Composition of Lavandula angustifolia L. cultivated in Transylvania, Romania

  • Camelia OROIAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Antonia ODAGIU University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Csaba Pal RACZ University Babes-Bolyai, Faculty of Chemistry and Chimical Inginery, 11 Arany Janos St., Cluj-Napoca 400028
  • Ioan OROIAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Iulia C. MUREȘAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Marcel DUDA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Marioara ILEA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Ioan BRAȘOVEAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Cristian IEDERAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
  • Zamfir MARCHIȘ University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Biotechnology, 3-5 Calea Manastur, Cluj-Napoca 400372
Keywords: chemotype; cluster; distribution; essential oil; lavender; terpene

Abstract

An increasing market demand concerning lavender essential oil is reported. Identification and characterization of the main compounds of this oil is needed, in order to identify chemotypes. This information is useful for further uses of the produced oil. Essential oil extracted from two Lavandula angustifolia L. varieties, cultivated in different areas of Transylvania, Romania, was analysed from the point of view of qualitative and quantitative composition, using gas-chromatography. Basic statistics was used for calculation of essential oil compounds means and dispersion parameters, while the profile of the essential oil composition was emphasized using Box-Plot diagrams and cluster analysis. Nine compounds, in different amounts were quantified, and two chemotypes, corresponding to ‘Mailette’ and ‘Vera’ varieties were established (linalool, and linalyl acetate, respectively). Differences in essential oil composition are recorded in ‘Vera’ variety corresponding to ‘Vera’ linalyl acetate chemotype, function of specific condition of lavender cultivation area.

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Published
2019-06-11
How to Cite
OROIAN, C., ODAGIU, A., RACZ, C. P., OROIAN, I., MUREȘAN, I. C., DUDA, M., ILEA, M., BRAȘOVEAN, I., IEDERAN, C., & MARCHIȘ, Z. (2019). Composition of Lavandula angustifolia L. cultivated in Transylvania, Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(3), 643-650. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47311565
Section
Research Articles