Hippophae salicifolia D. Don: A Miraculous Species Less Known in Europe
Hippophae salicifolia is an Euro-Asian species used in many industries, from medicine to cosmetics, nutrition, or soil sciences (enriching degraded fields, diminishing soil erosion, preventing and treating diseases). The purpose of this study was to analyse the culture of this species in Europe together with the chemical content of its fruits. In order to achieve this, Hippophae salicifolia seeds were sown in greenhouses, seedlings were planted in fields, while the fruits were harvested and analysed both fresh, as well as after preservation for 1 year and 5 months. The properties of H. salicifolia fruits were also compared with the fruits of Hippophae rhamnoides, both fresh and preserved for 7 months. The analysis have shown that fresh fruits contain an average quantity of 31; 811 and 231 mg/100 total carotenoid, polyphenol, and ascorbic acid, respectively. The vitamin C content was much higher than that observed for H. rhamonides. If kept in adequate conditions, H. salicifolia fruits lose only a small amount of vitamin C and exhibit a vitamin C content (224 mg/100g) superior to the fresh fruit of H. rhamonides (100-150 mg/100 g). By comparing the chemical characteristics of H. salicifolia and H. rhamnoides fruits preserved over a long period of time, a higher concentration of vitamin C was observed in H. salicifolia, while the differences between the other chemical characteristics were insignificant. The obtained results strongly suggest that H. salicifolia can be successfully cultured in Europe, while its exceptional fruit qualities can be capitalised on by a variety of industries.
Airi S, Bhatt ID, Bhatt A, Rawal RS, Dhar U (2009). Variations in seed germination of Hippophae salicifolia with different pre-soaking treatments. Journal of Forestry Research 20(1):27-30.
Andersson SC, Olsson ME, Johansson E, Rumpunen K (2009). Carotenoids in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries during ripening and use of pheophytin as a maturity marker. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57:250-258.
Bal LM, Meda V, Naik SN, Satya S (2011). Sea buckthorn berries: A potential source of valuable nutrients for nutraceuticals and cosmoceuticals. Food Research International 44:1718-1727.
Basistha BC, Sharma NP, Lepcha L, Arrawatia ML, Sen A (2009). Ecology of Hippophae salicifolia D. Don of temperate and sub-alpine forests of North Sikkim Himalayas - a case study. Symbiosis 50(1-2):87-95.
Beldeanu EC (1975). Cercetari privind fructificarea ?i proprietatile unor produse primare obtinute din fructe la catina alba (Hippophae ramnoides L.) [Investigations regarding the fructification and properties of some primary products obtained from white sea buckthorn fruits]. PhD thesis abstract, Brasov University, pp 16-21.
Beldeanu EC (2004). Specii de interes sanogen din fondul forestier [Forest fund species of sanogen interest]. Editura Universitatii Transilvania, Brasov pp 39-50.
Beveridge T, Li TSC, Oomah BD, Smith A (1999). Seabuckthorn products: manufacture and composition. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47:3480-3488.
Brad I, Brad IL, Radu F (2002). Catina alba, o farmacie intr-o planta [White sea buckthorn, a pharmacy in a plant]. Editura Tehnica Bucuresti pp 41-83.
Britton GS, Liaaen J, Pfander H (1995). Carotenoids, vol 1B: Spectroscopy. In: Britton et al. (Eds). Birkhäuser Verlag, Zurich.
Constandache C, Peticila A, Dinca L, Vasile D (2016). The usage of Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides L.) for improving Romania’s degraded lands. AgroLife Scientific Journal 5(2):50-58.
Corlateanu S, Stefanescu E, Beldeanu EC (1975). Practical handbook on forest accessory products. University of Brasov Publishing House, pp 53-55.
Daviers MB, Austin J, Partridge DA (1991). Vitamin C – Its chemistry and biochemistry. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Cambridge.
Dinca L, Dinca M, Serbanescu A, Stanca A, Darie G, Prisecaru T, Ciobanu V, Patrut I (2011). Reconstructia haldelor de steril prin utilizarea de specii cu potential energetic [The reconstruction of waste heaps by using species with energetic potential]. Editura Silvica, Bucuresti.
Dwivedi SK, Singh R, Ahmed Z (2006). The Seabuckthorn. Field research laboratory. Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). Leh (Ladakh)-194101 (J and K). India.
Gaur RD (1999). Flora of the District Garhwal, North West Himalaya. University of Chicago, Transmedia.
Geetha S, Asheesh G (2011). Medicinal and therapeutic potential of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 138(2011):268-278.
Giuffrida D, Pintea A, Dugo P, Torre G, Pop RM, Mondello L (2011). Determination of carotenoids and their esters in fruits of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) by HPLC-DAD-APCI-MS. Phytochemical Analysis 23:267-273.
Gupta SM, Ahmed Z (2010). Sea buckthorn (Hippophae salicifolia L.) plant: As source donor of cold tolerant genes for improving high altitude agriculture during cold stress. Research in Environment and Life Sciences 3(3):105-112.
Gupta SM, Grover A, Pandey P, Ahmed Z (2012). Female plants of Hippophae salicifolia D. Don are more responsive to cold stress than male plants. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 18(4):377-380.
Gupta SM, Gupta A, Ahmed Z, Kumar A (2011a). Antibacterial and antifungal activity in leaf, seed extract and seed oil of sea buckthorn (Hippophae salicifolia D. Don) plant. Plant Pathology and Microbiology 2(2):1-4.
Gupta SM, Pandey P, Grover A, Ahmed Z (2011b). Breaking seed dormancy in Hippophae salicifolia, a high value medicinal plant. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 17(4):403-406.
Kallio H, Yang B, Peippo P, Tahvonen R, Pan R (2002). Triacylglycerols, glycerophospholipid, tocopherols, and tocotrienols in berries and seeds of two subspecies (ssp. sinensis and mongolica) of sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 50:3004-3009.
Kallner A (1987). Requirement for vitamin C based on metabolic studies. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 498(1):418-423.
Karhu ST, Vlvinen SK, Hagg M, Ahvenainen R, Evers AM, Tiilikkala K (1999). Vitamin C: a variable quantity factor in Sea buckthorn breeding. Agriculture Food Quality II: quality management of fruits and vegetables, from field to table. Turku, Finland, 22-25 April. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, pp 360-362.
Kaushal M, Sharma PC, Sharma R (2013). Formulation and acceptability of foam mat dried seabuckthorn (Hippophae salicifolia) leather. Journal of Food Science and Technology 50(1):78-85.
Lu SS, Uang BJ (1992). Asymmetric Synthesis of a-Amino Acids from Glycine. Journal of the Chinese Chemical Society 39(3):245-249.
Matheus A, MacLeod L (1994). Cognitive approaches to emotion and emotional disorders. Annual Review of Psychology 45:25-50.
McDonald EJ, Turcotte AL (1946). Study of Ofne’s method for determination of invert sugar. Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards 37:429-434.
OECD (2009). Guidelines on objective tests to determine quality of fruits and vegetables, dry and dried produced. Retrieved September 01, 2016 from www. oecd.org.
Padwad Y, Ganju L, Jain M, Chanda S, Karan D, Banerjee PK, Sawhney RC (2006). Effect of leaf extract of Seabuckthorn on lipopolysaccharide induced inflammatory response in murine macrophages. International Immunopharmacology 6(1):46-52.
Pant M, Lal A, Rani A (2014). Hippophae salicifolia D. Don - A plant with multivarious benefits. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 6(11):37-40.
Parlog RM, Vodnar DC, Dulf FV, Leopold L, Socaciu C (2009). HPLC-PDA and UV–Vis spectrometry used to fingerprint sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) berries comparatively with leaves and seeds extracts. Bulletin UASVM Agriculture 66:409-414.
Pascanut I, Pop MR, Danciu I (2010a). Determining the soluble dry substance, acidity, sugar contents directly and totally reduced from the Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) juice. Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 1:123-125.
Pascanut I, Pop MR, Danciu I (2010b). Determining vitamin C quantity from Sea buckthorn fruits (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) during harvest and cold storage. Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 1:126-128.
Pintea A, Varga A, Stepnowski P, Socaciu C, Culea M, Diehl HA (2005). Chromatographic analysis of carotenol fatty acid esters in Physalis alkekengi and Hippophae rhamnoides. Phytochemical Analysis 16:188-195.
Pop RM, Weesepoel Y, Socaciu C, Pintea A, Vincken JP, Gruppen H (2013). Carotenoid composition of berries and leaves from six Romanian sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) varieties. Food Chemistry 147:1-9.
Raffo A, Paoletti F, Antonelli M (2004). Changes in sugar, organic acid, flavonol and carotenoid composition during ripening of berries of three seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) cultivars. European Food Research and Technology 219:360-368.
Ranjith A, Sarin Kumar K, Venugopalan VV, Arumughan C, Sawhney RC, Singh V (2006). Fatty acids, tocols, and carotenoids in pulp oil of three sea buckthorn species (Hippophae rhamnoides, H. salicifolia, and H. tibetana) grown in the Indian Himalayas. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 83(4):359-364.
Rongsen A (1992). Sea buckthorn: multi-purpose plant species for fragile mountains. ICIMOD Occasional Paper No. 20, Kathmandu, Nepal, pp 6-7 and 18-20.
Saikia M, Handique PJ (2012). Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of leaf, bark, pulp and seed extracts of seabuckthorn (Hippophae salicifolia D. Don) of Sikkim Himalayas. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 7(19):1330-1338.
Sankhyan HP, Sehgal RN, Bhrot NP (2005). Standardization of presowing treatments for different seabuckthorn species in cold deserts of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Forester 131(7):931-938.
Schuck KP, Dolivet A, Jeantet R (2012). Analytical methods for food and dairy powders. Wiley-Blackwell, pp 113-118.
Sharma P, Kirar V, Suryakumar G, Mishra K (2013). Phytochemical analysis of Sea buckthorn extracts and quantification of flavonoids by HPTLC. Biochemistry & Pharmacology 2(4):73-78.
Sinclair WB, Bartholomew ET, Ramsey RC (1945). Analysis of organic acids of orange juice. Plant Physiology 20(1):3-18.
Singh R, Rastogi S, Dwivedi U (2010). Phenylpropanoid Metabolism in Ripening Fruits. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 9(4):398-416.
Singh V (2003). A multipurpose wonder plant. In: Seabuckthorn (Hippophae L.) Singh V (Ed). India: Daya Publishing House pp 3-69.
Socaciu C (2008). Food colorants: Chemical and functional properties. CRC Press-Taylor and Francis Group, New York.
Synge PM (1974). Dictionary of gardening: a practical and scientific encyclopedia of horticulture (2nd Edition). Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Uprety Y, Asselin H, Boon E, Yadav S, Shrestha K (2010). Indigenous use and bio-efficacy of medicinal plants in the Rasuwa Distric, central Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6:3.
Vasile D, Dinca L, Voiculescu I (2015). Collecting medicinal plants from spontaneous flora of forest fund managed by National Forest Administration Romsilva. Revista de Silvicultura si Cinegetica 37:88-94.
Vasile D, Dinca L, Voiculescu I (2016). Wild berries collected in 2016 from national forest fund managed by RNP Romsilva. Revista de Silvicultura si Cinegetica 38:72-75.
Vescan A, Pamfil D, Bele C, Matea C, Sisea CR (2010). Several lipophilic components of five elite genotypes of Romanian seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides subs. carpatica). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 38:114-122.
Xing C (2003). Health protection and processing technology of seabuckthorn tea. In: Singh V (Ed). Seabuckthorn (Hippophae L.) - A multipurpose wonder plant. Indus Publishing Company pp 475-478.
Yang B, Kallio H (2005). Lipophilic components of seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) seeds and berries. In: Singh V (Ed). Seabuckthorn (Hippophae L.) - A multipurpose wonder plant. Indus Publishing Company pp 70-97.
Yao Y, Tigerstedt PMA (1994). Genetic diversity in Hippophae L and its use in plant breeding. Euphytica 77:165-169.
*** (2011). Procedures for analysis of citrus products, 6th ed. JBT Food Tech Citrus Systems.
Open Access Journal:
The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restriction. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.