Assessment of New Sweet Cherry Cultivars Released at RSFG Iaşi, Romania
Keywords:breeding; cultivar; fruit; sweet cherry; quality
The research concerning the improvement of the cherry assortment, the cultivars’ quality and the avoiding of market crowding with fresh cherries only on a short term are extremely important objectives for cherries’ breeding. To accomplish some of these objectives, during 1981-2017, hybridization and selection of hybrids were performed at the Research Station for Fruit Growing Iași (RSFG Iași), in the N-E part of Romania, concluding with a series of promising hybrid selections. They have been grafted, planted and studied in trial fields. Therefore, during 1994-2016, RSFG Iași released 28 sweet cherry cultivars with high quality fruits and different maturation stages. In the studies performed during 2014-2017, there were analysed three new sweet cherry cultivars (‘Elaiaşi’, ‘Muşatini’ and ‘Croma’), obtained through controlled hybridization. The comparison of these new cultivars was performed against ‘Van’, used as control, this being a well-known cultivar in the orchards from the study area. Observations and measurements concerning the main phenological stages, natural fertility, physical features, organoleptic, quality and chemical traits of fruit were registered. The cultivars with the biggest dimensions of the fruits were ‘Elaiaşi’ and ‘Croma’ (with a weight between 8.9 and 9.4 g and a fruits’ diameter between 25.2 and 26.6 mm), having significantly larger dimensions in comparison with ‘Van’. In the new investigated cherry cultivars, the values of soluble solids content were comprised between 17.0 and 20.2 °Brix, titratable acidity was between 0.46 - 0.57 mg of malic acid 100 mL-1 juice and the total polyphenols content was recorded between 382.87 - 780.25 mg GAE 100 mL-1 of fresh juice.
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