Physiological characteristics and vase life responses of rose cut flowers (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Royal Baccara’) to benzyl adenine and 1- metylcylcopropene

  • Abbas MIRZAKHANI Horticulture Crops Research Department, Markazi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Arak
  • Mojdeh FARAZMANDI Department of Horticulture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak
  • Nour A. SAJEDI Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Research Center of Applied Plant sciences, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak
  • Mohammad NASRI Department of Agronomy, Varamin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin - Pishva, Varamin,Tehran
  • Masoud GOMARIYAN Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Research Center of Applied Plant sciences, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak
Keywords: endoproteases enzyme; growth regulator; proline content; rose flower

Abstract

+prolonging vase life and decreasing post-harvest losses are considered a basic strategy towards sustainable development of agriculture, and the application of growth regulators, e.g. benzyl adenine(BA) and 1-metylcylcopropane(1-MCP), is one of the practical methods  for them. The effects of benzyl adenine(BA) and 1-metylcylcopropene(1-MCP) on some biochemical characteristics and vase life of rose cv. ‘Royal Baccara’ (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Royal Baccara’), were explored in a factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with three replications in 2017. The factors included BA at three levels of 0 (control), 75 and 150 ppm and 1-MCP in three levels of 0 (control), 1 and 2 µl/L-1. The results showed that the maximum soluble protein content was observed in 150 (ppm) BA+ 2 (µl.L-1) 1-MCP treatments on the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth days. The results of this research revealed that BA at the rates of 75 and 150 ppm and 1-MCP at the rates of 1 and 2 (µl.L-1) enhanced soluble protein content by 10.49, 13.37, 15.18, and 18.18 percent as compared to the control, respectively. The results showed that the maximum proline content was related to the control and the minimum content was observed in the plants treated with 150 (ppm) BA+ 2 (µl.L-1) 1-MCP. The endoproteases enzyme content was slightly decreased on the eighth day, indicating the efficacy of BA and 1-MCP in inhibiting the senescence process and prolonging vase life of rose flowers. The results showed that the application of 1 or 2 μl.L-1 1-MCP and 150 mg L-1 BA can improve the vase life of cut roses

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Anonymous (2016). The biology and ecology of Rosa x Hybrida (Rose). Department of Health and Ageing Office of the Gene Technology Regulator.

Argueso CT, Ferreira FJ, Kieber JJ (2009). Environmental perception avenues: the interaction of cytokinin and environmental response pathways. Plant Cell Environmental 32:1147-1160. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.01940.x

Ashraf M, Foolad M (2007). Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environmental and Experimental Botany 59:206-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2005.12.006

Bates LS, Waldren RP, and Teare ID (1973). Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant and Soil 312:475-479.

Buchanan-Wollaston V (2015). The molecular biology of leaf senescence. Journal of Experimental Botany 135:1101-1109. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/48.2.181

Chang H, Jones ML, Banowetz GM, Clark DG (2005). Overproduction of cytokinins in petunia flowers transformed with PSAG12-IPT delays corolla senescence and decreases sensitivity to ethylene. Plant Physiology132:2174-218. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.103.023945

Chutichudet P, Chutichudet B, M.Boontiang K (2010). Effect of 1-MCP fumigation on vase life and other postharvest qualities of siam tulip (Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb.) cv. Laddawan. International Journal of Agricultural Research 5(1):1-10. https://doi.org/10.3923/ijar.2010.1.10

Darras A, Akoumianaki-Ioannidou A, Pompodakis EN (2010). Evaluation and improvement of post-harvest performance of cut Viburnum tinus inflorescence. Scientia Horticulturae 124(3):376-380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.01.018

Eason JR, Ryan DJ, Pinkney TT, and O'Donoghue EM (2002). Programmed cell death during flower senescence: Isolation and characterization of cysteine proteinases from Sandersonia aurantiaca. Functional Plant Biology 29(9):1055-1064. https://doi.org/10.1071/PP01174

Hahn EJ, Jeon MW, and Paek KY (2011). Culture method and growing medium affect growth and flower quality of several gerbera cultivars. Acta Horticulturae 589:385-392.

https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.548.44

Huang KL, Liao LJ, Shen RS, Chen WS, and Lin YH (2009). The- synergetic effect of maleic hydrazide (1.2-dihydro-3,6-pyridazinedione) and sucrose on vase life of cut roses. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 42:637-641. https://doi.org/10.1071/EA01101

Humaid A (2004). Silver thiosulphate prolongs vase life and improves quality of cut gladiolusand rose flowers. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 2(2):269-300. https://doi.org/10.1234/4.2004.213

Ichimura K, Shimizu H, Iraya T, and Hisamatsu T (2015). Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on the vase life of cut carnation, Delphinium and sweet pea flowers. Bulletin of the National Institute for the Flora Science 2:1-8.

Iqbal D, Habib U, Abbasi NA, and Chaudhry AN (2012). Improvement in postharvest attributes of Zinnia (Zinnia elegans cv. Benarys Giant) cut flowers by the application of various growth regulators. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44:1091-1094.

Irigoyen JJ, Emerich DW, and Sanchez Diz, M (1993). Water stress induced changes in concentrations of proline and total soluble sugars in modulated of alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Physiologia plantarum 84(1):55.60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb08764.x

Jin J, Ningwei SH, Nan M, Jinhe B, and Junping C (2016). Regulation of ascorbate peroxidase at the transcript level is involved in tolerance to post harvest water deficit stress in the cut rose cv. Samantha. Postharvest Biology and Technology 82:206-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.01.014

Kader AA (2013). Postharvest technology of horticultural crops - An Overview from farm to fork. Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology 1:1-8.

Kumar N, Srivastava GC, Dixit K (2008). Role of sucrose synthase and invertases during petal senescence in rose (Rosa hybrida L.). The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 83:520-524. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2008.11512416

Liao LJ, Huang KL, Chen WS, and Cheng YM (2009). Postharvest life of cut rose flowers as affected by silver thiosulfate and sucrose. Botanical Bulletin - Academia Sinica Taipei 41(4):299-303.

Macnish Aj, Leonard RT, Borda AM, Nell T (2010). Genotypic variation in the postharvest performance and ethylene sensitivity of cut rose flowers. HortScience 45(5):790-796. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.45.5.790

Mutu TM (2011). Effect of Accel on the vase life and postharvest quality of Rosa spp. cut flowers. American Journal Science Technology 36:96-99.

Ozden M, and Karaaslan M (2011). Effects of cytokinin on callus proliferation associated with physiological and biochemical changes in Vitis vinifera L. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 33(4):1451-1459. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-010-0681-9

Paull RE, and Goo T (2005). Ethylene and water stress in the senescence of cut rose flowers. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 110:84-88.

Rao SR, Qayyum A, Razzaq A, Ahmad M, Mahmood I, and Sher A (2012). Role of foliar application of salicylic acid and L-tryptophan in drought tolerance of maize. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22:768-772.

Ranwala AP, and Miller WB (2000). Preventive mechanisms of gibberellin4+7 and light on low-temperature-induced leaf senescence in Lilium cv. Stargazer. Postharvest Biology and Technology 19:85-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(00)00072-7

Sahi BG (2009). Effect of cycocel spray and BA on the growth and flowering of Rosa hybrida. Coolwater. LN Duhok Journal University 12:39-43.

Serek M, Sisler EC, and Reid MS (2014). 1-methylcyclopropene, a novel gaseous inhibitor of ethylene action, improves the life of fruits, cut flowers and potted plants. Acta Horticulturae 596:887-892. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.394.37

Sisler EC, Serek M, and Dupille E (2009). Comparison of cyclopropene, 1-methylcyclopropene, and 3, 3- dimethylcyclopropene as ethylene antagonists in plants. Plant Growth Regulation 18:164-174. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00024378

Song J, Fan L, Hughes T, Palmer Campbell L, Li L, Li XH (2014). Quantitative proteomic investigation on the effect of 1-methylcyclopropene treatments on postharvest quality of selected cut flowers. In XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014) 1104:311-318. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1104.47

Sood SH, Vyas D, Nagar PK (2006). Physiological and biochemical studies during flower development in two rose species. Sicentia Horticulturae 108:390-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2006.02.012

Taverner E, Letham DS, Wang J, Cornish E, Willcocks D (1999). Influence of ethylene on cytokinin metabolism in relation to Petunia corolla senescence. Phytochemistry 51:341-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00757-2

Van Meeteren U, Van Gelder H, Van Ieperen W (1999). Reconsideration of the use of deionized water as vase water in postharvest experiments on cut flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology 17(3):139-141.

Wagstaff C, Leverentz MK, Griffiths G, Thomas B, Chanasut U, Stead AD, and Rogers HJ (2002). Cysteine protease gene expression and proteolytic activity during senescence of Alstroemeria petals. Journal of Experimental Botany 53:233-240. https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/53.367.233

Wang YT (2009). Cytokinin and light intensity regulate flowering of Easter Lily. Horticultural Since 98:432-436.

Yamada A, Sekiguchi M, Mimura T, Ozeki Y (2012). The role of plant CCT???? in salt- and osmotic-stress tolerance. Plant and Cell Physiology 43:1043-1048. https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcf120

Yang CW, Kao CH (2000). Ammonium in relation to proline accumulation in detached rice leaves. Plant Growth Regulation 30:139-144. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006329919243

Published
2020-12-22
How to Cite
MIRZAKHANI, A., FARAZMANDI, M., SAJEDI, N. A., NASRI, M., & GOMARIYAN, M. (2020). Physiological characteristics and vase life responses of rose cut flowers (Rosa hybrida L. cv. ‘Royal Baccara’) to benzyl adenine and 1- metylcylcopropene. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(4), 2279-2291. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48411790
Section
Research Articles