The Influence of Aqueous Extracts from Stellaria media L. on the Growth of Zea mays L. Cultivars

  • Peiman ZANDI Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Beijing 100081
  • Katarzyna MOŻDŻEŃ Pedagogical University of Cracow, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków
  • Beata BARABASZ-KRASNY Pedagogical University of Cracow, Institute of Biology, Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Kraków
  • Joanna PUŁA University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, Mickiewicza 21 Ave, 31-120 Kraków
  • Alina STACHURSKA-SWAKOŃ Jagiellonian University, Institute of Botany, Gronostajowa 3, 30-387 Kraków
  • Yaosheng WANG Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Beijing 100081
Keywords: allelopathy; fresh and dry mass; germination; seedlings morphology

Abstract

Plants introduce chemicals into the environment that can be toxic, both for themselves and for other species. Weed infestation of crops is a competition for environmental resources, but at the same time is a source of chemical substances released into the soil, often reducing yield potential. The paper attempts to investigate the allelopathic interaction of aquatic extracts from dry shoots of chickweed Stellaria media L. on germination and development of maize Zea mays L. seedlings of ‘San’, ‘Kidemos’ and ‘DKC 3441’ cultivars. Along with the increase in the concentration of allelopathic substances, a decrease in the germination activity of all tested maize cultivars was observed. Germination percentage as like percentage of control was the highest for seeds germinating on substrates with 1% chickweed extracts and the lowest for seeds watered with 5% extracts. Biometric measurements of seedlings showed that the most sensitive cultivar of maize was ‘DKC 3441’, and the resistant cultivar ‘San’. The relative water content was the highest for seedlings grown on the 5% extracts. Significant differences in the amount of fresh and dry masses of maize seedlings were demonstrated at the highest concentrations of extracts compared to the control. A significant increase in electrolyte leakage compared to the control sample was found in the ‘Kidemos’ cultivar. The lowest differences in the destabilization of the ionic transport through cell membranes for the ‘DKC 3441’ cultivar were demonstrated.

 

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Published
2019-07-06
How to Cite
ZANDI, P., MOŻDŻEŃ, K., BARABASZ-KRASNY, B., PUŁA, J., STACHURSKA-SWAKOŃ, A., & WANG, Y. (2019). The Influence of Aqueous Extracts from Stellaria media L. on the Growth of Zea mays L. Cultivars. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(3). https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47311597
Section
Research Articles