Leaves anatomical and physiological adaptations of Vinca major ‘Variegata’ and Hedera helix L. to specific roof garden conditions

  • Sorina A. PETRA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
  • Mihaela I. GEORGESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
  • Cristina R. MANESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
  • Florin TOMA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
  • Monica L. BADEA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Depatment of Bioengineering of Horti-Viticultural Systems, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
  • Elisabeta DOBRESCU University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Landscape architecture, Biodiversity and Ornamental plants, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
  • Vlad I. POPA University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Research Centre for the Quality of Agrofood Products, 59 Marasti Boulevard, District 1, 011464, Bucharest
Keywords: evergreen plants; extreme environment; leaf structure; rooftop plantation

Abstract

Urban agglomerations create extreme microclimates for plants, in which growth, development and survival means adaptation. Plantations expansions beyond the typical gardens to buildings, walls or other build structures were realized in many cities with a rigorous selection of plant species. Although the number of woody species well adapted to the urban environmental conditions is quite large, few species manage to grow and develop on the roofs. Two species - Vinca major ‘Variegata’ and Hedera helix, regularly used for this type of plantations in Bucharest, were selected to understand their mechanism of adaptation. A comparative study was conducted on these species, growing on a rooftop garden and at the ground level into a typical garden. Both species revealed considerable anatomical differences of the leaves. In addition, physiological determinations revealed a stronger intensity of photosynthesis, an intense transpiration and a lower respiration rate at plants grown in the roof garden.

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Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
PETRA, S. A., GEORGESCU, M. I., MANESCU, C. R., TOMA, F., BADEA, M. L., DOBRESCU, E., & POPA, V. I. (2020). Leaves anatomical and physiological adaptations of Vinca major ‘Variegata’ and Hedera helix L. to specific roof garden conditions. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(1), 318-328. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48111784
Section
Research Articles