Study on Leaf Epidermis Structure and Dust-Retention Ability of Five Machilus Species
Keywords:dust-retention; epidermal cell; leaf morphology; Machilus; metal element
Taking the leaves of five Machilus species as a research object, they are Machilus oreophila, Machilus chinensis, Machilus microcarpa, Machilus lichuanensis and Machilus suaveolens. By measuring leaf surface area, cell length and width , the total dust retention, pH value of retention fluid and the content of Pb, Cr, Fe, Cu and Cd of metallic elements were measured, and compare the dust retention of five plant seedling leaves ability. The results showed that: the leaves of different kinds of Machilus have different dust abilities. Comprehensive analysis can be obtained from five kinds of Machilus dust ability in descending order of M. suaveolens > M. lichuanensis > M. chinensis > M. microcarpa > M. oreophila.
Abdel-Halim SH (2003). Comparison of matrix modifiers in the determination of cadmium and lead in industrial waste water plants around Cairo by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 71(6):1213-1221.
Beckett KP, Freer-Smith PH, Taylor G (1998). Urban woodlands: their role in reducing the effects of particulate pollution. Environmental Pollution 99(3):34-36.
Bogo H, Otero M, Castro P, Ozafrán MJ, Kreiner A, Calvo EJ, Negri RM (2003). Study of atmospheric particulate matter in Buenos Aires city. Atmospheric Environment 37(8):1135-1147.
Brack CL (2002). Pollution mitigation and carbon sequestration by an urban forest. Environmental Pollution 117(1):195-200.
Dongarrà G, Sabatino G, Triscari M, Varrica D (2003). The effects of anthropogenic particulate emissions on roadway dust and Nerium oleander leaves in Messina (Sicily, Italy). Journal of Environmental Monitoring 5(5):766-773.
Fujiwara FG, Gómez DR, Dawidowski L, Perelman P, Faggi A (2011). Metals associated with airborne particulate matter in road dust and tree bark collected in a megacity. Ecological Indicators 11(2):240-247.
Fernández AJ, Oliva SR (2006). The composition and relationships between trace element levels in inhalable atmospheric particles (PM10) and in leaves of Nerium oleander L. and Lantana camara L. Chemosphere 62(10):1665-1672.
Guo X, Li H, Chen H (2017). The Effects of biochar and intercropping on the Cd, Cr and Zn speciation in soils and plant uptake by Machilus pauhoi. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 98(4):574-581.
Gajbhiye T, Pandey SK, Kim KH, Szulejko JE, Prasad S(2016). Airborne foliar transfer of PM bound heavy metals in Cassia siamea: a less common route of heavy metal accumulation. Science of the Total Environment 573:123-130.
Kretinin VM, Selyanina ZM (2006). Dust retention by tree and shrub leaves and its accumulation in light chestnut soils under forest shelterbelts. Eurasian Soil Science 39(3):334-338.
Paulbeckett K, Freer-Smith PH, Taylor G (2000). The capture of particulate pollution by trees at five contrasting urban sites. Arboricultural Journal 24(2-3):209-230.
Liu L, Guan DS, Peart MR, Wang G, Zhang H, Li ZW (2013). The dust retention capacities of urban vegetation-a case study of Guangzhou, South China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 20(9):6601-6610.
Liu L, Guan DS, Peart MR (2012). The morphological structure of leaves and the dust-retaining capability of afforested plants in urban Guangzhou, South China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 19(8):3440-3449.
Lehndorff E, Schwark L (2010). Biomonitoring of air quality in the Cologne Conurbation using pine needles as a passive sampler-Part III: Major and trace elements. Atmospheric Environment 44(24):2822-2829.
Norouzia S, Khademi H, Cano AF, Acosta JA (2015). Using plane tree leaves for biomonitoring of dust borne heavy metals: A case study from Isfahan, Central Iran. Ecological Indicators 57:64-73.
Prusty BAK, Mishra PC, Azeez PA (2005). Dust accumulation and leaf pigment content in vegetation near the national highway at Sambalpur, Orissa, India. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 60(2):228-235.
Powe NA, Willis KG (2004). Mortality and morbidity benefits of air pollution (SO2 and PM10) absorption attributable to woodland in Britain. Journal of Environmental Management 70(2):119-128.
Qiu Y, Guan DS, Song WW, Huang KY (2009). Capture of heavy metals and sulfur by foliar dust in urban Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China. Chemosphere 75(4):447-452.
Spitsyna NT, Skripal'shchikova LN (1991). Phytomass and dust accumulation of birch forests near open-pit mines. Soviet Journal of Ecology 22(6):354-359.
Sternberg T, Viles H, Cathersides A, Edwards M (2010). Dust particulate absorption by ivy (Hedera helix L.) on historic walls in urban environments. Science of the Total Environment 409(1):162-168.
Schaubroeck T, Deckmyn G, Neirynck J, Staelens J, Adriaenssens S, Dewulf J, Muys B, Verheyen K (2014). Multilayered modeling of particulate matter removal by a growing forest over time, from plant surface deposition to wash off via rainfall. Environmental Science and Technology 48(18):10785-10794.
Schabel HG (1980). Urban forestry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Journal of Arboriculture 6(11):281-286.
Sloof JE (1995). Lichens as quantitative biomonitors for atmospheric trace-element deposition, using transplants. Atmospheric Environment 29(1):11-20.
Simon E, BraunM, Vidic A, Bogyó D, Fábián I, Tóthmérész B (2011). Air pollution assessment based on elemental concentration of leaves tissue and foliage dust along an urbanization gradient in Vienna. Environmental Pollution 159(5):1229-1233.
Tomašević M, Vukmirović Z, Rajšić S, Tasić M, Stevanović B (2005). Characterization of trace metal particles deposited on some deciduous tree leaves in an urban area. Chemosphere 61(6):753-760.
Tallis M, Taylor G, Sinnett D, Freer-Smith P (2011). Estimating the removal of atmospheric particulate pollution by the urban tree canopy of London, under current and future environments. Landscape and Urban Planning 103(2):129-138.
Wu ZY, Raven PH (1994). Flora of China. Volume 17: Verbenaceae through Solanaceae. Kew Bulletin 50(4):838.
Wlau O, Luk SF (2001). Leaves of Bauhinia blakeana as indicators of atmospheric pollution in Hong Kong. Atmospheric Environment 35(18):3113-3120.
Yin RJ, Wang DQ, Deng HG, Shi RH, Chen ZL (2013). Heavy metal contamination and assessment of roadside and foliar dust along the outer-ring highway of Shanghai, China. Journal of Environment Quality 42(6):1724-1732.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.