Effects of Nitrogen and Potassium Fertilization on Nutrient Content and Quality Attributes of Sweet Cherry Fruits
Keywords:colour, cracking index, fertilizing, flesh firmness, fruit tree, Prunus avium L., ‘0900 Ziraat’
Fertilizers are commonly applied to improve the yield and quality in orchards. But unbalanced fertilization negatively affects the nutrient contents of the fruits. Fruits with low energy and high mineral and vitamin contents are significant foods for human nutrition and human health. This study was carried out with ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherry cultivar grafted on ‘Gisela 5’ rootstock in two consecutive years. The effects of different nitrogen (N) and Potassium (K) doses on nutrient content of fruits were investigated. Different doses of N (0, 50, 125 and 250 g N tree-1) and K (0, 50, 125 and 250 g K2O tree-1) were applied beneath the tree canopy in 6 replications and 1 tree in every replication in two consecutive years. Fruit samples were harvested from each tree and fruit colour, firmness, cracking index and nutrient contents (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and B) were determined. Fruit N content, N:K ratio, L*, a*, C* and firmness values increased with increasing N doses. While K fertilization did not have significant effects on K content and N:K ratio, it negatively influenced the N content of the fruits. It was concluded that N fertilization directly influenced fruit quality attributes, but K fertilization did not have any significant effects on fruit quality parameters.
Aktas M, Ates M (1998). Bitkilerde beslenme bozukluklar?, nedenleri ve tan?nmalar?. Engin Yay?nevi, Ankara.
Bergmann W (1992). Nutritional disorders of plants, development, visual and analytical diagnosis. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, and New York.
Bybordi A (2013). Quantitative and qualitative effects of nutrient applications and irrigation methods on apricot. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 14(3):423-431.
Christensen JV (1996). Cherries: crop physiology, production and uses. In: Webster AD, Looney NE (Eds). Rain-induced cracking of sweet cherries: Its causes and prevention. Wallingford: CAB International, USA pp 297-327.
Crisosto CH, Mitchell FG, Johnson RS (1995). Factors in fresh market stone fruit quality. Postharvest News and Information 6:17-21.
Crisosto CH, Costa G (2008). The Peach: Botany, Production and Uses. In: Layne DR, Bassi D (Eds.). Preharvest factors affecting peach quality. CAB International, Parlier, CA, USA pp 536-549.
Cuquel FL, Motta ACV, Tutida I, De Mio LLM (2011). Nitrogen and potassium fertilization affecting the plum postharvest quality. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 33(1):328-336.
Fallahi E, Fallahi B, Neilsen GH, Neilsen D, Peryea FJ (2010). Effects of mineral nutrition on fruit quality and nutritional disorders in apples. Acta Horticulturae 868:49-60.
Herrera EA (2001). Fertilization programs for apple orchards. Guide H-319. Extension Horticulturist College of Agriculture and Home Economics, New Mexico State University.
Hoying S, Fargione M, Iungerman K (2004). Diagnosing apple tree nutritional status: leaf analysis interpretation and deficiency symptoms. New York Fruit Quarterly 12(11):16-19.
Huber DM, Graham RD (1999). Mineral Nutrition of Crops: Fundamental Mechanisms and Implication. In: Rengel Z (Ed). The Role of nutrition in crop resistance and tolerance to disease. Food Products Press., New York pp 169-206.
Kacar B, Inal A (2008). Bitki analizleri. Nobel Yayin Dagitim, Ankara.
Kaska N (2001). Türkiye’nin sert cekirdekli meyvelerde uretim hedefleri uzerine oneriler. In Proceeding of the I. Sert Cekirdekli Meyveler Sempozyumu, Yalova pp 1-16.
Milosevic T, Milosevic N, Glisic I, Nikolic R, Milivojevic J (2015). Early tree growth, productivity, fruit quality and leaf nutrients content of sweet cherry grown in a high density planting system. Horticultural Science 42:1-12.
Nava G, Roque Dechen A, Ribeiro Nachtigall G (2007). Nitrogen and potassium fertilization affect apple fruit quality in Southern Brazil. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 39(1-2):96-100.
OMAFRA (2004). Fertilizing apple trees. Excerpts from Publication 360, Fruit Production Recommendations. Retrieved 2010 May 13 from http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca.
Raese JT, Drake SR, Curry EA (2007). Nitrogen fertilizer influences fruit quality, soil nutrients and cover crops, leaf color and nitrogen content, biennial bearing and cold hardiness of ‘Golden Delicious’. Journal of Plant Nutrition 30(10):1585-1604.
Rettke MA, Pitt TR, Maier NA, Jones JA (2006). Quality of fresh and dried fruit of apricot (cv. Moorpark) in response to soil-applied nitrogen. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 46(1):123-129.
Ryan J, Estafan G, Rashid A (2001). Soil and plant analysis laboratory, manual 2nd ed. ICARDA and NARS, Aleppo, Syria.
Sarisu HC, Demirtas I (2015). ‘Gisela 5’ ve kuskirazi anaclari uzerine asili Davraz ve 0900 Ziraat kiraz cesitlerinin verim, meyve kalitesi ve fenolojik ozelliklerinin belirlenmesi. Meyve Bilimi / Fruit Science 2(1):9-15.
Sarisu HC, Karamursel OF, Gur I, Koçal H, Yurekli-Cengiz O, Demirtas I, Ozturk FP (2016). The performance of ‘0900 Ziraat’ sweet cherry cultivar on different rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae 1139:167-172.
Saykhul A, Chatzissavvidis C, Therios I, Dimassi K, Chatzistathis T (2014). Growth and nutrient status of olive plants as influenced by foliar potassium applications. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 14(3):602-615.
Sezgin AC (2014): Meyve, sebze ve saglimiz (fruit, vegetable and our health). Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies 2(2):46-51.
Souza F, Argenta LC, Nava G, Ernani PR, Amarante CVT (2013). Quality of ‘Fuji’ apples affected by nitrogen and potassium fertilization in two soil types. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura 35(1):305-315.
Spectrum Analytic Inc. (2006). Fertilizing apples. Retrieved 2015 April 20 fromhttp://www.spectrumanalytic.com/support/library/pdf/fertilizing_apple_trees.pdf.
Stasiak M (2014). Nutrition guidelines for Wisconsin apple and cherry orchard. Peninsular Agricultural Research Station-Update, pp 6-12.
Stiles WC (1994). Tree Fruit Nutrition. In: Peterson AB, Stevens RG (Eds). Phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and sulfur soil management. Good Fruit Grower, Yakima, Washington pp 63-70.
Stiles WC (2004). Soil analysis and interpretation. New York Fruit Quarterly 12(1):28-30.
TUIK (2014). Bitkisel uretim istatistikleri. Retrieved 2015 October 27 from http://www.tuik.gov.tr.
Ucgun K, Gezgin S, Akgul H, Atasay A, Harmankaya M, Altindal M (2016). Effect of cultivars on evaluation of leaf analysis of apple trees. Acta Horticulturae 1139:275-278.
Webster AD, Schmidt H (1996). Cherries: Crop physiology, production and uses. In: Webster AD, Looney NE (Eds). Rootstocks for sweet and sour cherries. CAB International, USA pp 127-163.
Yang BM, Yao LX, Li GL, He ZH, Zhou CM (2015). Dynamic changes of nutrition in litchi foliar and effects of potassium - nitrogen fertilization ratio. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 15(1):98-110.
How to Cite
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.