Capture of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) during explosion in a cotton field in response to height and orientation of yellow sticky cards
Keywords:abundance; across-year investigation; cotton field; natural control; pest management tactic
Aphis gossypii Glover is a polyphagous herbivore that causes serious damage to cottons. Current understanding to trap its population is limited in the field approach. In this study, a two-year-course study was conducted to test the yellow sticky card (YSC) effects of orientation (east, up, west, and bottom) and height (30, 60, and 90 cm over the cotton crown) on numbers of trapped A. gossypii every three days in ninth days after explosion in a cotton plantation in Shihezi, Xinjiang, Northwest China in 2014 and 2015. In 2014, YSCs in the east orientation at a height of 60 cm trapped the highest number of A. gossypii five days after explosion. In 2015, highest number of A. gossypii were trapped by YSCs in the up orientation at a height of 30 cm. Our results showed that YSC in the up orientation at 30-60 cm over the cotton crown can trap the highest number of A. gossypii since the five to seven days after aphid explosion. In conclusion, the spatial placement of sticky cards can be available to trap the maximum number of pests which should be incorporated into observations in continuous years.
Abang AF, Srinivasan R, Kekeunou S, Yeboah M, Hanna R, Lin MY, … Bilong Bilong CF (2016). Relationship of phenotypic structure and allelochemical compounds of okra (Abelmoschus spp.) to resistance against Aphis gossypii glover. International Journal of Pest Management 62(1):55-63.
Al-Jabr AM, Cranshaw WS (2007). Trapping tomato psyllid, Bactericera cockerlli (Sulc) (Hemiptera:Psyllidae), in greenhouses. Southwestern Entomologist 32(1):25-30.
Amoah B, Schilling MW, Phillips TW (2017). Physical factors influencing orientation of Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (Sarcoptiformes: Acaridae) to food-baited traps. Journal of Insect Behavior 30(5):544-562.
Beers EH (2012). Effect of trap color and orientation on the capture of Aphelinus mali (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), a parasitoid of woolly apple aphid (Hemiptera:Aphididae). Journal of Economic Entomology 105(4):1342-1349.
Bian L, Yang PX, Yao YJ, Luo ZX, Cai XM, Chen ZM (2016). Effect of trap color, height, and orientation on the capture of yellow and stick tea thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and nontarget insects in tea gardens. Journal of Economic Entomology 1:1-8.
Blackman RL, Eastop VF (2007). Taxonomic issues. In: van Emden HF, Harrington R (Eds). Aphids as crop pests. Oxfordshire (UK): CAB International, pp 1-29.
Brown A, Myers JH (2010). Temporal and spatial variability of rosy apple aphid Deysaphis plantaginea populations: is there a role of the alternate host plant Plantago major? Agriculture and Forest Entomology 12(4):333-341.
Byers JA (2011). Analysis of vertical distributions and effective flight layers of insects: Three-dimensional simulation of flying insects and catch at trap heights. Environmental Entomology 40:1210-1222.
Capinera JL (2000). Melon aphid or cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae). EENY-173 (IN330), one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department (Cooperative Extensino Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences) University of Florida. Available from: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in330
Chu CC, Simmons AM, Chen TY, Alexander PJ, Henneberry TJ (2004). Lime green light-emitting diode equipped yellow sticky card traps for monitoring whiteflies, aphids and fungus gnats in greenhouses. Insect Science 11(2):125-133.
Color-Hex (2019). The color-hex color names. Retrieved 2019 January 31 from http://www.color-hex.com/color-names.html
Darvishzadeh S, Jafari S (2016). Life history performance of Aphis gossypii Glover (Aphididae) on seven cucumber cultivars. International Journal of Pest Management 62:245-250.
Gao GZ, Ponsard S, Lu ZZ, Wang PL, Sharma S (2016). Different thermal responses in two coexisting aphids may account for differences in their seasonal abundance in cotton fields. International Journal of Pest Management 62:288-294.
Inaizumi M (1980). Studies on the life-cycle and polymorphism of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera:Aphididae) [Aphid]. Special Bulletin of the College of Agriculture-Utsunomiya University (Japan).
Li HB, Wu KM, Xu Y, Yang XR, Yao J, Sun SL, Li XY, Jiang HY (2008). Dynamic analysis of population of cotton aphids in the south of Xinjiang. Xinjiang Agricultural Science 45:670-675.
Lloyd L (1921). Notes on a colour tropism of Asterichiton (Aleurodes) vaporariorum, Westwood. Bulletin of Entomological Research 12(3):355-359.
Kocourek F, Havelka J, Bberankova J, Jaroŝik V (1994). Effect of temperature on development rate and intrinsic rate of increase of Aphis gossypii reared on greenhouse cucumbers. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 71:59-64.
Owusu E, Yeboah PM (2007). Status of cotton aphid, Aphis gosypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) resistance to insecticides in Southern Ghana. Ghana Journal of Science 47:107-115.
Paddock EM (1919). The cotton or melon louse: life history studies. Texas AES. Bulletin 257:1-54.
Parajulee MN (2007). Influence of constant temperature on life history parameters of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, infesting cotton. Environmental Entomology 36:666-672.
Shrestha RB, Parajulee MN (2013). Potential cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, population suppression by arthropod predators in upland cotton. Insect Science 20:778-788.
Steinkraus DC, Boys GO, Rosenheim JA (2002). Classical biological control of Aphis gossypii (homoptera: Aphididae) with Neozygites fresenii (Entomophthorales: Neozygitaceae) in California cotton. Biological Control 25:297-304.
Storer JR, Young S, Hardie J (1999). Three-dimensional analysis of aphid landing behavior in the laboratory and field. Physiological Entomology 24:271-277.
Straw NA, Williams DT, Green G (2011). Influence of sticky trap color and height above ground on capture of alate Elatobium abietinum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Sitka spruce plantations. Environmental Entomology 1:120-125.
Wang Z, Xu J, Wei H (2015). Spring frost following warm spell and its effect on the growth of the trees in spring. 16:195-201. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Wang L, Zhang S, Luo JY, Wang CY, Lv LM, Zhu XZ, Li CH, Cui JJ (2016). Identification of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) biotypes from different host plants in North China. PLoS one 11:e0146345.
Wei H, Hauer RJ, Chen G, Chen X, He X (2020). Growth, nutrient assimilation, and carbohydrate metabolism in Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis) seedlings in response to light spectra. Forests 11(1):44.
Wu KM, Guo YY (2003). Influence of Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner cotton planting on population dynamics of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, in Northern China. Environmental Entomology 32:312-318.
Ying QL, Kong Y, Jones C, Zheng YB (2020). Responses of yield and appearance quality of four Brassicaceae microgreens to varied blue light proportion in red and blue light-emitting diodes lighting. Scientia Horticulturae 259:108857.
Yokomi RK, Tang YQ (1995). Host preference and suitability of two Aphelinid parasitoids (Hym: Aphelinidae) for Aphid (Hom: Aphididae) on citrus. Journal of Economic Entomology 88:840-845.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.