Response of Hyacinthus orientalis L. to salinity caused by increased concentrations of sodium chloride in the soil

  • Maria ULCZYCKA-WALORSKA Voivodeship Plant Health and Seed Inspection, Grunwaldzka 250, 60-166 Poznań
  • Agnieszka KRZYMIŃSKA Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Ornamental Plants, Dąbrowskiego 159, 60-594 Poznań
  • Hanna BANDURSKA Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Plants Physiology, Wołyńska 35, 60-637 Poznań
  • Jan BOCIANOWSKI Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznań
Keywords: bulbous plants; bulbs; flower bed; NaCl; proline


Hyacinths are used in flowerbed in cities. Plants are exposed to difficult urban conditions prevailing in winter, including notably to soil salinity resulting mainly from the use of sodium chloride. The aim of the study was analysed the response of Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Delft Blue’ to increased concentrations of sodium chloride in the soil. Pots with bulbs were each treated with 100 cm3 of NaCl aqueous solution at a concentration of either 10 g .dm-3 (dose level 1) or 20 g. dm-3 (dose level 2). Pots were irrigated with the NaCl aqueous solution in September or in January of the following year. After keeping the bulbs at a cool temperature for 12 weeks, the plants were grown in a greenhouse where they were assessed in terms of growth parameters and free proline content. The obtained results showed that the growth and the ornamental qualities of Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Delft Blue’ after treatment with sodium chloride were sufficient for recommending this plant for growing in flower beds exposed to salinity of 6.1-8.6 g dm-3. The leaf greenness index and proline content (in the second season) were greater and the length of forcing period was longer (in the second season), when the sodium chloride was applied to the soil on the day of planting bulbs.


Metrics Loading ...


Ashraf M, Orooj A (2006). Salt stress effects on growth, ion accumulation and seed oil concentration in an arid zone traditional medicinal plant ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi [L.] Sprague). Journal of Arid Environments 64:209-220.

Bates L, Waldren R, Teare I (1973). Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil 39:205-207.

Bai WB, Li PF, Li BG, Fujiyama H, Fan FC (2008). Some physiological responses of Chinese iris to salt stress. Pedosphere 18(4):454-463.

Chinnusamy V, Zhu J, Zhu JK (2006). Salt stress signaling and mechanism of plant salt tolerance. Genetic Engineering 27:141-177.

Fornes F, Belda RM, Carrión C, Noguera V, García-Augustín P, Abad M (2007). Pre-conditioning ornamental plants to drought by means of saline water irrigation as related to salinity tolerance. Scientia Horticulturae 113:52-59.

Gharsallah C, Fakhfakh H, Grubb D, Gorsane F (2016). Effect of salt stress on ion concentration, proline content, antioxidant enzyme activities and gene expression in tomato cultivars. AoB Plants 8:055.

Hayat S, Hayat Q, Alymeni MN, Wani AS, Pichtel J, Ahmed A (2012). Role of proline under changing environments. Plant Signal and Behaviour 7(11):1456-1466.

Khalid KA, Cai W (2011). The effect of mannitol and salinity stresses on growth and biochemical accumulations in lemon balm. Acta Ecologica Sinica 31:112-120.

Kücükahmetler Ö (2002). The effects of salinity on yield and quality of ornamental plants and cut flowers. Acta Horticulturae 573:407-414.

Läuchli A, Grattan SR (2007). Plant stress and development under salinity stress. In: Jenks MA, Hasegawa PM, Jain SM (EDS). Advances in molecular breeding toward drought and salt tolerant crops. Dordrecht, Springer pp 1-32.

Liang W, Ma X, Wan P, Liu L (2018). Plant salt-tolerance mechanism: a review. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 495:286-291.

Mansour MMF, Ali EF (2017). Evaluation of proline functions in saline conditions. Phytochemistry 140:52-68.

Martinez JP, Kinet JM, Bajji M, Lutts S (2005). NaCl alleviates polyethylene glycol–induced water stress in the halophyte species Atriplex halimus L. Journal of Experimental Botany 56(419):2421-2431.

Niu G, Rodriguez DS (2006). Relative of salt tolerance of selected herbaceous perennials and groundcovers. Scientia Horticulturae 110:352-358.

Pacewicz K, Gregorczyk A (2009). Porównanie ocen zawartości chlorofilu chlorofilometrami SPAD-502 i N-Tester [Comparison of values of the chlorophyll content by chlorophyllmeter SPAD-502 and N-Tester]. Folia Pomeranae Universitatis Technologiae Stetinensis, Agricultura, Alimentaria, Piscaria et Zootechnica 269:41-46.

Parida AK, Das AB (2005). Salt tolerance and salinity effects on plants: a review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 60:324-349.

Parihar P, Singh S, Singh R, Singh VP, Prasad SM (2015). Effect of salinity stress on plants and its tolerance strategies: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22:4056-4075.

Rajaei SM, Niknam V, Sezedi SM, Ebrahimyadeh H, Rayavi K (2009). Contractile roots are the most sensitive organ in Crocus sativus to salt stress. Biologia Plantarum 53(3):523-529.

Rajesh A, Arumugam R, Venkatesalu V (1998). Growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Ceriops roxburghiana under NaCl stress. Photosynthetica 35(2):285-287.

Ramezani E, Sepaniou MG, Badi HAN (2011). The effect of salinity on the growth, morphology and physiology of Echium amoenum Fisch. & Mey. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(44):8765-8773.

Ramoliya PJ, Patel HM, Pandey AN (2004). Effect of salinisation of soil on growth and macro- and micro- nutrient accumulation in seedlings of Acacia catechu (Mimosaceae). Annals of Applied Biology 144:321-332.

Renau-Morata B, Gebauer SG, Sánchez M, Molina RV (2012). Effect of corm size, water stress and cultivation conditions on photosynthesis and biomass partitioning during the vegetative growth of saffron (Crocus sativus L.). Industrial Crops and Products 39:40-46.

Singh M, Singh A, Prasad SM, Singh RK (2017). Regulation of plants metabolism in response to salt stress: an omics approach. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 39:48.

Tavakkoli E, Rengasamy P, McDonald GK (2010). High concentrations of Na+ and Cl- ions in soil solution hale simultaneous detrimental effects on growth of faba bean under salinity stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 61(15):4449-4459.

Teh CY, Shaharuddin NA, Ho CL, Mahmood M (2016). Exogenous proline significantly affects the plant growth and nitrogen assimilation enzymes activities in rice (Oryza sativa) under salt stress. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 38:151.

Türkoglu N, Erez ME, Battal P (2011). Determination of physiological responses on hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis) plant exposed to different salt concentrations. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(32):6045-6051.

Veatch-Blohm ME, Sawch D, Elia N, Pinciotti D (2014). Salinity tolerance of three commonly planted Narcissus cultivars. HortScience 49(9):1158-1164.

How to Cite
ULCZYCKA-WALORSKA, M., KRZYMIŃSKA, A., BANDURSKA, H., & BOCIANOWSKI, J. (2020). Response of Hyacinthus orientalis L. to salinity caused by increased concentrations of sodium chloride in the soil. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 48(1), 398-405.
Research Articles