Content in organic acids of Mespilus spp. and Crataegus spp. genotypes
Medlar and hawthorn genotypes were analyzed and also their individual organic acids, in order to better understand their use as functional foods, but also as ingredients in pharmaceutical, nutritional products and in medicine. HPLC analysis was carried out using a Surveyor Thermo Electron system. Ascorbic, oxalic, tartric, malic, citric, succinic and fumaric acids were detected. On average, malic acid was predominant with a range of 415.08 mg/100 g FW in Mespilus germanica and 1,128.68 mg/100 g FW in Crataegus pentagyna. The order of organic acid depending on their content/100 g FW was: for Mespilus germanica - malic > tartric > oxalic > citric > fumaric > ascorbic > succinic; for Crataegus monogyna - malic > oxalic > citric > succinic >tartric > ascorbic > fumaric; for Crataegus pentagyna - malic > citric > oxalic > succinic >tartric > ascorbic > fumaric. The data obtained in this study do confirm that medlar and hawthorn fruits are a rich source of organic acid, and their organic acid content within the 100 g was greater than human daily consumption for this required level.
Ayaz FA, Demir O, Torun H, Kolcuoglu Y, Colak A (2008). Characterization of polyphenoloxidase (PPO) and total phenolic contents in medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) fruit during ripening and over ripening. Food Chemistry 106(1):291-298.
Ayaz FA, Glew RH, Huang HS, Chuang LT, VanderJagt DJ, Strnad M (2002). Evolution of fatty acids in medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) mesocarp at different stages of ripening. Grasas y Aceites 53(3):352-356.
Ayaz FA, Torun H, Ayaz S, Correia PJ, Alaiz M, Sanz C, Strnad M (2007). Determination of chemical composition of anatolian carob pod (Ceratonia siliqua L.): sugars, amino and organic acids, minerals and phenolic compounds. Journal of Food Quality 30(6):1040-1055.
Bekbolatova E, Kukula-Koch W, Baj T, Stasiak N, Ibadullayeva G, Koch W, Boylan F (2018). Phenolic composition and antioxidant potential of different organs of Kazakh Crataegus almaatensis Pojark: A comparison with the European Crataegus oxyacantha L. flowers. Open Chemistry 16(1):415-426.
Dincer B, Colak A, Aydin N, Kadioglu A, Güner S (2002). Characterization of polyphenoloxidase from medlar fruits (Mespilus germanica L., Rosaceae). Food Chemistry 77(1):1-7.
Glew RH, Ayaz FA, Sanz C, VanderJagt DJ, Huang HS, Chuang LT, Strnad M (2003a). Changes in sugars, organic acids and amino acids in medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) during fruit development and maturation. Food chemistry 83(3):363-369.
Glew RH, Ayaz FA, Sanz C, VanderJagt DJ, Huang HS, Chuang LT, Strnad M (2003b). Effect of postharvest period on sugars, organic acids and fatty acids composition in commercially sold medlar (Mespilus germanica 'Dutch') fruit. European Food Research and Technology 216(5):390-394.
Glew RH, Ayaz FA, Vanderjagt DJ, Millson M, Dris R, Niskanen R (2003c). A research note mineral composition of medlar (Mespilus germanica L.) fruit at different stages of maturity. Journal of Food quality 26(5):441-447.
Gülçin İ, Topal F, Sarikaya SBÖ, Bursal E, Bilsel G, Gören AC (2011). Polyphenol contents and antioxidant properties of medlar (Mespilus germanica L.). Records of Natural Products 5(3):158-162.
Gundogdu M, Ozrenk K, Ercisli S, Kan T, Kodad O, Hegedus A (2014). Organic acids, sugars, vitamin C content and some pomological characteristics of eleven hawthorn species (Crataegus spp.) from Turkey. Biological Research 47(1):21.
Halvorsen BL, Holte K, Myhrstad MCW, Barikmo I, Hvattum E, Remberg SF, … Blomhoff R (2002). A systematic screening of total antioxidants in dietary plants. The Journal of Nutrition 132(3):461-471.
Jurikova T, Sochor J, Rop O, Mlcek J, Balla S, Szekeres L, Kizek, R (2012). Polyphenolic profile and biological activity of Chinese hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida BUNGE) fruits. Molecules 17(12):14490-14509.
Kayashima T, Katayama T (2002). Oxalic acid is available as a natural antioxidant in some systems. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects 1573:1-3.
Koyuncu F (2004). Organic acid composition of native black mulberry fruit. Chemistry of Natural Compounds 40(4):367-369.
Kraft TFB, Dey M, Rogers RB, Ribnicky DM, Gipp DM, Cefalu WT, … Lila MA (2008). Phytochemical composition and metabolic performance-enhancing activity of dietary berries traditionally used by native North Americans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56(3):654-660.
Lee SK, Kader AA (2000). Preharvest and postharvest factors influencing vitamin C content of horticultural crops. Postharvest Biology and Technology 20(3):207-220.
Liu P, Kallio H, Lu D, Zhou C, Ou S, Yang B (2009). Acids, sugars, and sugar alcohols in Chinese hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58(2):1012-1019.
Liu P, Kallio H, Lu D, Zhou C, Ou S, Yang B (2010). Acids, sugars, and sugar alcohols in Chinese hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58:1012-1019.
Pereira C, Barros L, Carvalho AM, Ferreira IC (2013). Use of UFLC-PDA for the analysis of organic acids in thirty-five species of food and medicinal plants. Food Analytical Methods 6(5):1337-1344.
Pourmortazavi SM, Ghadiri M, Hajimirsadeghi SS (2005). Supercritical fluid extraction of volatile components from Bunium persicum Boiss. (black cumin) and Mespilus germanica L. (medlar) seeds. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 18(5):439-446.
Romero Rodriguez MA, Vazquez Oderiz ML, Lopez Hernandez J, Lozano JS (1992). Determination of vitamin C and organic acids in various fruits by HPLC. Journal of Chromatographic Science 30(11):433-437.
Ruiz-Rodríguez BM, Ancos B, Sánchez-Moreno C, Fernández-Ruiz V, Cortes Sánchez-Mata M, Cámara M, Tardío J (2014). Wild blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) and hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) fruits as valuable sources of antioxidants. Fruits 69(1):61-73.
Shui G, Leong LP (2002). Separation and determination of organic acids and phenolic compounds in fruit juices and drinks by high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A 977(1):89-96.
Copyright (c) 2020 Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.