Yield, quality and weed control in soybean crop as affected by several cultural and weed management practices
Keywords:false seedbed; normal seedbed; pelargonic acid; pre-emergence chemical control; soybean; stale seedbed
In the field of Agricultural University of Athens, the effects of false seedbed technique, stale seedbed, chemical and ecologically based control on weed growth and soybean yield were evaluated (2019). The experimental treatments were: normal seedbed, normal seedbed along with pre-emergence chemical control, false seedbed, stale seedbed with glyphosate and stale seedbed with pelargonic acid. In the plots of normal seedbed along with pre-emergence chemical control, pendimethalin was applied at rate of 1560 g a.i. ha-1. In the plots of stale seedbed with glyphosate, glyphosate was applied at a rate of 2160 g a.e. ha-1 and in the plots of stale seedbed with pelargonic acid, pelargonic acid was applied at a rate of 31020 g a.i. ha-1. The experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replicates. The results revealed that stale seedbed combined either with glyphosate or pelargonic acid application reduced annual weeds’ density by 94 and 95% as compared to normal seedbed. Stale seedbed along with pelargonic acid reduced the density of perennial weeds by 36, 38 and 41% as compared to the combination of normal seedbed and pre-emergence chemical control, normal seedbed and false seedbed, respectively. The application of glyphosate in stale seedbed plots was also effective against perennial weeds. It was also observed that stale seedbed along with glyphosate increased soybean seed yield by 17, 19 and 35% as compared to the combination of normal seedbed and pendimethalin application, false seedbed and normal seedbed, respectively. Beneficial were also the effects of the combination of stale seedbed and pelargonic acid not only on soybean seed yield but also on soybean protein content. Further research is needed in order to investigate the role of false and stale seedbeds as integrated weed management practices in various crops and under different soil and climatic conditions. Research is also needed to evaluate pelargonic acid for weed control in stale seedbeds since it is an eco-friendly herbicide with no restrictions for organic farming.
Ameena M, Kumari VL, George S (2006). Integrated management of purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus L.) in okra. Indian Journal of Weed Science 38:81-85.
Barberi P (2003). Preventive and cultural methods for weed management. In: Labrada R (Ed). Weed management for developing countries. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 120 pp 179-194.
Bond JA, Walker TW, Koger CH (2009). Pendimethalin applications in stale seedbed rice production. Weed Technology 23:167-170.
Bruff SA, Shaw DR (1992). Tank-mix combinations for weed control in stale seedbed soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technology 6:45-51.
Coleman R, Penner D (2008). Organic acid enhancement of pelargonic acid. Weed Technology 22:38-41.
Cousens R, Mortimer M (1995). Dynamics of weed populations. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Dogan MN, Ünay A, Boz Ö, Ögüt D (2009). Effect of pre-sowing and pre-emergence glyphosate applications on weeds in stale seedbed cotton. Crop Protection 28:503-507.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2018). FAOSTAT statistical database. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC
Hartman GL, West ED, Herman TK (2011). Crops that feed the world 2. Soybean-worldwide production, use, and constraints caused by pathogens and pests. Food Security 3:5-17.
Heatherly LG, Elmore CD, Wesley RA (1992). Weed control for soybean (Glycine max) planted in a stale or undisturbed seedbed on clay soil. Weed Technology 6:119-124.
Hydrick DE, Shaw DR (1995). Non-selective and selective herbicide combinations in stale seedbed (Glycine max). Weed Technology 9:158-165.
Jensen PK (2010). Longevity of seeds of Poa prattensis and Lolium perenne as affected by simulated soil tillage practices and its implications for contamination of herbage seed crops. Grass and Forage Science 65(1):85-91.
Johnson WC, Mullinix BG (1995). Weed management in peanut using stale seedbed techniques. Weed Science 43:293-297.
Jones RE, Medd RW (2000). Economic thresholds and the case for longer term approaches to population management of weeds. Weed Technology 14:337-350.
Kanatas PJ, Travlos IS, Gazoulis J, Antonopoulos N, Tsekoura A, Tataridas A, Zannopoulos S (2020). The combined effects of false seedbed technique, post-emergence chemical control and cultivar on weed management and yield of barley in Greece. Phytoparasitica 1-13.
Kotoula-Syka E, Tal A, Rubin B (2000). Diclofop-resistant Lolium rigidum from northern Greece with cross-resistance to ACCase inhibitors and multiple resistance to chlorsulfuron. Pest Management Science 56:1054-1058.
Kumar D, Angiras NN, Rana SS (2003). Influence of seed bed manipulations and herbicides on leaf area index and growth rate of wheat and associated weeds. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 29:1-10.
Kumar D, Angiras NN, Singh Y, Rana SS (2005). Influence of integrated weed management practices on weed competition for nutrients in wheat. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 39:110-115.
Kumar ST, Rana SS, Kumar SR (2014). Response of pea (Pisum sativum L.) to levels of phosphorus in relation to integrated weed management. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 40:118-125.
Lanie AJ, Griffin JL, Vidrine PR, Reynolds DB (1994). Weed control with non-selective herbicides in soybean (Glycine max) stale seedbed culture. Weed Technology 8:159-164.
Lonsbary SK, O’Sullivan J, Swanton CJ (2003). Stale-seedbed as a weed management alternative for machine-harvested cucumbers (Cucumis sativus). Weed Technology 17:724-730.
Merfield CN (2013). False and stale seedbeds: the most effective non-chemical weed management tools for cropping and pasture establishment. The BHU Future Farming Centre, Lincoln.
Oerke EC (2006). Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science 144(1):31-43.
Oliver LR, Klingaman TE, McClelland M, Bozsa RC (1993). Herbicide systems in stale seedbed soybean (Glycine max) production. Weed Technology 7:816-823.
Patil B, Reddy VC, Ramachandra PTV, Shankaralingappa BC, Devendra R, Kalyanamurthy KN (2013). Weed management in irrigated organic finger millet. Indian Journal of Weed Science 45:143-145.
Peer FA, Hassan B, Lone BA, Qayoom S, Ahmad L, Khanday BA, … Singh G (2013). Effect of weed control methods on yield and yield attributes of soybean. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:6135-6141.
Pline WA, Hatzios KK, Hagood ES (2000). Weed and herbicide-resistant soybean (Glycine max) response to glufosinate and glyphosate plus ammonium sulfate and pelargonic acid 1. Weed Technology 14:667-674.
Rasmussen J, Ascard J (1995). Weed control in organic farming systems. In: Glen DM, Greaves MP, and Anderson HM (Eds). In: Ecology and integrated farming systems). John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Bristol pp 49-67.
Riemens MM, Van Der Weide RY, Bleeker PO, Lotz LAP (2007). Effect of stale seedbed preparations and subsequent weed control in lettuce (cv. ‘Iceboll’) on weed densities. Weed Research 47:149-156.
Sharma SK, Pandey DK, Ganagwar KS, Tomar OK (2004). Weed control in direct, dry-seeded rice in India: comparison of seedbed preparation and use of pendimethalin. International Rice Research Notes 29:30-31.
Sindhu PV, Thomas CG, Abraham CT (2010). Seed bed manipulations for weed management in wet seeded rice. Indian Journal of Weed Science 42:173-179.
Székács A, Darvas B (2018). Re-registration challenges of glyphosate in the European Union. Frontiers in Environmental Science 6:78.
Travlos IS, Tabaxi I, Papadimitriou D, Bilalis D, Chachalis D (2016). Lolium rigidum Gaud. biotypes from Greece with resistance to glyphosate and other herbicides. Bulletin UASVM Horticulture 73:1-3.
Veeramani A, Prema P, Guru G (2006). Effect of pre- and post-sowing weed management on weeds and summer irrigated cotton. Asian Journal of Plant Science 5:174-178.
Webber III CL, Shrefler JW (2007). Pelargonic acid weed control: concentrations, adjuvants, and application timing. Proceedings of the 26th Oklahoma-Arkansas Horticultural Industry Show 145-148.
Webber III CL, Shrefler JW, Brandenberger LP, Davis AR (2012a). AXXE ® (pelargonic acid) and Racer ® (ammonium nonanoate): Weed control comparisons. Extension Publications 1-4.
Webber III CL, Shrefler JW, Langston VB (2005). Weed control with pelargonic acid (2004) lane Oklahoma. In: Brandenberger L, Wells L. (Eds). 2004 Vegetable weed control studies. Oklahoma State Univ. Div. Agr. Sci. Natural Resources Dept. Hort. Landscape Architecture MP-162 pp 40-42.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.