The Estimation of Nitrogen Uptake and Utilization Efficiency in Cotton by the Fertilizer-Response Model
Keywords:luxury uptake; optimum dose; nutrient limit; nutrient loading
Due to the indeterminate growth habit of cotton crops, a better understanding of N status at the rational fertilizer regime is important to promote lint yield. The fertilizer-response model was employed to evaluate N status by analyzing data of shoot dry mass, N content and N concentration at different growing stages. A field study was conducted on drip-irrigated cotton plants with N fertilizer addition in total amounts of 0 (N0), 120 (N1), 240 (N2), 360 (N3) and 480 (N4) kg ha-1 in Xinjiang, China in 2016. Thirty percent of total fertilizers were applied at planting and the rest 70% were applied over six applications. The N fertilizer treatment at the accumulative rate of 70 kg ha-1 was enough to induce the N status of steady state accumulation 60 days after germination. Since 90 days the treatments that delivered the N amount between 120 and 240 kg ha-1 was deficient for cotton demand, higher rates from 360 and 480 kg ha-1 induced inherent N reserve and resulted in the highest level of yield. With regard to the practical meaning, the N fertilizer dose of 360 kg ha-1 can be used for cotton growth. The N fertilizer dose of 120 kg ha-1 can be recommended when the yield of 5,840 kg ha-1 lint can meet the goal of cotton culture.
An BY, Wei HX, Li LL, Guo P (2018). Nutrient uptake and utilization and antioxidants of fruits in red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) cultivar ‘Autumn Bliss’ in response to fertilization under extended photoperiod. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 46(2):440-448.
Ayissaa T, Kebedeb F (2011). Effect of nitrogenous fertilizer on the growth and yield of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) varieties in Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Journal of Drylands 4:248-258.
Bai Y, Mao SC, Tian LW, Li L, Dong HZ (2017). Advances and prospects of high-yielding and simplified cotton cultivation technology in Xinjiang cotton-growing area. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 50:38-50.
Chakwizira E, de Ruiter JM, Maley S, Teixeira E (2016). Evaluating the critical nitrogen dilution curve for storage root crops. Field Crop Research 199:21-30.
Chen WP, Hou ZN, Wu LS, Liang YC, Wei CZ (2010). Effect of salinity and nitrogen on cotton growth in arid environment. Plant and Soil 326(1-2):61-73.
Chapin FS (1980). The mineral nutrition of wild plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11(1):233-260.
Ciampitti IA, Vyn TJ (2011). A comprehensive study of plant density consequences on nitrogen uptake dynamics of maize plants from vegetative to reproductive stages. Field Crop Research 121(1):2-18.
Gerik TJ, Oosterhuis DM, Torbert HA (1998). Managing cotton nitrogen supply. Advances in Agronomy 64:115-147.
Hawkins BJ (2007). Family variation in nutritional and growth traits in Douglas-fir seedlings. Tree Physiology 27(6):911-919.
Hou Z, Li P, Li B, Gong Z, Wang Y (2007). Effects of fertigation scheme on N uptake and N use efficiency in cotton. Plant Soil 290(1-2):115-126.
Hou Z, Chen W, Li X, Xiu L, Wu L (2009). Effects of salinity and fertigation practice on cotton yield and 15N recovery. Agricultural Water Management 96(10):1483-1489.
Imo M, Timmer VR (1997). Vector diagnosis of nutrient dynamics in mesquite seedlings. Forest Science 43(2):268-273.
Jaynes DB, Colvin TS, Karlen DL, Cambardella CA, Meek DW (2001). Nitrate loss in subsurface drainage as affected by nitrogen fertilizer rate. Journal of Environment Quality 30(4):1305-1314.
Jia B, He HB, Ma FY, Diao M, Jiang GY, Zheng Z, … Fan H (2014). Modeling aboveground biomass accumulation of cotton. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 24:280-289.
Khan A, Tan DKY, Afridi MZ, Luo HH, Tung SA, Ajab M, Fahad S (2017a). Nitrogen fertility and abiotic stresses management in cotton crop: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24(17):14551-14566.
Khan A, Najeeb U, Wang LS, Tan DKY, Yang GZ, Munsif F, … Hafeez A (2017b). Planting density and sowing date strongly influence growth and lint yield of cotton crops. Field Crop Research 209:129-135.
Li XW, Gao Y, Wei HX, Xia HT, Chen QX (2017). Growth, biomass accumulation and foliar nutrient status in fragrant rosewood (Dalbergia odorifera TC Chen) seedlings cultured with conventional and exponential fertilizations under different photoperiod regimes. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 63(2):153-162.
Li XW, Chen QX, Lei HQ, Wang JW, Yang S, Wei HX (2018). Nutrient uptake and utilization by fragrant rosewood (Dalbergia odorifera) seedlings cultured with oligosaccharide addition under different lighting spectra. Forests 9(1):1-11.
Lokhande S, Reddy KR (2015). Cotton reproductive and fiber quality responses to nitrogen nutrition. International Journal of Plant Production 9(2):191-210.
Macdonald BCT, Rochester IJ, Nadelko A (2015). High yielding cotton produced without excessive nitrous oxide emissions. Agronomy Journal 107(5):1673-1681.
Macdonald BCT, Ringrose-Voase AJ, Nadelko AJ, Farrell M, Tuomi S, Nachimuthu G (2016). Dissolved organic nitrogen contributes significantly to leaching from furrow-irrigated cotton-wheat-maize rotations. Soil Research 55(1):70-77.
Macdonald BCT, Chang YF, Nadelko A, Tuomi S, Glover M (2017). Tracking fertilizer and soil nitrogen irrigated cotton: uptake, losses and the soil N stock. Soil Research 55(3):264-272.
Marschner P (2013). Marschner’s mineral nutrition of higher plants (2th ed). Academic Press, Beijing, China.
Mchugh AD, Bhattarai S, Lotz G, Midmore DJ (2008). Effects of subsurface drip irrigation rates and furrow irrigation for cotton grown on a vertisol on off-site movement of sdiments, nutrients and pesticides. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 28(4):507-519.
Novoa R, Loomi RS (1981). Green plants play a unique role among living organisms through their ability to reduce carbon in photosynthesis. Plant and Soil 58:177-204.
Read JJ, Reddy KR, Jenkins JN (2006). Yield and fiber quality of upland cotton as influenced by nitrogen and potassium nutrition. European Journal of Agronomy 24(3):282-290.
Salifu KF, Jacobs DF (2006). Characterizing fertility targets and multi-element interactions in nursery culture of Quercus rubra seedlings. Annals of Forest Science 63(3):231-237.
Salifu KF, Timmer VR (2003). Optimizing nitrogen loading of Picea mariana seedlings during nursery culture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33(7):1287-1294.
Shah AN, Iqbal J, Tanveer M, Yang GZ, Hassan W, Fahad S, … Wu YY (2017). Nitrogen fertilization and conservation tillage: a review on growth, yield, and greenhouse gas emissions in cotton. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24(3):2261-2272.
Singh D, Singh K, Hundal HS, Sekhon KS (2012). Diagnosis and recommendation integrated system (DRIS) for evaluating nutrient status of cotton (Gossipium hirsutum). Journal of Plant Nutrition 35(2):192-202.
Tang HY, Yang GZ, Zhang XL, Siddique K (2012). Improvement of fertilizer N recovery by allocating more N for later application in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Journal of Engineering Science 12(4):32-37.
Timmer VR (1997). Exponential nutrient loading: a new fertilization technique to improve seedling performance on competitive sites. New Forests 13(1-3):279-299.
Timmer VR, Miller BD (1991). Effects of contrasting fertilization and moisture regimes on biomass, nutrients, and water relations of container grown red pine seedlings. New Forests 5(4):335-348.
Wang G, Asiimwe RK, Andrade P (2011). Growth and yield response to plant population of two cotton varieties with different growth habits. Arizona Cotton Report pp 161.
Wang Z, Ma LY, Jia ZK, Wei HX, Duan J (2016). Interactive effects of irrigation and exponential fertilization on nutritional characteristics in Populus × euramericana cv. ‘74/76’ cuttings in an open-air nursery in Beijing, China. Journal of Forestry Research 27(3):569-582.
Witt C, Dobemann A, Abdulrachman S, Gines HC, Wang G, Nagarajan R, … Olk DC (1999). Internal nutrient efficiencies of irrigated lowland rice in tropical and subtropical Asia. Field Crops Research 63(2):113-138.
Wei HX, Xu CY, Hawkins BJ, Ma LY, Jiang ZK (2012). Organic amendment and inorganic fertilization affect soil properties and quality of Larix olgensis bareroot stock. New Forests 43(2):155-168.
Wei HX, Xu CY, Ren J, Ma LY, Duan J, Jiang LN (2013). Newly transplanted Larix olgensis Henry stock with greater root biomass has higher early nitrogen flux rate. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 59(5):740-749.
Wei HX, Xu CY, Ma LY, Duan J, Jiang LN, Ren J (2014). Effect of late-season fertilization on nutrient reserves and carbohydrate accumulation in bareroot Larix olgensis seedlings. Journal of Plant Nutrition 37(2):279-293.
Xue XP, Wang JG, Wang ZW, Guo WQ, Zhou, ZG (2007). Determination of a critical dilution curve for nitrogen concentration in cotton. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 170(6):811-817.
Yao H, Sui LL, Zhang WF, Zuo WQ, Yi XP, Zhang YL, Lei ZY (2017). Characters in light-response curves of canopy photosynthetic use efficiency of light and N in responses to plant density in field-grown cotton. Field Crops Research 203:192-200.
Zhang HZ, Khan A, Tan DKY, Luo HH (2017). Rational water and nitrogen management improves root growth, increases yield and maintains water use efficiency of cotton under mulch drip irrigation. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:912.
Zhao B (2014). Determining of a critical dilution curve for plant nitrogen concentration in winter barley. Field Crops Research 160:64-72.
Zhao ZG, Wang EL, Wang ZM, Zang HC, Liu Y, Angus JF (2014). A reappraisal of the critical nitrogen concentration of wheat and its implications on crop modeling. Field Crops Research 164(1):65-73.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.