Calculating Organic Carbon Stock from Forest Soils
The organic carbon stock (SOC) (t/ha) was calculated in different approaches in order to enhance the differences among methods and their utility regarding specific studies. Using data obtained in Romania (2000-2012) from 4,500 profiles and 9,523 soil horizons, the organic carbon stock was calculated for the main forest soils (18 types) using three different methods: 1) on pedogenetical horizons, by soil bulk density and depth class/horizon thickness; 2) by soil type and standard depths; 3) using regression equations between the quantity of organic C and harvesting depths. Even though the same data were used, the differences between the values of C stock obtained from the three methods were relatively high. The first method led to an overvaluation of the C stock. The differences between methods 1 and 2 were high (and reached 33% for andosol), while the differences between methods 2 and 3 were smaller (a maximum of 23% for rendzic leptosol). The differences between methods 2 and 3 were significantly lower especially for andosol, arenosol and vertisol. A thorough analysis of all three methods concluded that the best method to evaluate the organic C stock was to distribute the obtained values on the following standard depths: 0 - 10 cm; 10 - 20 cm; 20 - 40 cm; > 40 cm. For each soil type, a correlation between the quantity of organic C and the sample harvesting depth was also established. These correlations were significant for all types of soil; however, lower correlation coefficients were registered for rendzic leptosol, haplic podzol and fluvisol.
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