Some Biochemical Characteristics of Fruit Samples of Sambucus nigra Genotypes from Northeastern Turkey
Keywords:biochemical diversity; content; elderberry; less known fruits
There are numerous wild edible fruit species in the world and they are important components of dietary utilization, local pharmacopoeia, cultural and religious practices of indigenous people. In this study, some important berry characteristics of seven seed propagated black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) genotypes sampled from Rize province, Turkey, were assessed. The genotypes exhibited a great diversity on most of the biochemical characteristics. Berries of genotypes showed moderate Vitamin C content ranged from 26 to 38 mg per 100 g fresh weight. Total phenolic and total anthocyanin content in fruits of the S. nigra genotypes has also high value ranged from 360 to 447 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per 100 g fresh weight and 307 to 412 mg cyanidin-3-glucoside equivalent per 100 g fresh berry, respectively. Antioxidant activity was found between 5.28 and 7.11 mmol trolox equivalent per 100 g fresh weight basis. Citric acid and fructose determined as major organic acid and sugar for all genotypes. For its high vitamin C, total anthocyanin and total phenolic content and high antioxidant activity of fruits of wild grown S. nigra may have provide many health benefits and can be domesticated to establish orchards in Turkey.
Atkinson FS, Foster-Powell K, Brand-Miller JC (2008). International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008. Diabetes Care 31(12):2281-2283. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1239
Benzie IFF, Strain JJ (1996). Ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) as a measure of antioxidant power: The FRAP assay. Analytical Biochemistry 239(1):70-76. https://doi.org/10.1006/abio.1996.0292
Bartolome AP, Ruperez P, Fuster C (1995). Pineapple fruit: Morphological characteristics, chemical composition and sensory analysis of Red Spanish and Smooth Cayenne cultivars. Food Chemistry 53(1):75-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)95790-D
Bronnum-Hansen K, Hansen S (1983). High-performance liquid chromatographic separation of anthocyanins of Sambucus nigra L. Journal of Chromatography 262:385-392.
Cuce M, Sokmen A (2017). In vitro production protocol of Vaccinium uliginosum L. (bog bilberry) growing in the Turkish flora. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 41(4):294-304.
Ercisli S, Akbulut M, Ozdemir O, Sengul M, Orhan E (2008). Phenolic and antioxidant diversity among persimmon (Diospyrus kaki L.) genotypes in Turkey. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition 59(6):477-482.
Ercisli S, Ipek A, Barut E (2011). SSR marker-based DNA fingerprinting and cultivar identification of olives (Olea europae). Biochemical Genetics 49(9-10):555-561.
Giusti MM, Wrolstad RE (2001). Characterization and measurement of anthocyanins by UV-visible spectroscopy. Current Protocols in Food Analytical Chemistry 1:F1-2.
Gundogdu M, Bilge U (2012). Determination of organics, phenolics, sugars and vitamin C contents of some cherry cultivars (Prunus avium). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 14(4):595-599.
Halvorsen BL, Holte K, Myhrstad MCW, Barikmo I, Hvattum E, … Blomhoff R (2002). A systematic screening of total antioxidants in dietary plants. The Journal of Nutrition 132(3):461-471.
Hofer M, Grill D, Hecke K, Herbinger K, Keppel H, … Veberic R (2005). Inhaltsstoffe alter Apfelsorten unter diätetischem Aspekt-Schwerpunkt Diabetes. Journal für Ernährungsmedizin 7(1):30-33.
Kaack K, Austed T (1998). Interaction of vitamin C and flavonoids in elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) during juice processing. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 52(3):187-198.
Lee J, Finn CE (2007). Anthocyanins and other polyphenolics in American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) and European elderberry (S. nigra) cultivars. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 87(14):2665-2675.
Mikulic-Petkovsek M, Stampar F, Veberic R (2007). Parameters of inner quality of the apple scab resistant and susceptible apple cultivars (Malus domestica Borkh.). Scientia Horticulturae 114(1):37-44.
Mikulic-Petkovsek M, Ivancic A, Schmitzer V, Veberic R, Stampar F (2016). Comparison of major taste compounds and antioxidative properties of fruits and flowers of different Sambucus species and interspecific hybrids. Food Chemistry 200:134-140.
Mratinic E, Fotirić M (2007). Selection of black elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) and evaluation of its fruits usability as biologically valuable food. Genetika 3(3):305-314.
Perkins-Veazie P, Thomas AL, Byers PL, Finn CE (2015). Fruit composition of elderberry (Sambucus spp.) genotypes grown in Oregon and Missouri, USA. Acta Horticulturae 1061:219-224.
Porpaczy A, Laszlo M (1984). Evaluation of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) clones based on the quality of the fruit. Acta Alimentaria 13:109-115.
Sadilova E, Stintzing FC, Kammerer DR, Carle R (2009). Matrix dependent impact of sugar and ascorbic acid addition on color and anthocyanin stability of black carrot, elderberry and strawberry single strength and from concentrate juices upon thermal treatment. Food Research International 42(8):1023-1033.
Sengul M, Ercisli S, Yildiz H, Gungor N, Kavaz A, Cetin B (2011). Antioxidant, antimicrobial activity and total phenolic content with the aerial parts of Artemisia absinthum, Artemisia santonicum and Saponaria officinalis. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 10(1):49-55.
Shui G, Leong SL (2002). Separation and determination of organic acids and phenolic compounds in fruit juices and drinks by high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal Chromatography A 977(1):89-96.
Singleton VL, Rossi JA (1965). Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 16(3):144-158.
Thomas AL, Byers PL, Gu S, Avery JD, Kaps M, … Rottinghaus GE (2015). Occurrence of polyphenols, organic acids, and sugars among diverse elderberry genotypes grown in three Missouri (USA) locations. Acta Horticulturae 1061:147-153.
Usenik V, Fabcic J, Stampar F (2008). Sugars, organic acids, phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Food Chemistry 107(1):185-192.
Veberic R, Jakopic J, Stampar F, Schmitzer V (2009). European elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) rich in sugars, organic acids, anthocyanins and selected polyphenols. Food Chemistry 114(2):511-515.
Vijayan K, Chakraborti SP, Ercisli S, Ghosh PD (2008). NaCI induced morpho-biochemical and anatomical changes in mulberry (Morus spp.). Plant Growth Regulation 56(1):61-69.
Zia-Ul-Haq M, Ahmad S, Bukhari SA, Amarowicz R, Ercisli S, Jaafar HZE (2014). Compositional studies and biological activities of some mash bean (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) cultivars commonly consumed in Pakistan. Biological Research 47(1):23.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.