completely randomized experimental design with six repetitions was used. SA at five doses (0.025, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1 and 0.125 mM) and one control were applied every 15 days in the nutritive solution under a hydroponic system on tomato plants. The evaluated variables were yield (total fruit weight per plant), fruit parameters (weight, diameter, firmness, and total soluble solids), percentage of weight loss and nutraceutical quality of tomato. The results obtained indicate that the addition of salicylic acid in nutritive solution increased the yield and biosynthesis of phytochemical compounds in tomato fruits, in relation to the control without application. In conclusion, to obtain a higher nutraceutical quality without affecting the tomato fruit yield, it is recommended to use the average concentration (0.125 mM) of SA.

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
SARIÑANA-ALDACO, O., SANCHEZ-CHAVEZ, E., FORTIS-HERNÁNDEZ, M., GONZÁLEZ-FUENTES, J. A., MORENO-RESENDEZ, A., ROJAS-DUARTE, A., & PRECIADO-RANGEL, P. (2020). Improvement of the nutraceutical quality and yield of tomato by application of salicylic acid. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(2), 882-892. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48211914
Section
Research Articles